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Parliaments as Peacebuilders in Conflict-Affected Countriesby Mitchell O'brien
Synopses & Reviews
The changing nature of conflict and the increase in intrastate conflict during the 1990s, followed by its slow decline since the turn of the century, have led to changing priorities in the field of conflict resolution. No longer is the international community solely concerned with resolving existing conflicts; it also is managing emerging conflicts to ensure that they do not flare into violent conflict. This book outlines some of the strategies parliaments and parliamentarians can adopt to reduce the incidence of conflict and effectively manage conflict when it does emerge. It is hoped that by developing a better understanding of the nexus between parliament, poverty, and conflict parliamentarians will be more aware of the array of options open to them as they seek to contribute to conflict management in conflict-affected societies.
Book News Annotation:
O'Brien (World Bank Institute's Parliamentary Strengthening Program), Stapenhurst (World Bank Institute's governance team), and Johnston (a former director of programs at the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association) collect 17 papers that explore the role of parliaments in conflict-affected countries. General papers discuss the nexus among parliaments, poverty reduction, and conflict prevention; the design of parliamentary representation; how to advance parliament's legislative function and strengthen parliamentary oversight in conflict-affected societies; gender dimensions of conflict and the role of parliaments; parliamentary promotion of socioeconomic equality; macroeconomic challenges and parliaments; and regional parliamentary peacebuilding and engagement with international organizations. Also included are papers discussing the creation of a shared parliament in Northern Ireland, parliamentary oversight of defense in South Africa, the role of the Rwandan parliament in conflict prevention, military intervention in Thai parliamentary democracy, and the role of the Finnish parliament in international conflict prevention and crisis management. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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