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Other titles in the Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physic series:

Ancient Astronomical Observations and the Study of the Moon S Motion (1691-1757) (Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physic)

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Ancient Astronomical Observations and the Study of the Moon S Motion (1691-1757) (Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physic) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Historians of astronomy, historians of the ancient world, and astronomers will be enriched by the unique and captivating topics covered in this book. This volume contains the first detailed study of the use of ancient and medieval astronomical observations in order to investigate the moon's secular acceleration--from its discovery by Edmond Halley to the establishment of the magnitude of the acceleration by Richard Dunthorne, Tobias Mayer and Jérôme Lalande in the 1740s and 1750s. The discovery of a gradual acceleration in the moon's mean motion by Halley in the last decade of the seventeenth century sparked a revival of interest in reports of astronomical observations from antiquity. These observations provided the only means with which to study the moon's 'secular acceleration' as this newly-discovered acceleration became known. John M. Steele tells the story of how the secular acceleration of the moon was discovered, the reception of its discovery, and the first attempts to determine its size of the acceleration from historical data. Additionally, this study addresses the wider question of how ancient and medieval astronomy was viewed in the eighteenth century; particularly European perceptions of ancient Greek, Arabic, Babylonian, and Chinese astronomy. Making extensive use of previously unstudied manuscripts, this book explores how different astronomers used the same small body of preserved ancient observations in different ways in their work on the secular acceleration.

Synopsis:

The discovery of a gradual acceleration in the moon's mean motion by Edmond Halley in the last decade of the seventeenth century led to a revival of interest in reports of astronomical observations from antiquity. These observations provided the only means to study the moon's 'secular acceleration', as this newly-discovered acceleration became known. This book contains the first detailed study of the use of ancient and medieval astronomical observations in order to investigate the moon's secular acceleration from its discovery by Halley to the establishment of the magnitude of the acceleration by Richard Dunthorne, Tobias Mayer and Jérôme Lalande in the 1740s and 1750s. Making extensive use of previously unstudied manuscripts, this work shows how different astronomers used the same small body of preserved ancient observations in different ways in their work on the secular acceleration. In addition, this work looks at the wider context of the study of the moon's secular acceleration, including its use in debates of biblical chronology, whether the heavens were made up of æther, and the use of astronomy in determining geographical longitude. It also discusses wider issues of the perceptions and knowledge of ancient and medieval astronomy in the early-modern period. This book will be of interest to historians of astronomy, astronomers and historians of the ancient world.

Table of Contents

Preface.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Edmond Halley's Discovery of the Secular Acceleration of the Moon.- 3. A Forgotten Episode in the History of the Secular Acceleration: William Whiston, Arthur Ashley Sykes and the Eclipse of Phlegon.- 4. The Gradual Acceptance of the Existence of the Secular Acceleration During the 1740s.- 5. Eighteenth Century Views of Ancient Astronomy.- 6. The First Detailed Study of the Moon's Secular Acceleration: Richard Dunthorne.- 7. An Integrated Approach: Tobias Mayer.- 8. The Final Synthesis: Jérôme Lalande.- 9. Epilogue.- References.- Index.​

Product Details

ISBN:
9781461421481
Author:
Steele, John M.
Publisher:
Springer
Subject:
History
Subject:
ancient astronomy
Subject:
Lunar motion
Subject:
secular acceleration
Subject:
History of Mathematical Sciences
Subject:
Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
Subject:
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Subject:
History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
Subject:
Astronomy - General
Copyright:
Edition Description:
2012
Series:
Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences
Publication Date:
20120229
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Language:
English
Pages:
168

Related Subjects


Science and Mathematics » Astronomy » General
Science and Mathematics » Mathematics » History
Science and Mathematics » Physics » General

Ancient Astronomical Observations and the Study of the Moon S Motion (1691-1757) (Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physic) New Hardcover
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$160.50 In Stock
Product details 168 pages Springer - English 9781461421481 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , The discovery of a gradual acceleration in the moon's mean motion by Edmond Halley in the last decade of the seventeenth century led to a revival of interest in reports of astronomical observations from antiquity. These observations provided the only means to study the moon's 'secular acceleration', as this newly-discovered acceleration became known. This book contains the first detailed study of the use of ancient and medieval astronomical observations in order to investigate the moon's secular acceleration from its discovery by Halley to the establishment of the magnitude of the acceleration by Richard Dunthorne, Tobias Mayer and Jérôme Lalande in the 1740s and 1750s. Making extensive use of previously unstudied manuscripts, this work shows how different astronomers used the same small body of preserved ancient observations in different ways in their work on the secular acceleration. In addition, this work looks at the wider context of the study of the moon's secular acceleration, including its use in debates of biblical chronology, whether the heavens were made up of æther, and the use of astronomy in determining geographical longitude. It also discusses wider issues of the perceptions and knowledge of ancient and medieval astronomy in the early-modern period. This book will be of interest to historians of astronomy, astronomers and historians of the ancient world.
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