The Fictioning Horror Sale

Recently Viewed clear list

Powell's Q&A | September 3, 2014

Emily St. John Mandel: IMG Powell’s Q&A: Emily St. John Mandel

Describe your latest book. My new novel is called Station Eleven. It's about a traveling Shakespearean theatre company in a post-apocalyptic North... Continue »
  1. $17.47 Sale Hardcover add to wish list

    Station Eleven

    Emily St. John Mandel 9780385353304

Qualifying orders ship free.
New Hardcover
Ships in 1 to 3 days
Add to Wishlist
available for shipping or prepaid pickup only
Available for In-store Pickup
in 7 to 12 days
Qty Store Section
3 Remote Warehouse Gardening- Trees Shrubs and Vines

Hydrangeas for American Gardens


Hydrangeas for American Gardens Cover




Blue or pink colors are predicated on the amount of aluminum in the soil solution which can be absorbed by the roots. Although pH is often listed as the agent of color change, it is actually an instigator of (a precursor to) the process. If soils are acid, aluminum is available; if more alkaline, then aluminum is tied up in insoluble forms and not readily available for uptake. So the true story is that high acidity, i.e., low pH, solubilizes (or makes available) aluminum; the reverse occurs at low acidity (high alkalinity), i.e., high pH. Excess phosphorus in the soil will also tie up the aluminum in insoluble precipitates, even in acid soils. Hydrangea macrophylla grown in pine bark medium, pH 5 to 6, are typically pink. Why? The acidity is high, but almost no aluminum is present in the substrate (bark). Soil is composed of minerals, typically aluminum, silicon, iron, etc., and therein resides the difference. So how do growers produce blue hydrangeas in pine bark? Aluminum sulfate is added to the surface of the container at a prescribed rate, usually 0.75 to 1.5 ounces evenly distributed on the surface of the 3-gallon container medium. Greenhouse growers also apply it as a drench at the rate of 2.4 ounces per gallon solution with 8 ounces applied as a drench per 6-inch container. Greenhouse treatments start at budbreak and continue every 2 weeks for three additional applications. Growers have variable timetables for application but in our work as soon as flower buds are visible, a single application at the 1.5 ounce rate per 3-gallon is made. Water thoroughly after application to ensure solubilization of the aluminum and movement into the root zone. Too much is worse than too little: I have dwarfed and killed plants with excessive applications. Hydrangea macrophylla displays a high tolerance to aluminum. Research showed that aluminum complexes with citric acid in the cell sap and may be detoxified in this manner.

Occasionally, elemental sulfur (flowers of sulfur) is recommended for acidifying the soil and thus mobilizing (solubilizing) aluminum. This is a borderline crazy approach and slow to effect the desired change. If the soil pH is high, live with pink, rose, and red hydrangeas — they are beautiful — or create raised beds, laden with acid organic matter, and apply aluminum sulfate that over time will lower pH and supply aluminum for ready blueing. Hydrangea macrophylla or H. serrata, in any shade of pink to red, is satisfying. Consider nature's gift to the garden, accept and enjoy. On the other hand, if soils are acid as lemons, lime may be added to raise the pH if pink, rose, and red flowers are desired.

Product Details

Dirr, Michael A.
Timber Press
Dirr, Michael
Portland, Or.
Flowers - General
United states
Flowers - Roses
Hydrangeas - United States
Gardening-Trees Shrubs and Vines
Edition Description:
Hardback - With dust jacket
Publication Date:
June 1, 2004
Grade Level:
241.3 x 203.2 x 19.05 mm

Other books you might like

  1. Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm... Used Hardcover $34.00
  2. Hydrangeas: A Gardeners' Guide Used Hardcover $8.95
  3. Pocket Guide to Bulbs (Timber Press... Used Trade Paper $5.95
  4. Winter Flowering Shrubs Used Hardcover $18.95
  5. Encyclopedia of Hydrangeas New Hardcover $49.95
  6. The Sixteen Pleasures
    Used Trade Paper $2.95

Related Subjects

Home and Garden » Gardening » Flower Growing
Home and Garden » Gardening » Trees Shrubs and Vines

Hydrangeas for American Gardens New Hardcover
0 stars - 0 reviews
$34.95 In Stock
Product details 236 pages Timber Press (OR) - English 9780881926415 Reviews:
"Review" by , "[A] comprehensive study....Dirr clearly adores hydrangeas, but he doesn't gloss over their occasional problems....Gardeners will find useful advice about which varieties perform best in their part of the United States."
"Review" by , "Dirr's reigning expertise in the realm of trees and shrubs comes through once again."
"Synopsis" by , Respected plantsman Dirr rescues gardeners in a quandary over which species of hydrangea to choose and how to care for it, with a refreshingly forthright and practical guide to these distinctive shrubs and climbers, with 160 color photos.
"Synopsis" by , A refreshingly forthright and practical guide to these distinctive shrubs and climbers.
"Synopsis" by , How to choose from the hundreds of mopheads, lacecaps, oakleafs, and more? Respected plantsman Michael A. Dirr comes to the rescue in his refreshingly forthright style.
  • back to top
Follow us on...

Powell's City of Books is an independent bookstore in Portland, Oregon, that fills a whole city block with more than a million new, used, and out of print books. Shop those shelves — plus literally millions more books, DVDs, and gifts — here at