- STAFF PICKS
- GIFTS + GIFT CARDS
- SELL BOOKS
- FIND A STORE
Currently out of stock.
available for shipping or prepaid pickup only
Other titles in the Latin America Otherwise: Languages, Empires, Nations series:
Circulation of Children: Kinship, Adoption, and Morality in Andean Peru (Latin America Otherwise)by Jessaca B. Leinaweaver
Synopses & Reviews
In this vivid ethnography, Jessaca B. Leinaweaver explores andldquo;child circulation,andrdquo; informal arrangements in which indigenous Andean children are sent by their parents to live in other households. At first glance, child circulation appears tantamount to child abandonment. When seen in that light, the practice is a violation of international norms regarding childrenandrsquo;s rights, guidelines that the Peruvian state relies on in regulating legal adoptions. Leinaweaver demonstrates that such an understanding of the practice is simplistic and misleading. Her in-depth ethnographic analysis reveals child circulation to be a meaningful, pragmatic social practice for poor and indigenous Peruvians, a flexible system of kinship that has likely been part of Andean lives for centuries. Child circulation may be initiated because parents cannot care for their children, because a childless elder wants company, or because it gives a young person the opportunity to gain needed skills.
Leinaweaver provides insight into the emotional and material factors that bring together and separate indigenous Andean families in the highland city of Ayacucho. She describes how child circulation is intimately linked to survival in the city, which has had to withstand colonialism, economic isolation, and the devastating civil war unleashed by the Shining Path. Leinaweaver examines the practice from the perspective of parents who send their children to live in other households, the adults who receive them, and the children themselves. She relates child circulation to international laws and norms regarding childrenandrsquo;s rights, adoptions, and orphans, and to Peruandrsquo;s history of racial conflict and violence. Given that history, Leinaweaver maintains that it is not surprising that child circulation, a practice associated with Peruandrsquo;s impoverished indigenous community, is alternately ignored, tolerated, or condemned by the state.
Analyzes the practice of informal adoption and child circulation between communities in Peru, showing how these historical practices respond to and are constrained by state and international efforts to concretize family and love.
About the Author
Jessaca B. Leinaweaver is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Brown University.
Table of Contents
About the Series vii
A Note on Translation xiii
Introduction: Moving Children in Ayacucho 1
1. Ayacucho: Histories of Violence and Ethnography 21
2. International Adoption: The Globalization of Kinship 37
3. Puericulture and Andean Orphanhood 61
4. Companionship and Custom: The Mechanics of Child Circulation 81
5. Superaciandoacute;n: The Strategic Uses of Child Circulation 105
6. Pertenecer: Knowledge and Kinship 134
7. Circulating Children, at Home and Abroad 154
What Our Readers Are Saying