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Other titles in the IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering series:

Risk Assessment of Power Systems: Models, Methods, and Applications (IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering)

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Risk Assessment of Power Systems: Models, Methods, and Applications (IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Extended models, methods, and applications in power system risk assessment

Risk Assessment of Power Systems: Models, Methods, and Applications, Second Edition fills the gap between risk theory and real-world application. Author Wenyuan Li is a leading authority on power system risk and has more than twenty-five years of experience in risk evaluation. This book offers real-world examples to help readers learn to evaluate power system risk during planning, design, operations, and maintenance activities.

Some of the new additions in the Second Edition include:

  • New research and applied achievements in power system risk assessment
  • A discussion of correlation models in risk evaluation
  • How to apply risk assessment to renewable energy sources and smart grids
  • Asset management based on condition monitoring and risk evaluation
  • Voltage instability risk assessment and its application to system planning

The book includes theoretical methods and actual industrial applications. It offers an extensive discussion of component and system models, applied methods, and practical examples, allowing readers to effectively use the basic concepts to conduct risk assessments for power systems in the real world. With every original chapter updated, two new sections added, and five entirely new chapters included to cover new trends, Risk Assessment of Power Systems is an essential reference.

Synopsis:

Risk Assessment of Power Systems addresses the regulations and functions of risk assessment with regard to its relevance in system planning, maintenance, and asset management. Brimming with practical examples, this edition introduces the latest risk information on renewable resources, the smart grid, voltage stability assessment, and fuzzy risk evaluation. It is a comprehensive reference of a highly pertinent topic for engineers, managers, and upper-level students who seek examples of risk theory applications in the workplace.

About the Author

DR. WENYUAN LI, PhD, is recognized as one of the leading authorities on risk assessment of power systems and has been active in power system risk and reliability evaluation for more than twenty-five years. He is a full professor with Chongqing University, China, and a principal engineer at BC Hydro, Canada. He is a fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering, the Engineering Institute of Canada, and the IEEE, and received ten international awards due to his significant contributions in the power system risk assessment field.

Table of Contents

Preface to the First Edition xxi

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Risk in Power Systems / 1

1.2 Basic Concepts of Power System Risk Assessment / 4

1.2.1 System Risk Evaluation / 4

1.2.2 Data in Risk Evaluation / 6

1.2.3 Unit Interruption Cost / 7

1.3 Outline of the Book / 9

2 Outage Models of System Components 15

2.1 Introduction / 15

2.2 Models of Independent Outages / 16

2.2.1 Repairable Forced Failure / 17

2.2.2 Aging Failure / 18

2.2.3 Nonrepairable Chance Failure / 24

2.2.4 Planned Outage / 24

2.2.5 Semiforced Outage / 27

2.2.6 Partial Failure Mode / 28

2.2.7 Multiple Failure Mode / 30

2.3 Models of Dependent Outages / 31

2.3.1 Common-Cause Outage / 31

2.3.2 Component-Group Outage / 36

2.3.3 Station-Originated Outage / 37

2.3.4 Cascading Outage / 39

2.3.5 Environment-Dependent Failure / 40

2.4 Conclusions / 42

3 Parameter Estimation in Outage Models 45

3.1 Introduction / 45

3.2 Point Estimation on Mean and Variance of Failure Data / 46

3.2.1 Sample Mean / 46

3.2.2 Sample Variance / 48

3.3 Interval Estimation on Mean and Variance of

Failure Data / 49

3.3.1 General Concept of Confi dence Interval / 49

3.3.2 Confi dence Interval of Mean / 50

3.3.3 Confi dence Interval of Variance / 53

3.4 Estimating Failure Frequency of Individual Components / 54

3.4.1 Point Estimation / 54

3.4.2 Interval Estimation / 55

3.5 Estimating Probability from a Binomial Distribution / 56

3.6 Experimental Distribution of Failure Data and Its Test / 57

3.6.1 Experimental Distribution of Failure Data / 58

3.6.2 Test of Experimental Distribution / 59

3.7 Estimating Parameters in Aging Failure Models / 60

3.7.1 Mean Life and Its Standard Deviation in the Normal

Model / 61

3.7.2 Shape and Scale Parameters in the Weibull Model / 63

3.7.3 Example / 66

3.8 Conclusions / 70

4 Elements of Risk Evaluation Methods 73

4.1 Introduction / 73

4.2 Methods for Simple Systems / 74

4.2.1 Probability Convolution / 74

4.2.2 Series and Parallel Networks / 75

4.2.3 Minimum Cutsets / 78

4.2.4 Markov Equations / 79

4.2.5 Frequency-Duration Approaches / 81

4.3 Methods for Complex Systems / 84

4.3.1 State Enumeration / 84

4.3.2 Nonsequential Monte Carlo Simulation / 87

4.3.3 Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation / 89

4.4 Correlation Models in Risk Evaluation / 91

4.4.1 Correlation Measures / 92

4.4.2 Correlation Matrix Methods / 93

4.4.3 Copula Functions / 95

4.5 Conclusions / 102

5 Risk Evaluation Techniques for Power Systems 105

5.1 Introduction / 105

5.2 Techniques Used in Generation-Demand Systems / 106

5.2.1 Convolution Technique / 106

5.2.2 State Sampling Method / 110

5.2.3 State Duration Sampling Method / 112

5.3 Techniques Used in Radial Distribution Systems / 114

5.3.1 Analytical Technique / 114

5.3.2 State Duration Sampling Method / 117

5.4 Techniques Used in Substation Confi gurations / 118

5.4.1 Failure Modes and Modeling / 119

5.4.2 Connectivity Identifi cation / 121

5.4.3 Stratifi ed State Enumeration Method / 123

5.4.4 State Duration Sampling Method / 127

5.5 Techniques Used in Composite Generation and Transmission

Systems / 129

5.5.1 Basic Procedure / 130

5.5.2 Component Failure Models / 131

5.5.3 Load Curve Models / 131

5.5.4 Contingency Analysis / 133

5.5.5 Optimization Models for Load Curtailments / 135

5.5.6 State Enumeration Method / 138

5.5.7 State Sampling Method / 139

5.6 Conclusions / 141

6 Application of Risk Evaluation to Transmission

Development Planning 143

6.1 Introduction / 143

6.2 Concept of Probabilistic Planning / 144

6.2.1 Basic Procedure / 144

6.2.2 Cost Analysis / 145

6.2.3 Present Value / 146

6.3 Risk Evaluation Approach / 146

6.3.1 Risk Evaluation Procedure / 147

6.3.2 Risk Cost Model / 147

6.4 Example 1: Selecting the Lowest-Cost Planning Alternative / 149

6.4.1 System Description / 149

6.4.2 Planning Alternatives / 151

6.4.3 Risk Evaluation / 152

6.4.4 Overall Economic Analysis / 155

6.4.5 Summary / 157

6.5 Example 2: Applying Different Planning Criteria / 158

6.5.1 System and Planning Alternatives / 158

6.5.2 Study Conditions and Data / 159

6.5.3 Risk and Risk Cost Evaluation / 161

6.5.4 Overall Economic Analysis / 163

6.5.5 Summary / 166

6.6 Conclusions / 167

7 Application of Risk Evaluation to Transmission

Operation Planning 169

7.1 Introduction / 169

7.2 Concept of Risk Evaluation in Operation Planning / 170

7.3 Risk Evaluation Method / 173

7.4 Example 1: Determining the Lowest-Risk Operation Mode / 175

7.4.1 System and Study Conditions / 175

7.4.2 Assessing Impacts of Load Transfer / 177

7.4.3 Comparing Different Reconfi gurations / 177

7.4.4 Selecting Operation Mode under the N−2

Condition / 179

7.4.5 Summary / 181

7.5 Example 2: A Simple Case by Hand Calculation / 181

7.5.1 Basic Concept / 181

7.5.2 Case Description / 182

7.5.3 Study Conditions and Data / 183

7.5.4 Risk Evaluation / 185

7.5.5 Summary / 188

7.6 Conclusions / 188

8 Application of Risk Evaluation to Generation

Source Planning 191

8.1 Introduction / 191

8.2 Procedure of Reliability Planning / 192

8.3 Simulation of Generation and Risk Costs / 193

8.3.1 Simulation Approach / 193

8.3.2 Minimization Cost Model / 194

8.3.3 Expected Generation and Risk Costs / 195

8.4 Example 1: Selecting Location and Size of Cogenerators / 196

8.4.1 Basic Concept / 196

8.4.2 System and Cogeneration Candidates / 197

8.4.3 Risk Sensitivity Analysis / 199

8.4.4 Maximum Benefi t Analysis / 201

8.4.5 Summary / 205

8.5 Example 2: Making a Decision to Retire a Local Generation

Plant / 205

8.5.1 Case Description / 206

8.5.2 Risk Evaluation / 206

8.5.3 Total Cost Analysis / 208

8.5.4 Summary / 210

8.6 Conclusions / 210

9 Application of Risk Evaluation to Selecting Substation

Configurations 211

9.1 Introduction / 211

9.2 Load Curtailment Model / 212

9.3 Risk Evaluation Approach / 215

9.3.1 Component Failure Models / 215

9.3.2 Procedure of Risk Evaluation / 215

9.3.3 Economic Analysis Method / 216

9.4 Example 1: Selecting Substation Confi guration / 217

9.4.1 Two Substation Confi gurations / 217

9.4.2 Risk Evaluation / 218

9.4.3 Economic Analysis / 222

9.4.4 Summary / 223

9.5 Example 2: Evaluating Effects of Substation Confi guration

Changes / 223

9.5.1 Simplifi ed Model for Evaluating Substation

Confi gurations / 223

9.5.2 Problem Description / 224

9.5.3 Risk Evaluation / 227

9.5.4 Summary / 228

9.6 Example 3: Selecting Transmission Line Arrangement Associated

with Substations / 229

9.6.1 Description of Two Options / 229

9.6.2 Risk Evaluation and Economic Analysis / 230

9.6.3 Summary / 233

9.7 Conclusions / 233

10 Application of Risk Evaluation to Renewable

Energy Systems 235

10.1 Introduction / 235

10.2 Risk Evaluation of Wind Turbine Power Converter System

(WTPCS) / 237

10.2.1 Basic Concepts / 237

10.2.2 Power Losses and Temperatures of WTPCS

Components / 238

10.2.3 Risk Evaluation of WTPCS / 240

10.2.4 Case Study / 245

10.2.5 Summary / 251

10.3 Risk Evaluation of Photovoltaic Power Systems / 251

10.3.1 Two Basic Structures of Photovoltaic Power

Systems / 251

10.3.2 Risk Parameters of Photovoltaic Inverters / 254

10.3.3 Risk Evaluation of Photovoltaic Power System / 258

10.3.4 Case Study / 263

10.3.5 Summary / 270

10.4 Conclusions / 272

11 Application of Risk Evaluation to Composite Systems with

Renewable Sources 275

11.1 Introduction / 275

11.2 Risk Assessment of a Composite System with Wind Farms and

Solar Power Stations / 276

11.2.1 Probability Models of Renewable Sources and Bus Load

Curves / 276

11.2.2 Multiple Correlations among Renewable Sources and

Bus/Regional Loads / 279

11.2.3 Risk Assessment Considering Multiple

Correlations / 282

11.2.4 Case Study / 283

11.2.5 Summary / 295

11.3 Determination of Transfer Capability Required by Wind

Generation / 296

11.3.1 System, Conditions, and Method / 296

11.3.2 Wind Generation Model / 298

11.3.3 Equivalence of Wind Power in Generation Systems / 299

11.3.4 Transfer Capability Required by Wind Generation / 303

11.3.5 Summary / 309

11.4 Conclusions / 310

12 Risk Evaluation of Wide Area Measurement and

Control System 313

12.1 Introduction / 313

12.2 Hierarchical Structure and Failure Analysis of WAMCS / 314

12.2.1 Hierarchical Structure of WAMCS / 314

12.2.2 Failure Analysis Technique for WAMCS / 315

12.3 Risk Evaluation of Phasor Measurement Units / 317

12.3.1 Markov State Models of PMU Modules / 317

12.3.2 Equivalent Two-State Model of PMU / 324

12.4 Risk Evaluation of Regional Communication Networks in

WAMCS / 325

12.4.1 Classifi cation of Regional Communication

Networks / 325

12.4.2 Survival Mechanisms of Regional Networks / 328

12.4.3 Risk Evaluation in Two Survival Mechanisms / 329

12.4.4 Equivalent Two-State Model of a Regional

Communication Network / 334

12.5 Risk Evaluation of Backbone Network in WAMCS / 335

12.5.1 Equivalent Risk Model of Backbone Communication

Network / 336

12.5.2 Risk Evaluation of Optic Fiber System / 337

12.6 Numerical Results / 343

12.6.1 Risk Indices of PMU / 343

12.6.2 Risk Indices of Regional Communication Networks / 345

12.6.3 Risk Indices of the Backbone Communication

Network / 347

12.6.4 Risk Indices of Overall WAMCS / 348

12.7 Conclusions / 349

13 Reliability-Centered Maintenance 351

13.1 Introduction / 351

13.2 Basic Tasks in RCM / 352

13.2.1 Comparison between Maintenance Alternatives / 352

13.2.2 Lowest-Risk Maintenance Scheduling / 353

13.2.3 Predictive Maintenance versus Corrective

Maintenance / 353

13.2.4 Ranking Importance of Components / 354

13.3 Example 1: Transmission Maintenance Scheduling / 355

13.3.1 Procedure of Transmission Maintenance Planning / 355

13.3.2 Description of the System and Maintenance

Outage / 357

13.3.3 The Lowest-Risk Schedule of the Cable

Replacement / 358

13.3.4 Summary / 359

13.4 Example 2: Workforce Planning in Maintenance / 360

13.4.1 Problem Description / 360

13.4.2 Procedure / 361

13.4.3 Case Study and Results / 362

13.4.4 Summary / 363

13.5 Example 3: A Simple Case Performed by Hand

Calculations / 363

13.5.1 Case Description / 363

13.5.2 Study Conditions and Data / 365

13.5.3 EENS Evaluation / 365

13.5.4 Summary / 367

13.6 Conclusions / 367

14 Probabilistic Spare-Equipment Analysis 369

14.1 Introduction / 369

14.2 Spare-Equipment Analysis Based on Reliability Criteria / 370

14.2.1 Unavailability of Components / 370

14.2.2 Group Reliability and Spare-Equipment Analysis / 372

14.3 Spare-Equipment Analysis Using the Probabilistic Cost

Method / 373

14.3.1 Failure Cost Model / 373

14.3.2 Unit Failure Cost Estimation / 374

14.3.3 Annual Investment Cost Model / 375

14.3.4 Present Value Approach / 375

14.3.5 Procedure of Spare-Equipment Analysis / 376

14.4 Example 1: Determining Number and Timing of Spare

Transformers / 376

14.4.1 Transformer Group and Data / 376

14.4.2 Spare-Transformer Analysis Based on Group Failure

Probability / 377

14.4.3 Spare-Transformer Plans Based on the Probabilistic Cost

Model / 378

14.4.4 Summary / 381

14.5 Example 2: Determining Redundancy Level of 500 kV

Reactors / 381

14.5.1 Problem Description / 381

14.5.2 Study Conditions and Data / 383

14.5.3 Redundancy Analysis / 385

14.5.4 Summary / 387

14.6 Conclusions / 387

15 Asset Management Based on Condition Monitoring

and Risk Evaluation 389

15.1 Introduction / 389

15.2 Maintenance Strategy of Overhead Lines / 390

15.2.1 Risk Evaluation Using Condition Monitoring Data / 391

15.2.2 Overhead Line Maintenance Strategy / 397

15.2.3 Case Study / 399

15.2.4 Summary / 401

15.3 Replacement Strategy for Aged Transformers / 402

15.3.1 Transformer Aging Failure Unavailability Using

Condition Monitoring Data / 403

15.3.2 Transformer Replacement Strategy / 407

15.3.3 Case Study / 410

15.3.4 Summary / 413

15.4 Conclusions / 414

16 Reliability-Based Transmission-Service Pricing 417

16.1 Introduction / 417

16.2 Basic Concept / 418

16.2.1 Incremental Reliability Value / 419

16.2.2 Impacts of Customers on System Reliability / 420

16.2.3 Reliability Component in Price Design / 421

16.3 Calculation Methods / 422

16.3.1 Unit Incremental Reliability Value / 422

16.3.2 Generation Credit for Reliability Improvement / 423

16.3.3 Load Charge for Reliability Degradation / 423

16.3.4 Load Charge Rate Due to Generation Credit / 424

16.4 Rate Design / 424

16.4.1 Charge Rate for Wheeling Customers / 424

16.4.2 Charge Rate for Native Customers / 425

16.4.3 Credit to Generation Customers / 425

16.5 Application Example / 425

16.5.1 Calculation of the UIRV / 427

16.5.2 Calculation of the GCRI / 427

16.5.3 Calculation of the LCRD / 427

16.5.4 Calculation of the LCRGC / 428

16.5.5 Calculations of Charge Rates / 428

16.6 Conclusions / 430

17 Voltage Instability Risk Assessment and Its

Application to System Planning 431

17.1 Introduction / 431

17.2 Method of Assessing Voltage Instability Risk / 432

17.2.1 Maximum Loadability Model for System States / 432

17.2.2 Models for Identifying Weak Branches and Buses / 436

17.2.3 Determination of Contingency System States / 443

17.2.4 Procedure of Calculating Voltage Instability Risk

Indices / 444

17.3 Tracing and Locating Voltage Instability Risk for Planning

Alternatives / 447

17.4 Case Studies / 448

17.4.1 Results of the IEEE 14-Bus System / 448

17.4.2 Results of the 171-Bus Utility System / 453

17.5 Conclusions / 456

18 Probabilistic Transient Stability Assessment 459

18.1 Introduction / 459

18.2 Probabilistic Modeling and Simulation Methods / 460

18.2.1 Selection of Pre-Fault System States / 460

18.2.2 Fault Models / 461

18.2.3 Monte Carlo Simulation of Fault Events / 463

18.2.4 Transient Stability Simulation / 464

18.3 Procedure / 464

18.3.1 Procedure for the First Type of Study / 465

18.3.2 Procedure for the Second Type of Study / 465

18.4 Examples / 465

18.4.1 System Description and Data / 465

18.4.2 Transfer Limit Calculation in the Columbia River

System / 470

18.4.3 Generation Rejection Requirement in the Peace River

System / 472

18.4.4 Summary / 475

18.5 Conclusions / 475

Appendix A Basic Probability Concepts 477

A.1 Probability Calculation Rules / 477

A.1.1 Intersection / 477

A.1.2 Union / 477

A.1.3 Full Conditional Probability / 478

A.2 Random Variable and Its Distribution / 478

A.3 Important Distributions in Risk Evaluation / 479

A.3.1 Exponential Distribution / 479

A.3.2 Normal Distribution / 479

A.3.3 Log-Normal Distribution / 481

A.3.4 Weibull Distribution / 481

A.3.5 Gamma Distribution / 482

A.3.6 Beta Distribution / 483

A.4 Numerical Characteristics / 483

A.4.1 Mathematical Expectation / 483

A.4.2 Variance and Standard Deviation / 484

A.4.3 Covariance and Correlation Coeffi cients / 484

A.5 Nonparametric Kernel Density Estimator / 485

A.5.1 Basic Concept / 485

A.5.2 Determination of the Bandwidth / 486

Appendix B Elements of Monte Carlo Simulation 489

B.1 General Concept / 489

B.2 Random Number Generators / 490

B.2.1 Multiplicative Congruent Generator / 490

B.2.2 Mixed Congruent Generator / 491

B.3 Inverse Transform Method of Generating Random Variates / 491

B.4 Important Random Variates in Risk Evaluation / 492

B.4.1 Exponential Distribution Random Variate / 492

B.4.2 Normal Distribution Random Variate / 493

B.4.3 Log-Normal Distribution Random Variate / 494

B.4.4 Weibull Distribution Random Variate / 494

B.4.5 Gamma Distribution Random Variate / 495

B.4.6 Beta Distribution Random Variate / 495

Appendix C Power Flow Models 497

C.1 AC Power Flow Models / 497

C.1.1 Power Flow Equations / 497

C.1.2 Newton–Raphson Method / 497

C.1.3 Fast Decoupled Method / 498

C.2 DC Power Flow Models / 499

C.2.1 Basic Equation / 499

C.2.2 Line Flow Equation / 500

Appendix D Optimization Algorithms 503

D.1 Simplex Methods for Linear Programming / 503

D.1.1 Primal Simplex Method / 503

D.1.2 Dual Simplex Method / 505

D.2 Interior Point Method for Nonlinear Programming / 506

D.2.1 Optimality and Feasibility Conditions / 506

D.2.2 Procedure of the Algorithm / 508

Appendix E Three Probability Distribution Tables 511

References 515

Further Reading 523

Index 525

Product Details

ISBN:
9781118686706
Author:
Li, Wenyuan
Publisher:
Wiley-IEEE Press
Subject:
Electricity
Subject:
Power Technology & Power Engineering
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Electricity-General Electricity
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Subject:
Wenyuan Li; Probabilistic Transmission System Planning; Risk Assessment; Power System; IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering; Mo El-Hawary; Smart Grid; Fuzzy Risk Evaluation; WAMCS; Wide Area Measurement and Control System; Condition Monitoring; Voltage
Copyright:
Edition Description:
WOL online Book (not BRO)
Series:
IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering
Publication Date:
20131231
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Language:
English
Pages:
560
Dimensions:
242.6 x 162.6 x 33.5 mm 30.72 oz

Related Subjects

Business » Investing
Science and Mathematics » Electricity » General Electricity
Science and Mathematics » Electricity » General Electronics
Science and Mathematics » Energy » General

Risk Assessment of Power Systems: Models, Methods, and Applications (IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering) New Hardcover
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Product details 560 pages Wiley-IEEE Press - English 9781118686706 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Risk Assessment of Power Systems addresses the regulations and functions of risk assessment with regard to its relevance in system planning, maintenance, and asset management. Brimming with practical examples, this edition introduces the latest risk information on renewable resources, the smart grid, voltage stability assessment, and fuzzy risk evaluation. It is a comprehensive reference of a highly pertinent topic for engineers, managers, and upper-level students who seek examples of risk theory applications in the workplace.
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