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Fortress #9: English Civil War Fortificationsby Peter Harrington
Synopses & Reviews
The techniques of European warfare were transformed during the 15th and 16th centuries by the use of gunpowder and by substantial progress in the effectiveness and destructive power of artillery. The series of conflicts in the 1640s, known collectively as the English Civil War, was the first in the British Isles that reflected this new reality. Sieges that aimed at isolating and reducing fortified places became the dominant instrument for prosecuting the war and protective fortifications were vital, for both the besieged as well as the besieger. This title describes how both the Parliamentarians and the Royalists made use of new fortification techniques throughout the course of this conflict.
A study of the fortifications used in England during the Civil War. It covers the defences of London and Oxford, as well as looking at castles, earthworks and field fortifications. The author also traces the development of new defence systems that were developed by engineers such as De Gomme.
When Civil War broke out in England in 1642, most English towns and castles required re-fortification. The introduction of gunpowder during the 15th and 16th centuries had facilitated the development of more powerful artillery than had ever been seen before, and existing fortifications proved incapable of withstanding the force of a gunpowder-aided assault. This book concentrates on the fortifications that were established along the old Roman roads that formed the main lines of communication during the war, as well as the defence of England's two capital cities - Parlimentarian London and Royalist Oxford.
About the Author
Peter Harrington is Curator of the Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection at Brown University Library in Providence, Rhode Island, USA. A native of Manchester, England, his research interests include the archaeology of the English Civil War, and artists and war, and he has written numerous articles and books.
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History and Social Science » Europe » Great Britain » General History