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Other titles in the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security series:
Safety, Reliability and Risks Associated with Water, Oil and Gas Pipelines (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental)by Guy Pluvinage
Synopses & Reviews
Pipes are of major importance for transport of liquids and gas mainly for water, natural gas and oil. The total length of gas pipes in the world is estimated at one million kilometres for gas transport (pipes with a diameter of 80 to 1000 mm). Pipelines remain the least expensive transcontinental mean of transport compared to rail-bound or terrestrial transport. It has become increasingly paramount to ensure the safe utilisation of such plant in order to prevent economical, social and ecological losses. From a technical point of view, pipelines are complicated three dimensional structures that include straight pipes, nozzles, pipe-bends, dissimilar welded joints, etc. In addition, their operating conditions can be quite severe, that is, internal pressure and cyclic loading (vibration) combined with the influence of internal and external corrosive environments. The external defects, e.g., corrosion defects, gouge, foreign object scratches, and pipeline erection activities are major failure reasons of gas pipelines. All these types of defects and associated failure are described.
Leak and fracture of pipes is assumed to be done by initiation and propagation of defect and final failure when defect has reached a critical length.
In this book, the three two major defect assessment tools for pipes are presented:
i) the failure assessment diagram and particularly the SINTAP procedure,
ii) limit analysis,
iii) strain design approach
Methods of defect repair are based on investigation findings. Methods such as welded sleeve, repair clamp composite sleeve, grinding, pipe replacement are described.
Springer has here produced a major debut in English-language publications. It's the first book to describe very recent methods for pipe defect assessment such as notch fracture mechanics and critical gross strain. Pipelines remain the least expensive transcontinental mean of transport compared to the rail-bound or terrestrial transport. It has become increasingly paramount to ensure the safe utilization of such plant in order to prevent economical, social and ecological losses. This book adds much to the body of knowledge in this area.
Table of Contents
Preface.- General Approaches of Pipeline Defect Assessment; G. Pluvinage.- Application of Sintap to the Failure Assessment of a Gas Pipes; N. Gublejak.- Interaction between Material Properties, Inspection Accuracy and Defect Acceptance Levels in Strain Based Pipeline Design; R. Denys.- Failure of Cylindrical Shells: Numerical and Experimental Study; A. Elhakimi et al.- Leak Detection by Using the Impedance Method; E.H. Taieb.- Corrosion Fatigue Cracking and Failure Risk Assessment of Pipelines; I. Dmytrakh.- Initiation of Stress Corrosion Cracking and Hydrogen Induced Crackin in Oil and Gas Line-Pipe Steels; M.T. Shehata et al.- Failure Analysis of Polyethylene Gas Pipes; K. Chaoui et al.- Stable and Unstable Crack Growth in Pipes; V.T. Sapunov.- Some Insights into the Fatigue Crack Propagation in Tubes under Internal Pressure - Proposition of Predicting Models; T. Boukharouba et al.- Hydrogen Effect on Fatigue Life of a Pipe Steel; J.. Capelle et al.- The Experience on Safety, Reliability and Risk Assessment of Some Ukrainian, Russian and Latvian Transite Pipe Lines; A. Krasowsky.- Reliability Assessment of Pipelines Using Phimeca Software; A. Amirat et al.- On a New Software Project for Welding Simulations of Pipes (Fabrications, Repairs...) and for the Evaluation of Fatigue Behavior of Pipes in Service; K. Dang-Van, F. Roger.- Welded Penstock, Produced of High Strength Steel and Application of Fracture Mechanics Parameters to Structural Integrity Assessment; S. Sedmak, A. Sedmak.- The Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of a Joint Pipe System Calculated by Finite Element Method; H-J. Shi et al.- Degradation of the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Pipeline Material Depending on Exploitation Term; S. Vodenicharov.- Deformation Characteristics of Carbon Steels under High Temperatures; R. Barseghyan, A. Barseghyan.- Fracture Mechanics Analysis of Repairing a Cracked Pressure Pipe with a Composite Sleeve; P. Jodin.- Review of Gas Transmission Pipeline Repair Methods; R. Batisse.-
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