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Other titles in the Fandex Family Field Guides series:
50 States: All about America, from Maine to Hawaii (Fandex Family Field Guides)by Tom Craughwell
Ratified the U.S. Constitution:
July 26, 1788 (11th State)
Nickname: Empire Sate
Motto: Excelsior (Ever Upward)
We might as well, admit it right from the start: the city of New York dominates the rest of the state (and there are lots of people in the state who aren't too happy about that). New York City attracts the talented, the energetic, the ambitious and the loud. A financial and cultural powerhouse, it is at once awesome (the skyline), inviting (the restaurants) and infuriating (the traffic). And no matter what you want to do, buy, see or consume, it's better than even money that you'll find it in "the Big Apple."
The state of New York has born on the southernmost tip of the island of Manhattan. Here, in 1626, Peter Minuit struck the city's first shrewd business deal: $24 in trade goods to the Indians for Manhattan. Settlement of the state moved north along the Hudson River, then west into the Mohawk Valley and beyond. New York - the city and the state - has always been the goal of immigrants (in 1645, a visitor found 18 languages spoken among the 400 inhabitants of New Amsterdam). The immigrants are still coming - from Europe, Asia, Central and South America, the Caribbean and Africa.
But the city is just one facet of New York. Long Island has beautiful beaches (the Hamptons, Montauk, Fire Island). Much of the state has varied countryside with verdant mountain forests, fertile valleys, sparkling lakes and rivers. The Adirondack Mountains preserve six million acres of unspoiled wilderness (hikers often go for days without encountering another soul). The Hudson River Valley is remarkable for its natural beauty and its history. Cooperstown is home to baseball's Hall of Fame. The U.S. military Academy at West Point crowns a bluff overlooking the Hudson. And the most famous waterfall in America, Niagara Falls, is found at the western end of the state.
New York is an economic dynamo (the whole world is affected by what happens on Wall Street). The combined assets of New York's brokerage, houses, banks and other financial services are worth more than $1 trillion. The state produces $80 billion in manufactured goods (second only to California). And New York leads the nation in book publishing (three out of four books in the U.S. are published here).
Admitted to the Union: February 14, 1912 (48th state)
Nickname: "Grand Canyon State"
Motto: "Diat Deus" (God enriches)
Bird: Cactus Wren
Arizona is dry. Dry as the desert of Egypt. And as in Egypt, its dry air preserves relics of great civilizations-the fabulous cliff cities of the Anasazi, the petroglyphs in the Canyon de Chelly, the 2,500 ancient sites in Wupatki National Monument.
No one knows the real name of the earliest inhabitants of Arizona. Contemporary Native Americans call them Hohokam, which means "people who
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