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1 Burnside Philosophy- General

Evil in Modern Thought: An Alternative History of Philosophy

by

Evil in Modern Thought: An Alternative History of Philosophy Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

"This is a splendid book; it will be widely read and much discussed. Working from the assumption that philosophers ought to attend to 'the questions that brought us here,' Susan Neiman has given us a brilliant reading of those who have done just that. Her history of philosophy is also a philosophical argument: that evil is the central question driving the best modern philosophy, and that it is not only a moral question but a metaphysical one. The book is written with grace and wit; again and again, Neiman writes the kind of sentences we dream of uttering in the perfect conversation: where every mot is bon. This is exemplary philosophy."--Michael Walzer

"A brilliant study of changes in our understanding of evil from the book of Job through the 1755 Lisbon earthquake and on to the Holocaust and September 11. Neiman makes a powerful case for taking that problem as central to the history of modern philosophy, and her analysis of our present resources for coping with evil are provocative as well as profound. It's an immensely illuminating book."--J. B. Schneewind

"In tracing the responses to the problem of evil from the Enlightenment, when the question was why the Lisbon earthquake and the engagés were Voltaire, Leibniz, Pope, and Rousseau, to the present, when it is why Auschwitz and they are Améry, Arendt, Camus, and Adorno, Neiman has made an original and powerful contribution to the analysis of an intractable moral issue: how to live with the fact that neither God nor nature seems concerned with our fate. Succinctly, steadily, and relentlessly written, the history of philosophy as philosophy could hardly be better done."--Clifford Geertz

"Even--or especially--to a nonphilosopher like myself, Susan Neiman's Evil in Modern Thought offers intellectual adventure of a high order. The audacity of her recasting of Western philosophy is matched by its profundity--and frequent wit. Its challenges are as bracing as they are essential. Her intellectual fearlessness deserves the closest and widest attention."--Todd Gitlin

Synopsis:

Evil threatens human reason, for it challenges our hope that the world makes sense. For eighteenth-century Europeans, the Lisbon earthquake was manifest evil. Today we view evil as a matter of human cruelty, and Auschwitz as its extreme incarnation. Examining our understanding of evil from the Inquisition to contemporary terrorism, Susan Neiman explores who we have become in the three centuries that separate us from the early Enlightenment. In the process, she rewrites the history of modern thought and points philosophy back to the questions that originally animated it.

Whether expressed in theological or secular terms, evil poses a problem about the world's intelligibility. It confronts philosophy with fundamental questions: Can there be meaning in a world where innocents suffer? Can belief in divine power or human progress survive a cataloging of evil? Is evil profound or banal? Neiman argues that these questions impelled modern philosophy. Traditional philosophers from Leibniz to Hegel sought to defend the Creator of a world containing evil. Inevitably, their efforts--combined with those of more literary figures like Pope, Voltaire, and the Marquis de Sade--eroded belief in God's benevolence, power, and relevance, until Nietzsche claimed He had been murdered. They also yielded the distinction between natural and moral evil that we now take for granted. Neiman turns to consider philosophy's response to the Holocaust as a final moral evil, concluding that two basic stances run through modern thought. One, from Rousseau to Arendt, insists that morality demands we make evil intelligible. The other, from Voltaire to Adorno, insists that morality demands that we don't.

Beautifully written and thoroughly engaging, this book tells the history of modern philosophy as an attempt to come to terms with evil. It reintroduces philosophy to anyone interested in questions of life and death, good and evil, suffering and sense.

Synopsis:

Examining our understanding of evil from the Inquisition to contemporary terrorism, Susan Neiman explores who we have become in the three centuries since the enlightenment.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

INTRODUCTION 1

CHAPTER ONE: FIRE FROM HEAVEN 14

God's Advocates: Leibniz and Pope 18

Newton of the Mind: Jean-Jacques Rousse u 36

Divided Wisdom: Immanuel Kant 57

Real and Rational: Hegel and Marx 84

In Conclusion 109

CHAPTER TWO: CONDEMNING THE ARCHITECT 113

Raw Material: Bayle's Dictionary 116

Voltaire's Destinies 128

The Impotence of Reason: David Hume 148

End of the Tunnel: The Marquis de Sade 170

Schopenhauer: The World as Tribun l 196

CHAPTER THREE: ENDS OF AN ILLUSION 203

Eternal Choices: Nietzsche on Redemption 206

On Consolation: Freud vs. Providence 227

CHAPTER FOUR: HOMELESS 238

Earthquakes: Why Lisbon? 240

Mass Murders: Why Auschwitz? 250

Losses: Ending Modern Theodicies 258

Intentions: Meaning and Malice 267

Terror: After September 11 281

Remains: Camus, Arendt, Critical Theory, Rawls 288

Origins: Sufficient Reason 314

Notes 329

Bibliography 337

Index 345

Product Details

ISBN:
9780691096087
Subtitle:
An Alternative History of Philosophy
Author:
Neiman, Susan
Author:
n Neiman
Author:
Susa
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Location:
Princeton, N.J.
Subject:
History
Subject:
Ethics & Moral Philosophy
Subject:
Philosophy, modern
Subject:
Good & Evil
Subject:
Good and evil
Subject:
History & Surveys - Modern
Subject:
Modern
Subject:
Philosophy
Subject:
Religion
Subject:
European History
Subject:
Political philosophy
Copyright:
Series:
Princeton Classics
Series Volume:
107-92
Publication Date:
20020721
Binding:
Electronic book text in proprietary or open standard format
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Pages:
376
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in

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Related Subjects

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Evil in Modern Thought: An Alternative History of Philosophy Used Hardcover
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Product details 376 pages Princeton University Press - English 9780691096087 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,

Evil threatens human reason, for it challenges our hope that the world makes sense. For eighteenth-century Europeans, the Lisbon earthquake was manifest evil. Today we view evil as a matter of human cruelty, and Auschwitz as its extreme incarnation. Examining our understanding of evil from the Inquisition to contemporary terrorism, Susan Neiman explores who we have become in the three centuries that separate us from the early Enlightenment. In the process, she rewrites the history of modern thought and points philosophy back to the questions that originally animated it.

Whether expressed in theological or secular terms, evil poses a problem about the world's intelligibility. It confronts philosophy with fundamental questions: Can there be meaning in a world where innocents suffer? Can belief in divine power or human progress survive a cataloging of evil? Is evil profound or banal? Neiman argues that these questions impelled modern philosophy. Traditional philosophers from Leibniz to Hegel sought to defend the Creator of a world containing evil. Inevitably, their efforts--combined with those of more literary figures like Pope, Voltaire, and the Marquis de Sade--eroded belief in God's benevolence, power, and relevance, until Nietzsche claimed He had been murdered. They also yielded the distinction between natural and moral evil that we now take for granted. Neiman turns to consider philosophy's response to the Holocaust as a final moral evil, concluding that two basic stances run through modern thought. One, from Rousseau to Arendt, insists that morality demands we make evil intelligible. The other, from Voltaire to Adorno, insists that morality demands that we don't.

Beautifully written and thoroughly engaging, this book tells the history of modern philosophy as an attempt to come to terms with evil. It reintroduces philosophy to anyone interested in questions of life and death, good and evil, suffering and sense.

"Synopsis" by , Examining our understanding of evil from the Inquisition to contemporary terrorism, Susan Neiman explores who we have become in the three centuries since the enlightenment.
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