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Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries 9; Proceedings.by J. D. Vienna
Synopses & Reviews
In today's world of increasingly stringent environmental regulations, it is critical to identify and adequately address environmental issues in the ceramic industry to ensure success. In addition, ceramics and glasses play a critical role in the nuclear industry. Nuclear fuels and waste forms for low-level and high-level radioactive, mixed, and hazardous wastes are primarily either ceramic of glass. Effective and responsible environmental stewardship is becoming increasingly more important in the world. These proceedings detail the results of the ongoing effort in these areas.
Book News Annotation:
Two symposia conducted during the American Ceramic Society's April 2003 annual meeting focused on the use of ceramics in energy and environment restoration and on energy conservation and environmental issues in ceramics and manufacturing. Thirty-five of the papers from those symposia are here presented by Vienna (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) and Spearing (Los Alamos National Laboratory), who have organized the contributions into sections on ceramics for waste or nuclear applications, melter processing and process monitoring, waste vitrification programs, glass formulation and property models, and alternate waste forms and processes. Individual subjects include iron- substituted barium hollandite ceramics for cesium immobilization, characterization and dissolution of high level waste calcine in alkali borosilicate glass, a review of the French waste vitrification program, composition effects on the vapor hydration of waste glasses, and characterization and performance of fluidized bed steam reforming product as a final waste form.
Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Table of Contents
Ceramics For Waste or Nuclear Applications.
Uranium Valences in Perovskite CaTiO3 (E.R. Vance, M.L. Carter, Z. Zhang, K.S. Finnie, S.J. Thomson, B.D. Begg).
Iron-Substituted Barium Hollandite Ceramics for Cesium Immobilization (F. Bart, G. Leturcq, H. Rabiller).
Hollandite-Rich Titanate Ceramics Prepared by Melting in Air (M.L. Carter, E.R. Vance, H. Li).
Hyperfine Interaction Study of Short Range Order in Zircon (H. Jaeger, K. Pletzke, J.M. Hanchar).
Scale-Up of Lithium Aluminate Pellet Manufacturing with a Flowable Powder (G. Hollenberg, L. Bagaassen, R. Kurosky, D. Tonn, W. Carty).
Melter Processing and Process Monitoring.
Laboratory Measurement of Glass Melting Rate (D.F. Bickford).
Analysis of Feed Melting Processes (J. Matyas, P. Hrma, D.-S. Kim).
Electron Equivalents Redox Model for High Level Waste Vitrification (C.M. Jantzen, D.C. Koopman, C.C. Herman, J.B. Pickett, J.R. Zamecnik).
Sulfate Retention during Waste Glass Melting (P. Hrma, J.D. Vienna, W.C. Buchmiller, J.S. Ricklefs).
The Characterization and Dissolution of High Level Waste Calcine in Alkali Borosilicate Glass (S. Morgan, P.B. Rose, R.J. Hand, N.C. Hyatt, W.E. Lee, C.R. Scales).
Summary of Results from 786-A Minimelter Run with Marcobatch 3 (Sludge Batch 2) Baseline Feed Using Frit 320 (M.E. Smith, D.H. Miller).
Numerical Models of Waste Glass Melters Part I-Lumped Parameter Analysis of DWPF (H.N. Guerrero, D.F. Bickford).
Numerical Models of Waste Glass Melters Part II-Computational Modeling of DWPF (H.N. Guerrero, D.F. Bickford, H. Naseri-Neshat).
Tailored Electrical Driving as a Means of Controlling Heat Distribution and Convection Patterns in Joule-Heated Waste Glass Melters (J.A. Fort, D.L. Lessor).
Effects of Poly(Acrylic Acid) on the Rheological Properties of Aqueous Melter Feed Slurries for Nuclear Waste Vitrification (H. Zhao, I.S. Muller, I.L. Pegg).
Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave Monitoring of Refractory Walls (B. Varghese, R. Zoughi, C. DeConink, M. Velez, R. Moore).
Combustion Control Experimentations at a Pilot Scale Glass Furnace (S. Keyvan, R.A. Rossow, M. Velez, W.L. Headrick, R.E. Moore, C. Romero).
Waste Vitrification Programs.
Completion of the Vitrification Campaign at the West Valley Demonstration Project (R.A. Palmer, H.M. Houston, A.J. Misercola).
Review of the French Vitrification Program (R. Do Quang, P. Mougnard, C. Ladirat, A. Prodhomme).
Examination of DWPF Melter Materials After 8 Years of Service (D.C. Iverson, K.J. Imrich, D.F. Bickford, J.T. Gee, C.F. Jenkins, F.M. Heckendorn).
Testing to Demonstrate Regulatory Compliance of Glass Waste Forms for Immobilization of Radioactive Wastes at the Hanford Site (D.B. Blumenkranz, S. Kelly, D.J. Swanberg, C.A. Musick).
Cold Crucible Induction-Heated Melter Test Results with Surrogate DOE High-Level Wastes (C.C. Herman, D.F. Bickford, D.K. Peeler, R. Goles, J.D. Vienna, A. Aloy, S. Stafanovsky, D. Gombert, J. Richardson).
Crucible-Scale Vitrification Studies with Hanford Tank AZ-102 High Sulfate-Containing Low Activity Waste (C.L. Crawford, R.F. Schumacher, D.M. Ferrara, N.E. Bibler).
Glass Formulation and Property Models.
Preliminary Glass Development and Testing for In-Container Vitrification of Hanford Low-Activity Waste (J.D. Vienna, D.-S. Kim, M.J. Schweiger, P. Hrma, J. Matyás, J.V. Crum, D.E. Smith).
Evaluation of Melt Rate through Higher Waste Loading (T.H. Lorier, P.S. McGrier).
Spinel Crystallization in HLW Glass Melts: Cation Exchange Systematics and the Role of Rh2O3 in Spinel Formation (S. Annamalai, H. Gan, M. Chaudhuri, W.K. Kot, I.L. Pegg).
Composition Effects on the Vapor Hydration of Waste Glasses (A.C. Buechele, F. Lofaj, I.S. Muller, C.T.F. Mooers, I.L. Pegg).
Glass Composition-TCLP Response Model for Waste Glasses (D.-S. Kim, J.D. Vienna).
Alternate Waste Forms and Processes.
Iron Phosphate Glass for Immobilization of Hanford LAW (C.W. Kim, D. Zhu, D.E. Day, D.-S. Kim, J.D. Vienna, D.K. Peeler, T.E. Day, T. Neidt).
Characterization and Performance of Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) Product as a Final Waste Form (C.M. Jantzen).
Microstructure of Emulsion-Based Polymeric Waste Forms for Encapsulating Low-Level, Radioactive and Toxic Metal Wastes (R. Evans, A. Quach, G. Xia, B.J. Zelinski, W.P. Ela, D.P. Birnie III, A.E. Sáez, H.D. Smith, G.L. Smith).
Leach Resistance of Encapsulated Salts in Polymeric Waste Forms Fabricated Using an Aqueous-Based Route (A. Quach, G. Xia, R. Evans, A.E. Sáez, B.J. Zelinski, H. Smith, G. Smith, D.P. Birnie III, W.P. Ela).
Thermal Processing Optimization for Simulated Hanford Waste Glass (AZ 101) (A. Giordana, W.G. Ramsey, T.F. Meaker, B. Kauffman, M. McCarthy, K. Guilbeau, J.D. Smith, F.S. Miller, T. Sanders, E.W. Bohannan, J. Powell, M. Reich, J. Jordan, L. Ventre, R.E. Barletta, A.A. Ramsey, G. Maise, B. Manowitz, M. Steinberg, F. Salzano).
Aging Behavior of a Sodalite Based Ceramic Waste Form (J.F. Jue, S.M. Frank, T.P. OHolleran, T.L. Barber, S.G. Johnson, K.M. Goff, W. Sinkler).
Process for Selective Removal and Concentration of Actinides and Heavy Metals from Water by B.P. Kiran, A.W. Apblett).
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