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Introduction to Calculus and Analysis, Volume II/2: Chapters 5  8 (Classics in Mathematics)by Richard Courant
Synopses & ReviewsPublisher Comments:Richard Courant was born in 1888 in a small town of what is now Poland, and died in New Rochelle, N.Y. in 1972. He received his doctorate from the legendary David Hilbert in Göttingen, where later he founded and directed its famed mathematics Institute, a Mecca for mathematicians in the twenties. In 1933 the Nazi government dismissed Courant for being Jewish, and he emigrated to the United States. He found, in New York, what he called "a reservoir of talent" to be tapped. He built, at New York University, a new mathematical Sciences Institute that shares the philosophy of its illustrious predecessor and rivals it in worldwide influence. For Courant mathematics was an adventure, with applications forming a vital part. This spirit is reflected in his books, in particular in his influential calculus text, revised in collaboration with his brilliant younger colleague, Fritz John. (P.D. Lax) Fritz John was born on June 14, 1910, in Berlin. After his school years in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland), he studied in Göttingen and received his doctorate in 1933, just when the Nazi regime came to power. As he was halfJewish and his bride Aryan, he had to flee Germany in 1934. After a year in Cambridge, UK, he accepted a position at the University of Kentucky, and in 1946 joined Courant, Friedrichs and Stoker in building up New York University the institute that later became the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. He remained there until his death in New Rochelle on February 10, 1994. John's research and the books he wrote had a strong impact on the development of many fields of mathematics, foremost in partial differential equations. He also worked on Radon transforms, illposed problems, convex geometry, numerical analysis, elasticity theory. In connection with his work in latter field, he and Nirenberg introduced the space of the BMOfunctions (bounded mean oscillations). Fritz John's work exemplifies the unity of mathematics as well as its elegance and its beauty. (J. Moser)
Synopsis:From the reviews: "...one of the best textbooks introducing several generations of mathematicians to higher mathematics. ... This excellent book is highly recommended both to instructors and students." Acta Scientiarum Mathematicarum, 1991
About the AuthorBiography of Richard Courant Richard Courant was born in 1888 in a small town of what is now Poland, and died in New Rochelle, N.Y. in 1972. He received his doctorate from the legendary David Hilbert in Göttingen, where later he founded and directed its famed mathematics Institute, a Mecca for mathematicians in the twenties. In 1933 the Nazi government dismissed Courant for being Jewish, and he emigrated to the United States. He found, in New York, what he called "a reservoir of talent" to be tapped. He built, at New York University, a new mathematical Sciences Institute that shares the philosophy of its illustrious predecessor and rivals it in worldwide influence. For Courant mathematics was an adventure, with applications forming a vital part. This spirit is reflected in his books, in particular in his influential calculus text, revised in collaboration with his brilliant younger colleague, Fritz John. (P.D. Lax) Biography of Fritz John Fritz John was born on June 14, 1910, in Berlin. After his school years in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland), he studied in Göttingen and received his doctorate in 1933, just when the Nazi regime came to power. As he was halfJewish and his bride Aryan, he had to flee Germany in 1934. After a year in Cambridge, UK, he accepted a position at the University of Kentucky, and in 1946 joined Courant, Friedrichs and Stoker in building up New York University the institute that later became the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. He remained there until his death in New Rochelle on February 10, 1994. John's research and the books he wrote had a strong impact on the development of many fields of mathematics, foremost in partial differential equations. He also worked on Radon transforms, illposed problems, convex geometry, numerical analysis, elasticity theory. In connection with his work in latter field, he and Nirenberg introduced the space of the BMOfunctions (bounded mean oscillations). Fritz John's work exemplifies the unity of mathematics as well as its elegance and its beauty. (J. Moser)
Table of ContentsRelations Between Surface and Volume Integrals: Connection Between Line Integrals and Double Integrals in the Plane; Vector Form of the Divergence Theorem. Stokes's Theorem; Formula for Integration by Parts in Two Dimensions: Green's Theorem; The Divergence Theorem Applied to the Transformation of Double Integrals; Area Differentiation; Interpretation of the Formulae of Gauss and Stokes by TwoDimensional Flows; Orientation of Surfaces; Integrals of Differential Forms and of Scalars over Surfaces; Gauss's and Green's Theorems in Space; Appendix: General Theory of Surfaces and of Surface Integrals. Differential Equations: The Differential Equations for the Motion of a Particle in Three Dimensions; The General Linear Differential Equation of the First Order; Linear Differential Equations of Higher Order; General Differential Equations of the First Order; Systems of Differential Equations and Differential Equations of Higher Order; Integration by the Method of Undermined Coefficients; The Potential of Attracting Charges and Laplace's Equation; Further Examples of Partial Differential Equations from Mathematical Physics . Calculus of Variations: Functions and Their Extreme Values of a Functional; Generalizations; Problems Involving Subsidiary Conditions. Lagrange Multipliers. Functions of a Complex Variable: Complex Functions Represented by Power Series; Foundations of the General Theory of Functions of a Complex Variable; The Integration of Analytic Functions; Cauchy's Formula and Its Applications; Applications to Complex Integration (Contour Integration); ManyValued Functions and Analytic Extension. List of Biographical Dates Index
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