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Petroleum Production Systemsby Michael J. Economides
Synopses & Reviews
Well performance evaluation and enhancement are the primary charges of the production engineer. The production engineer has three major tools for well performance evaluation: (1) the measurement of (or sometimes, simply the understanding of) the rate-versus-pressure drop relationships for the flow paths from the reservoir to the separator; (2) well testing, which evaluates the reservoir potential for flow and, through measurement of the skin effect, provides information about flow restrictions in the near-wellbore environmental and (3) production logging measurements or measurements of pressure, temperature, or other properties by permanently installed downhole instruments, which can describe the distribution of flow into the wellbore, as well as diagnose other completion-related problems.
With diagnostic information in hand, the production engineer can then focus on the part or parts of the flow system that may be optimized to enhance productivity. Remedial steps can range from well stimulation procedures such as hydraulic fracturing that enhance flow in the reservoir to the resizing of surface flow lines to increase productivity. This book is aimed at providing the information a production engineer needs to perform these tasks of well performance evaluation and enhancement.
This book offers a structured approach toward the goal defined above. Chapters 2 to 4 present the inflow performance for oil, two-phase, and gas reservoirs. Chapter 5 deals with complex well architecture such as horizontal and multilateral wells, reflecting the enormous growth of this area of production engineering since the first edition of the book. Chapter 6 deals with the condition of the near-wellbore zone, such as damage, perforations, and gravel packing. Chapter 7 covers the flow of fluids to the surface. Chapter 8 describes the surface flow system, flow in horizontal pipes and flow in horizontal wells.. Combination of inflow performance and well performance versus time, taking into account single-well transient flow and material balance, is shown in Chapters 9 and 10. Therefore, Chapters 1 to 10 describe the workings of the reservoir and well systems.
Gas lift is outlines in Chapter 11, and mechanical lift in Chapter 12.
For an appropriate product engineering remedy it is essential that well and reservoir diagnosis be done.
Chapter 13 presents the state-of-the-art in modern diagnosis that includes well testing, production logging, and well monitoring with permanent downhole instruments.
From the well diagnosis it can be concluded whether the well is in need of matrix stimulation, hydraulic fracturing, artificial lift, combinations of the above, or none.
Matrix stimulation for all major types of reservoirs is presented in Chapters 14, 15, and 16, which hydraulic fracturing, is treated in Chapters 17 and 18.
Chapter 19 is a new chapter dealing with advances in sand management.
To simplify the presentation of realistic examples, data for three characteristic reservoir types- and undersaturated oil reservoir, a saturated oil reservoir, and a gas reservoir–are presented in Appendixes. These data sets are used throughout the book.
The Definitive Guide to Petroleum Production Systems–Now Fully Updated With the Industry’s Most Valuable New Techniques
Petroleum Production Systems, Second Edition, is the comprehensive source for clear and fundamental methods for about modern petroleum production engineering practice. Written by four leading experts, it thoroughly introduces modern principles of petroleum production systems design and operation, fully considering the combined behavior of reservoirs, surface equipment, pipeline systems, and storage facilities. Long considered the definitive text for production engineers, this edition adds extensive new coverage of hydraulic fracturing, with emphasis on well productivity optimization. It presents new chapters on horizontal wells and well performance evaluation, including production data analysis and sand management.
This edition features
For sixteen years, students and professionals worldwide have turned to "Petroleum Production Systems" for clear and reliable information about petroleum production engineering. In fact, with massive industry growth in recent years, sales of this classic book have spiked upwards. Now, there's a new Second Edition: extensively revised to reflect the field's latest innovations, with hundreds of new drawings and an entirely new set of examples and problems utilizing Microsoft Excel and PPS software packages. Authored by four of the field's most respected experts, this up-to-the-minute book thoroughly introduces the modern principles petroleum production systems development and operation, considering the combined behavior of reservoirs, surface equipment, pipeline systems, and storage facilities. Readers also learn how to optimize these systems for diverse production schedules using queuing theory, linear programming, and dynamic programming. This edition's many updates include: * Extensive new coverage of hydraulic fracturing, including high permeability fracturing * New sand and water management techniques * An all-new chapter on Production Analysis * New coverage of digital reservoirs and self-learning techniques in an all-new chapter on the "Emerging Oilfield" * New skin correlations and HW flow techniques * Updated coverage of environmental issues, and more
About the Author
Dr. A. Daniel Hill is professor and holder of the Noble Chair in Petroleum Engineering at Texas A&M University. The author of 150 papers, three books, and five patents, he teaches and conducts research in the areas of production engineering, well completions, well stimulation, production logging, and complex well performance.
Dr. Christine A. Ehlig-Economides holds the Albert B. Stevens Endowed Chair and is a full professor of petroleum engineering at Texas A&M University and Senior Partner of Economides Consultants, Inc. Professor Ehlig-Economides provides industry consulting and training and supervises student research in well production and reservoir analysis. She has authored more than 70 papers and journal articles and is a member of the U. S. National Academy of Engineering.
Ding Zhu is Associate Professor and holder of the W. D. Von Gonten Faculty Fellowship in Petroleum Engineering at Texas A&M University. Dr. Ding Zhu’s main research areas include general production engineering, well stimulation, and complex well performance. Dr. Zhu is a coauthor of more than one hundred technical papers and one book.
Table of Contents
1. The Role of Petroleum Production Engineering
2. Production from Undersaturated Oil Reservoirs
3. Production from Two-Phase Reservoirs
4. Production from Natural Gas Reservoirs
5. Multilateral Wells
6. The Near-Wellbore Condition and Damage Characterization; Skin Effects
7. Wellbore Flow Performance
8. Wellhead and Surface Gathering Systems
9. Well Deliverability
10. Forecast of Well Production
11. Carbonate Acidizing Design
12. Hydraulic Fracturing for Well Simulation
13. Modern Well Test Analysis
14. Production Logging Measurements and Analysis
15. Well Diagnosis with Production Logging
16. Pressure Transient Testing with Measured Sandface Flow Rates
17. Hydraulic and High Permeability Fracturing
18. Matrix Simulation-Chemistry of Acid Rock Reactions
19. Sand Management
20. Water Management
21. Production Analysis
22. The Emerging Oilfield
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