This book, devoted to the study of quantum effects in atomic systems, reviews the state of the art in the fields of Bose--Einstein condensation, quantum information processing, and the problems of propagation of matter waves in complex media. The specific topics include: theory and experiments in Bose--Einstein condensation, theory and experiments on decoherence phenomena in simple quantum systems and the connection to quantum measurement, atom interferometry, quantum computing, multiple scattering problems in atomic physics, quantum and nonlinear optics in a photonic band gap and quantum chaos and atomic physics. Pedagogical in style, the articles address PhD students as well as researchers.
Bose--Einstein Condensates in Atomic Gases: Simple Theoretical Results.- Spinor Condensates and Light Scattering from Bose--Einstein Condensates.- Field Theory for Trapped Atomic Gases.- Atom Interferometry.- Mesoscopic Light Scattering in Atomic Physics.- Quantum Chaos in Atomic Physics.- Photonic Band Gap Materials.- Environment-Induced Decoherence and the Transition from Quantum to Classical.- Cavity QED Experiments, Entanglement and Quantum Measurement.- Basic Concepts in Quantum Computation.- Coherent Backscattering of Light from a Cold Atomic Cloud.
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