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Boone: A Biographyby Robert Morgan
Synopses & Reviews
This commanding biography from New York Times bestselling author Robert Morgan transforms a mythic American hero — a legend in his own time — into a flesh-and-blood man. Morgan's sweeping biography of Daniel Boone is the story of America — its ideals, its promise, its romance, and its destiny. It is the most comprehensive book ever written about the man who was the largest spirit of his time. Hunter, explorer, settler, he was a trailblazer and a revolutionary — an American icon for more than two hundred years.
Born in 1734, Boone participated in the colonization of North America, the settling of the Middle Plain, the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War, the election of his friend as the first president of the United States, the Louisiana Purchase, and the Westward Expansion. Unlike others of his time, he had a reverence for the Indians, who taught him how to hunt, navigate, and survive in the impenetrable wilderness. He accomplished feat after impossible feat yet was also accused of treason, fraud, hypocrisy; was court-martialed; and was sued for debt again and again. By the end of his life, most of his land claims had been lost to lawyers, politicians, and better businessmen than he.
Extensive endnotes, fascinating cultural and historical background material, maps, illustrations, and an index underscore the scope of this distinguished and immensely entertaining work by a writer who, like novelist-turned-historian Shelby Foote, has the talent and the knowledge to make this legendary American come vividly to life.
"The story of Daniel Boone, Robert Morgan writes in this comprehensive and deeply sympathetic biography, 'is the story of America,' and he's right. He argues, further, that by the time Boone was in his mid-50s, his great pioneering exploits well in his past, staggering under self-inflicted debt and repeatedly failing in business ventures, he may have sensed as much himself: 'By 1788... Washington Post Book Review (read the entire Washington Post review) the irony could not have been lost on Boone that he, as much as any other single human being, had helped create the world that was now repugnant to him, so raging and relentless in growth and greed. And he must have seen, perhaps for the first time, the contradiction and conflict at the heart of so much of his effort: to lead white people into the wilderness and make it safe for them was to destroy the very object of his quest. The paradox had been present in almost everything he had done, and yet he had ignored or misunderstood it. Whenever the recognition came to him, it must have been sobering, for he had to see that his genius and his talents virtually canceled each other out. Wherever he went, many others would follow. He wanted to enjoy and keep the object of his desire at the same time. For all his achievements and fame, his kindness and compassion, cunning and knowledge, Boone had made a fool of himself, too. He had acted the fool, and he must have come to that hard view of his life.' Obviously, this interpretation is shaped to some measure by present-day attitudes toward the environment and also by Morgan's own writing about his beloved North Carolina mountains, but it is rooted in Boone himself. It was, after all, Boone who was happiest when he was alone in the unspoiled and previously unknown (to whites) wilderness, who was forever driven to move westward, who famously said that he left Kentucky because he needed elbow room — this when the territory was populated by no more than a few thousand settlers. The irony of Boone's story is indeed the irony (though scarcely the only one) of the American story: that we flocked to the newfound land because of its wide open spaces, astonishing beauty and immense natural riches, but in so doing we assured their exploitation and, too often, their despoilment. None of that is what Boone sought, and one can only shudder to think what he would say about what has since become of the land he so exuberantly explored; Morgan is right to see his life as colored by ambiguity as well as by triumph. Morgan knows, though, that nearly two centuries after his death, Boone remains a central figure in American legend and that his 'story and character stand up remarkably well under critical scrutiny.' He actually was what legend says he was: 'Boone's character has some of the resilience shown in history by his contemporaries Washington, Franklin, Jefferson, Adams, and Hamilton. They seem to be figures that we need in our history and in our image of ourselves, and no amount of quibbling and skepticism diminishes their stature very much.' But, unlike these contemporaries, Boone is as much 'a figure of American folklore' as of American history: 'Boone has been thought by many to be virtually a fictional character, subject of tall tales like Mike Fink the Keelboatman, or even Paul Bunyan,' and it is 'hard to rescue figures like Daniel Boone and Johnny Appleseed from the distortions of television and Walt Disney.' Morgan's biography is just such a rescue job, and a wholly successful one. It is a trifle too long, and its occasional lapses into repetitiousness (the point about the irony of Boone's story, for example, is made at least a half-dozen times) suggest an inattentive editor, but the thoroughness and authority of 'Boone: A Biography' are beyond dispute. Though there have been many biographies of Boone — most recently, Michael A. Lofaro's well-received 'Daniel Boone: An American Life' (2003) — this one strikes me as ideally suited to today's reader with its vivid descriptive passages (Morgan is, after all, a novelist and poet), its persuasive portrait of Boone and its firm sense of his place in American history: 'Fifty years after Boone explored Kentucky and relished its wilderness for two years (1769-71) without returning to the settlements, the Hudson River painters captured something of his transcendental view of the mountains and rivers in their art. Boone saw nature as both fact and fable, and every cloud and sunset, tree and blade of grass, as instance of both the real and the ideal, physical and spiritual. Everyone who ever interviewed him mentioned his calm and his poise. The sense of the spiritual was something he shared with the Indians and likely learned, in part, from them. ... like Washington, like Lincoln later, Boone inspired the craving for an ideal self, with Quaker tolerance for others, reliant and integrious, with a large capacity for wonder and reaching out toward the new and mysterious, brave but cautious, sociable, diplomatic, calm in the face of danger. A lover of song and reading, a notoriously erratic speller.' He was born in 1734 in Pennsylvania, moved a decade and a half later with his large family to Virginia and then to the Yadkin Valley of North Carolina, which remained his home base for many years. By his late teens, Boone 'became widely known in the Yadkin area as an expert trapper and hunter, a deadly marksman,' and these became the pursuits he most loved. In 1756 he married Rebecca Bryan — he was 19, she 15 — who 'must have been one of the hardiest and most resilient and resourceful women in American history.' Their marriage was fruitful and deeply happy. Though there is reason to suspect that each of them may have strayed during his long absences, the depth of their love cannot be overestimated, nor can her importance to him: 'Boone's life cannot be imagined without Rebecca.' In the spring of 1769, Boone secured his place in American history by leading a party of six through a defile 'sharp as a gunsight cut into the mountains.' It was the Cumberland Gap (now a national historical park), and the moment rapidly became legend: 'the image of a man finding his way through a narrow gap into the Eden of Kentucky and leading others there, guaranteeing that the new nation about to be born would extend over the mountains and encompass the West. Whatever other deeds he did or did not do, this is the image that has stuck.' Eventually, he returned with a larger band of settlers, Rebecca included. In George Caleb Bingham's great painting, 'Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers Through the Cumberland Gap,' she sits serenely on a white horse while Daniel grips the reins and a stalwart dog points the way. In the years to come, he led numerous other parties, founded the settlement called Boonesborough, served as a representative of the Kentucky territory in the Virginia legislature, and spent a great deal of time in the company of Indians. In 1778 he was captured by the Shawnees and adopted as a son of the chief — he was given the name Sheltowee, 'Big Turtle' — and stayed peaceably among them for four months before escaping. Over the years he had his difficulties with Indians, but he claimed to have killed only one. 'His aplomb and steadiness, ease and gracefulness, as well as his marksmanship and skill, gave him an extraordinary rapport with the Indians,' Morgan writes. 'Of famous white Americans, only Sam Houston appears to have had a comparable knack for fitting in with Native peoples.' By the late 1770s, he was 'a patriarch, one of the best-known men on the frontier.' Then, in 1783, a schoolteacher named John Filson came West, intending 'to write a book about Kentucky and make a map of the region that would sell well and bring even more investors and settlers to the West.' That book, 'The Discovery, Settlement and Present State of Kentucke,' published in 1784, included a chapter entitled 'The Adventures of Col. Daniel Boon,' with which Boone enthusiastically cooperated. It made him famous nationally and internationally, established the framework of the Boone legend and 'has been a classic of frontier literature ever since.' The remaining 36 years of Boone's life saw him beset by debt and litigation — 'the old woodsman seemed constitutionally unable to stay out of debt' — but he remained serene. Accompanied by several members of their family, he and Rebecca moved to Missouri in 1799. He became 'a wise and resigned old man' who 'seemed to wax more romantic and affectionate than ever toward Native Americans, remembering them as a people of honor and compassion,' recalling 'mostly the good things from his many encounters, transactions, and captivities with Native Americans' while not speaking about the violence to which he had been witness. It cannot be said that at his death in 1820 he passed into American legend, because he was already there. Jonathan Yardley's e-mail address is yardleyj(at symbol)washpost.com." Reviewed by Jonathan Yardley, Washington Post Book World (Copyright 2006 Washington Post Book World Service/Washington Post Writers Group)
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"[An] absorbing and stirring chronicle of the great frontiersman....Outstanding." Booklist (starred review)
"A beautifully written biography of American scout Daniel Boone as a frontier Moses, leading his people over the western mountains to the rich promised lands of Kentucky....Strongly recommended." Library Journal (starred review)
Book News Annotation:
He led whites into the wilds of Virginia, North Carolina and Kentucky, but he preferred to live as a Native American and as a woodsman. He is known for the gentle pursuits of naturalists but also fought in the French and Indian War and the American Revolution and served in the contentious Virginia legislature. He was a successful landowner and his ten surviving children gave him 68 grandchildren. Lastly, he was an American icon but died penniless. Poet and novelist Morgan (English, Cornell U.) cuts through the myths and firmly places Daniel Boone within his proper personal and historical contexts, ably explaining the apparent contradictions. Morgan also gives fascinating insights into Boone's inadvertent influence on the development of Romanticism, his perceptions of western expansion and his role in it, and his involvement in Freemasonry and its influences on his perceptions of his mission and identity. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
The story of Daniel Boone is the story of America—its ideals, its promise, its romance, and its destiny. Robert Morgan reveals the complex character of a frontiersman whose heroic life was far stranger and more fascinating than the myths that surround him.
Particular events define a life that becomes legend. For George Washington it was the winter at Valley Forge. For Benjamin Franklin it began with a key on a kite string. For Daniel Boone it was finding his way through the wilderness to that narrow mountain gap into Kentucky in 1769, guaranteeing that the nation about to be born would extend to the west.
In this rich, authoritative biography, Robert Morgan offers a wholly new perspective on a man who has been an American icon for more than two hundred years—a hero as important to American history as his more political contemporaries Washington and Franklin.
Born in 1734 in Pennsylvania to English Quaker colonists, Daniel Boone led hundreds of settlers west over the Cumberland Gap into Kentucky and the Ohio Valley, and, finally, to Missouri, where he died penniless at the age of eighty-six, having lost his holdings to lawyers and politicians and better businessmen.
Morgan reminds us that Boone was more than a trailblazer: he fought in the French and Indian War and in the American Revolution; he served in the Virginia Legislature; he was a Freemason; he was a settler, landowner, and sometime surveyor; and his reverence for life in the wilderness inspired Romantic writers like Wordsworth, Bartram, Byron, Whitman—inspired Romanticism itself.
Boone was the first great American frontier hero—he cherished the land, and while he wanted to settle it, he also longed to conserve its wildness. Almost alone among his fellow settlers, Daniel Boone revered, studied, and emulated the Native American way of life, especially in the preservation of land resources. But his own claim for himself was much simpler: "I am a woodsman."
Robert Morgan's Boone sets the reader squarely down in those eighteenth-century American woods to meet a living, breathing Daniel Boone, ultimate American pioneer, dreamer, visionary.
The story of Daniel Boone is the story of America—its ideals, its promise, its romance, and its destiny. Bestselling, critically acclaimed author Robert Morgan reveals the complex character of a frontiersman whose heroic life was far stranger and more fascinating than the myths that surround him.
This rich, authoritative biography offers a wholly new perspective on a man who has been an American icon for more than two hundred years—a hero as important to American history as his more political contemporaries George Washington and Benjamin Franklin. Extensive endnotes, cultural and historical background material, and maps and illustrations underscore the scope of this distinguished and immensely entertaining work.
About the Author
Robert Morgan, author of the award-winning novel Gap Creek, is a native of the North Carolina mountains, where he was raised on land settled by his Welsh ancestors.
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