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Cooperative Optical Non-Linearity in a Blockaded Rydberg Ensemble (Springer Theses)by Jonathan D. Pritchard
Synopses & Reviews
This thesis describes the first demonstration of a cooperative optical non-linearity based on Rydberg excitation. Whereas in conventional non-linear optics the non-linearity arises directly from the interaction between light and matter, in a cooperative process it is mediated by dipole-dipole interactions between light-induced excitations. For excitation to high Rydberg states where the electron is only weakly bound, the dipole-dipole interactions are extremely large and long range, enabling an enormous enhancement of the non-linear effect. Consequently, cooperative non-linear optics using Rydberg excitations opens a new era for quantum optics enabling large single photon non-linearity to be accessible in free space for the first time. The thesis describes the theoretical underpinnings of the non- linear effect, the pioneering experimental results and implications for experiments in the single photon regime.
This book reviews the first demonstration of a cooperative optical non-linearity based on Rydberg excitation. Covers theoretical aspects of the non-linear effect, pioneering experimental results and implications for experiments in the single photon regime.
Table of Contents
Rydberg Atoms.- Rydberg Atom Interactions.- Atom-Light Interactions.- Cooperative Phenomena.- Experiment Setup.- Results.- Photon Blockade.- Progress Towards a Single Blockade Sphere.
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