The welfare state has come under increasing pressure. This raises numerous questions with regard to how to reform it. At an international conference held in Prague, the Czech Republic, a group of experts discussed some important reform issues. Their analyses and proposals are presented in this volume which deals with the following questions: What types of welfare states are there? To what extent does moral hazard limit the provision of social insurance? What are the pros and cons of a negative income tax? What are the characteristics of the Swedish Model of a welfare state? Is this model dead? What are the objectives of the welfare state in Germany? Why and how should a pay-as-you-go old-age pension system be transformed in to a capital reserve system? What trends in reforming health care systems can be observed?
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