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Proton Conductors: Solids, Membranes & Gels; Materials & Devicesby Philippe Colomban
Synopses & Reviews
The present book covers different aspects of proton conduction: the first part describes chemical and physical parameters necessary for fast proton conduction and proposes a classification of different kinds of proton conductors. Comparison is made with other hydrogen containing materials (metals, graphites). The importance of partial water pressure, the role of defects and surface phenomena are discussed. The second part treats the chemistry, structures and electrical properties of typical materials from hydrogen bronzes to polymers via ice, hydroxides, acid sulphates, layer hydrates, clays, gels and porous or fractal media. The third part discusses the methods concerning the proton dynamics from local to macroscopic scale. The fourth part deals with conductivity mechanisms and the last one presents typical applications: electrochemical systems for production or energy storage and microionic devices.
This book aims to give a comprehensive survey of the chemical and physical parameters governing proton conduction. It includes descriptions of the preparation, structures and properties of typical materials (glasses, crystals, ceramics, metals, organic and inorganic polymers) and of devices.
This book gives a comprehensive review of proton conductors, including theory, techniques, the materials themselves and applications.
Table of Contents
Preface; Part I. The Hydrogen Bond and Protonic Species: 1. The proton mobility in solids and molten salts; 2. Protonic species and their structures; 3. Proton conductors: classification and conductivity; 4. Defects, non-stoichiometry and phase transitions; 5. Structural studies of proton conductors: the technical difficulties; 6. Hydrogen in metals; Part II. Materials: Elaboration, Structures and Properties: 7. Structure and characterization of hydrogen insertion compounds of metal oxides; 8. High temperature protonic conductors; 9. Highly ionic hydroxides; 10. Ice; 11. Anhydrous materials; 12. Hydrogen behaviour in graphite-nitric acid intercalation compound; 13. Proton-containing ßand ß' alumina structure type compounds; 14. Proton conduction in Zeolites; 15. Proton containing NASICON phases; B. Layer hydrates; 16. Phosphates and phosphonates of tetravalent metals; 17. Hydrogen uranyl phosphate (HUP) and related materials; 18. From crystalline to amorphous (particle) hydrates; 19. Perfluorinated membranes; 20. Mixed inorganic-organic polymers; Part III. Proton Dynamics and Charge Transport: 21. Incoherent neutron scattering studies of protons conductors; 22. NMR studies of local motions in fast protonic conductors; 23. Vibrational spectroscopy of proton conductors; 24. Raman spectroscopic studies of proton conductors; 25. Frequency dependent conductivity, microwave dielectric relaxation and proton dynamics; 26. Measuring the true proton conductivity; 27. DC techniques and combination techniques; 28. NMR in macroscopic proton mobility in gels and porous media; Part IV. Proton Diffusion Mechanisms: 29. Mobility in hydrogen-containing oxide bronzes; 30. Conductivity mechanisms and models in anhydrous protonic conductors; 31. Conduction mechanisms in materials with volatile molecules; Part V. Devices: 32. Applications of perfluorinated proton conductors; 33. Synthesis principals of polycrystalline H30+ and NH4+ß/ß'Al203 and potential application in steam electrolysis/fuel-cells; 34. Fuel-cells, steam electrolysis for hydrogen production and hydrogen separation using high temperature protonic conductors; 35. Ice-based devices; 36. Solid-state gas sensors operating at room temperature; 37. All solid-state protonic batteries; 38. Applications of proton conductors in electrochromic devices (ECD); 39. Supercapacitors and interfacial charge accumulation devices; Index.
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