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The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evilby Philip Zimbardo
Synopses & Reviews
What makes good people do bad things? How can moral people be seduced to act immorally? Where is the line separating good from evil, and who is in danger of crossing it?
Renowned social psychologist Philip Zimbardo has the answers, and in The Lucifer Effect he explains how–and the myriad reasons why–we are all susceptible to the lure of “the dark side.” Drawing on examples from history as well as his own trailblazing research, Zimbardo details how situational forces and group dynamics can work in concert to make monsters out of decent men and women.
Zimbardo is perhaps best known as the creator of the Stanford Prison Experiment. Here, for the first time and in detail, he tells the full story of this landmark study, in which a group of college-student volunteers was randomly divided into “guards” and “inmates” and then placed in a mock prison environment. Within a week the study was abandoned, as ordinary college students were transformed into either brutal, sadistic guards or emotionally broken prisoners.
By illuminating the psychological causes behind such disturbing metamorphoses, Zimbardo enables us to better understand a variety of harrowing phenomena, from corporate malfeasance to organized genocide to how once upstanding American soldiers came to abuse and torture Iraqi detainees in Abu Ghraib. He replaces the long-held notion of the “bad apple” with that of the “bad barrel”–the idea that the social setting and the system contaminate the individual, rather than the other way around.
This is a book that dares to hold a mirror up to mankind, showing us that we might not be who we think we are. While forcing us to reexamine what we are capable of doing when caught up in the crucible of behavioral dynamics, though, Zimbardo also offers hope. We are capable of resisting evil, he argues, and can even teach ourselves to act heroically. Like Hannah Arendt’s Eichmann in Jerusalem and Steven Pinker’s The Blank Slate, The Lucifer Effect is a shocking, engrossing study that will change the way we view human behavior.
A distinguished psychologist presents a disturbing, insightful analysis of the human capacity for evil, explaining how and why everyone is susceptible to the power of evil, the power of group dynamics and situational pressures to transform human behavior, the significance of disobedience and the true nature of heroism, and guidelines for overcoming human nature. 12,500 first printing.
About the Author
Philip Zimbardo is professor emeritus of psychology at Stanford University and has also taught at Yale University, New York University, and Columbia University. He is the co-author of Psychology and Life and author of Shyness, which together have sold more than 2.5 million copies. Zimbardo has been president of the American Psychological Association and is now director of the Stanford Center on Interdisciplinary Policy, Education, and Research on Terrorism. He also narrated the award-winning PBS series Discovering Psychology, which he helped create. In 2004, he acted as an expert witness in the court-martial hearings of one of the American army reservists accused of criminal behavior in the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq. His informative website, www.prisonexperiment.org is visited by millions every year. Visit the author’s personal website at www.zimbardo.com.
Table of Contents
1 The psychology of evil : situated character transformations — 2 Sunday's surprise arrests — 3 Let Sunday's degradation rituals begin — 4 Monday's prisoner rebellion — 5 Tuesday's double trouble : visitors and rioters — 6 Wednesday is spiraling out of control — 7 The power to parole — 8 Thursday's reality confrontations — 9 Friday's fade to black — 10 The SPE's meaning and messages : the alchemy of character transformations — 11 The SPE : ethics and extensions — 12 Investigating social dynamics : power, conformity, and obedience — 13 Investigating social dynamics : deindividuation, dehumanization, and the evil of inaction — 14 Abu Ghraib's abuses and tortures : understanding and personalizing its horrors — 15 Putting the system on trial : command complicity — 16 Resisting situational influences and celebrating heroism.
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