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Chemical Technology: An Integral Textbook (Coursesmart)

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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

This textbook provides an integral and integrated treatment of industrial-relevant problems for students of both chemistry and chemical engineering.

As such, this work combines the four disciplines of chemical technology - chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering and general chemical technology - and is organized into two main parts. The first covers the fundamentals, as well as the analysis and design of industrial processes, while the second section presents 20 concrete processes, exemplifying the inherent applied nature of chemical technology. These are selected so that they all differ with respect to at least one important aspect, such as the type and design of the reactor, the chemistry involved or the separation process used. As a result, readers will recapitulate, deepen and exercise the chemical and engineering principles and their interplay, as well as being able to apply them to industrial practice.

Instructive figures, rules of thumb for swift but reliable estimating of parameters, data of chemical media, and examples utilizing data from industrial processes facilitate and enhance the study process. A small general survey of selected modern trends, such as multifunctional and micro reactors, or new solvents for homogeneous catalysis, such as ionic liquids, point out to the reader that this is not a concluded discipline, but a developing field with many challenges waiting to be solved.

Synopsis:

This textbook provides an integral and integrated treatment of industrial-relevant problems for students of both chemistry and chemical engineering.

As such, this work combines the four disciplines of chemical technology - chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering and general chemical technology - and is organized into two main parts. The first covers the fundamentals, as well as the analysis and design of industrial processes, while the second section presents 20 concrete processes, exemplifying the inherent applied nature of chemical technology. These are selected so that they all differ with respect to at least one important aspect, such as the type and design of the reactor, the chemistry involved or the separation process used. As a result, readers will recapitulate, deepen and exercise the chemical and engineering principles and their interplay, as well as being able to apply them to industrial practice.

Instructive figures, rules of thumb for swift but reliable estimating of parameters, data of chemical media, and examples utilizing data from industrial processes facilitate and enhance the study process. A small general survey of selected modern trends, such as multifunctional and micro reactors, or new solvents for homogeneous catalysis, such as ionic liquids, point out to the reader that this is not a concluded discipline, but a developing field with many challenges waiting to be solved.

Synopsis:

This textbook integrates the four disciplines of chemical technology: chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering and general chemical technology. It covers not only the design of chemical reactors but also the pre- and post-treatment of feedstock and products and thereby provides a deep insight into industrial relevant problems. The two main parts include:

- The fundamentals of chemical technology as well as the analysis and design of industrial processes.

- The presentation and analysis of 30 important industrial processes.

This book is both chemical engineering for chemists as well as chemistry for chemical engineers.

About the Author

Andreas Jess studied at the Technical University of Aachen and wrote his thesis on the optimization of isomerization processes. He obtained his PhD from the University of Karlsruhe and in 1998 he became professor for technical chemistry in Aachen. Since 2001 Jess is owner of the chair of Chemical Engineering at the University of Bayreuth. His research interest is the optimization of well established chemical processes and the development and implementation of new methods and techniques.


Peter Wasserscheid studied chemistry at the Technical University of Aachen and obtained his PhD for the work on the use of ionic liquids. After a postdoc at BP Chemicals in Great Britain Wasserscheid returned to Aachen. In 2001 he became Scientific Supervisor of the Solvent Innovation Company and since 2003 he owns the chair of Chemical Reaction Engineering at the University of Nürnberg. At present he researches the development of concepts for highly selective catalytic processes.

Table of Contents

Preface XVII

Notation XXI

1 Introduction 1

1.1 What is Chemical Technology? 1

1.2 The Chemical Industry 2

2 Chemical Aspects of Industrial Chemistry 7

2.1 Stability and Reactivity of Chemical Bonds 7

2.2 General Classification of Reactions 10

2.3 Catalysis 19

3 Thermal and Mechanical Unit Operations 39

3.1 Properties of Gases, Liquids, and Solids 40

3.2 Heat and Mass Transfer in Chemical Engineering 65

3.3 Thermal Unit Operations 93

3.4 Mechanical Unit Operations 151

4 Chemical Reaction Engineering 175

4.1 Main Aspects and Basic Definitions of Chemical Reaction Engineering 176

4.2 Chemical Thermodynamics 182

4.2.1 Introduction and Perfect Gas Equilibria 183

4.3 Kinetics of Homogeneous Reactions 200

4.4 Kinetics of Fluid–Fluid Reactions 216

4.5 Kinetics of Heterogeneously Catalyzed Reactions 226

4.6 Kinetics of Gas–Solid Reactions 268

4.7 Criteria used to Exclude Interphase and Intraparticle Mass and Heat Transport Limitations in Gas–Solid Reactions and Heterogeneously Catalyzed Reactions 282

4.8 Kinetics of Homogeneously or Enzyme Catalyzed Reactions 287

4.9 Kinetics of Gas–Liquid Reactions on Solid Catalysts 291

4.10 Chemical Reactors 296

4.11 Measurement and Evaluation of Kinetic Data 379

5 Raw Materials, Products, Environmental Aspects, and Costs of Chemical Technology 407

5.1 Raw Materials and Energy Sources 408

5.2 Inorganic Products 457

5.3 Organic Intermediates and Final Products 459

5.4 Environmental Aspects of Chemical Technology 509

5.5 Production Costs of Fuels and Chemicals Manufacturing 517

6 Examples of Industrial Processes 525

6.1 Ammonia Synthesis 525

6.2 Syngas and Hydrogen 536

6.3 Sulfuric Acid 558

6.4 Nitric Acid 568

6.5 Coke and Steel 587

6.6 Basic Chemicals by Steam Cracking 604

6.7 Liquid Fuels by Cracking of Heavy Oils 616

6.8 Clean Liquid Fuels by Hydrotreating 624

6.9 High Octane Gasoline by Catalytic Reforming 633

6.10 Refinery Alkylation 652

6.11 Fuels and Chemicals from Syngas: Methanol and Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis 662

6.12 Ethylene and Propylene Oxide 695

6.13 Catalytic Oxidation of o-Xylene to Phthalic Acid Anhydride 706

6.14 Hydroformylation (Oxosynthesis) 716

6.15 Acetic Acid 739

6.16 Ethylene Oligomerization Processes for Linear 1-Alkene Production 749

6.17 Production of Fine Chemicals (Example Menthol) 763

6.18 Treatment of Exhaust Gases from Mobile and Stationary Sources 773

6.19 Industrial Electrolysis 786

6.20 Polyethene Production 803

References 817

Index 833

Product Details

ISBN:
9783527304462
Author:
Jess, Andreas
Publisher:
Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH
Author:
Wasserscheid, Peter
Author:
Kragl, Udo
Subject:
Chemistry - Technical & Industrial
Subject:
Industrial chemistry
Subject:
homogeneous catalysis, ionic liquids, multifunctional reactors, micro reactors, chemical engineering, mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering, chemical technology
Subject:
Chemistry - General
Subject:
homogeneous catalysis, ion
Subject:
ic liquids, multifunctional reactors, micro reactors, chemical engineering, mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering, chemical technology
Subject:
homogeneous catalysis, ionic liquids, multifunctional reactors, micro reactors, chemical engineering, mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering, ch
Subject:
emical technology
Subject:
homogeneous catalysis, ionic liquids, multifunc
Subject:
tional reactors, micro reactors, chemical engineering, mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering, chemical technology
Copyright:
Series:
CourseSmart
Publication Date:
20120814
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Language:
English
Pages:
888
Dimensions:
250 x 1 x 150 mm 24 oz

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Science and Mathematics » Chemistry » Chemical Engineering
Science and Mathematics » Chemistry » General

Chemical Technology: An Integral Textbook (Coursesmart) New Hardcover
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$114.50 Backorder
Product details 888 pages Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH - English 9783527304462 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , This textbook provides an integral and integrated treatment of industrial-relevant problems for students of both chemistry and chemical engineering.

As such, this work combines the four disciplines of chemical technology - chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering and general chemical technology - and is organized into two main parts. The first covers the fundamentals, as well as the analysis and design of industrial processes, while the second section presents 20 concrete processes, exemplifying the inherent applied nature of chemical technology. These are selected so that they all differ with respect to at least one important aspect, such as the type and design of the reactor, the chemistry involved or the separation process used. As a result, readers will recapitulate, deepen and exercise the chemical and engineering principles and their interplay, as well as being able to apply them to industrial practice.

Instructive figures, rules of thumb for swift but reliable estimating of parameters, data of chemical media, and examples utilizing data from industrial processes facilitate and enhance the study process. A small general survey of selected modern trends, such as multifunctional and micro reactors, or new solvents for homogeneous catalysis, such as ionic liquids, point out to the reader that this is not a concluded discipline, but a developing field with many challenges waiting to be solved.

"Synopsis" by , This textbook integrates the four disciplines of chemical technology: chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering and general chemical technology. It covers not only the design of chemical reactors but also the pre- and post-treatment of feedstock and products and thereby provides a deep insight into industrial relevant problems. The two main parts include:

- The fundamentals of chemical technology as well as the analysis and design of industrial processes.

- The presentation and analysis of 30 important industrial processes.

This book is both chemical engineering for chemists as well as chemistry for chemical engineers.

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