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Law Not War September 15, 2001 How we love our country! For days now, we Americans, while mourning and shuddering, have felt the accumulating weight of our patriotic devotion. We are joined in the shocking recognition of what a rare and precious treasure is the United States of America. Our nation's sudden vulnerability makes us shrug off, just as suddenly, the habit of taking for granted its nobility. We see it in the throat-choking empty place of the New York skyline, and in the gaping wound of the building beside Arlington Cemetery. We see it in the grimy faces of the resolute rescue workers, and in the implication that doomed airline passengers fought back against hijackers. We see it in the splendid diversity of our features, our accents, our beliefs, our responses even. Never has the national motto seemed more true: out of many, one. But so far our main expression of this intense patriotism has been oddly in tension with its inner meaning, for the thing we treasure above all about America at this moment is the way it measures its hope by principles of democracy, tolerance, law, respect for the other, and even social compassion. Our supreme patriotic gesture in this crisis has been a nearly universal call for war, and indeed the growing sentiment for war, fueled by the rhetoric of our highest leaders, may soon be embodied in a formal congressional declaration of war. Before we go much farther, we should think carefully about why we are heading down this path, and where it is likely to lead. Do the rhetoric of war, and the actions it already sets in motion, really serve the urgent purpose of stopping terrorism? And is the launching of war really the only way to demonstrate our love for America? Before going any farther, let me state the obvious. The nearly worldwide consensus that the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington must be met with force is entirely correct. The network of suicidal mass murderers, however large and wherever hidden, must be eliminated. But force can be exercised decisively and overwhelmingly in another context than that of "war." One of the great advances in civilization occurred when human beings found a way to channel necessary violence away from "war" and toward a new, counterbalancing context embodied in the idea of "law." The distinction may seem too fine to be relevant in the aftermath of this catastrophe, but it is after catastrophe that the distinction matters most. The difference between "war" and "law" is not the use of force. The United States of America, with its world allies, should be embarked not on a war but on an unprecedented, swift, sure, and massive campaign of law enforcement. As the term law enforcement implies, the proper use of force would be of the essence of this campaign. Why does this distinction matter? Four reasons: --War, by definition, is an activity undertaken against a political or social entity, while the terrorist network responsible for this catastrophe, from all reports, is a coalition of individuals, perhaps a large one. Law enforcement, by definition, is an activity undertaken against just such individuals or networks. By clothing our response to the terrorist acts in the rhetoric of war, we make it far more likely that members of groups associated by extrinsic factors with the perpetrators (Arabs, Muslims, Afghans, Pakistanis, etc.) will suffer terrible consequences, from being bombed in Kabul to being discriminated against in Boston. Furthermore, the rhetoric of war, as it falls on the ears of such people (a billion Muslims), makes it all the more likely that they will only see America as their enemy.

--War, by definition, is relatively imprecise. Steps can be taken to limit "collateral damage," but the method of war, in fact, is to bring pressure to bear against a hostile power structure by inflicting suffering on the society of which it is part. History shows that once wars begin, violence becomes general. As President Bush threatened, no distinctions are made. In law enforcement, by contrast, distinctions remain of the essence. Law enforcement submits to disciplines that are jettisoned in war. Do we really have the right to jettison such disciplines now?

--War, similarly, is less concerned with procedure than with result; or, more plainly, in war the ends justify the means. In law enforcement, the end remains embodied in the means, which is why procedures are so scrupulously observed in criminal justice activity. To respond to a terrorist's grievous violation of the social order with further violations of that order means the terrorist has won.

--War inevitably generates its own momentum, which has a way of inhumanely overwhelming the humane purposes for which the war is begun in the first place. In the death-ground of combat violence, self-criticism can seem like fatal self-doubt, and so the savage momentum of war is rarely recognized as such until too late. The rule of unintended consequences universally applies in war. Law enforcement, on the other hand, with its system of checks and balances between police and courts, is inevitably self-critical. The moral link between act and consequence is far more likely to be protected. What does "winning" a war against terrorism mean? How has hatred of America become a source of meaning for vast numbers whose poverty already amounts to a state of war? Must a massive campaign of unleashed violence become America's new source of meaning, too? The World Trade Center was a symbol of the social, economic, and political hope Americans treasure, a hope embodied above all in law. To win the struggle against terrorism means inspiring that same hope in the hearts of all who do not have it. How we respond to this catastrophe will define our patriotism, shape the century, and memorialize our beloved dead. Copyright © 2004 James Carroll

Product Details

Chronicles of an Unjust War
Carroll, James
Holt Paperbacks
Political Freedom & Security - Terrorism
Political Freedom & Security - International Secur
War on Terrorism, 2001-
General Current Events
General Political Science
Government - U.S. Government
Iraq War, 2003
Military - Iraq War
American Empire Project
Publication Date:
Electronic book text in proprietary or open standard format
Grade Level:
9 x 6 x 0.686 in

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History and Social Science » Politics » International Studies

Crusade Used Hardcover
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$1.50 In Stock
Product details 304 pages Metropolitan Books - English 9780805077032 Reviews:
"Publishers Weekly Review" by , "The title of this unbridled attack on the Bush administration's response to the September 11 terrorist attacks is ironic. It refers to President George W. Bush's off-the-cuff post — September 11 remark that the United States was about to embark upon 'this crusade, this war on terrorism.' A former Catholic priest, Carroll won a National Book Award for his brutally frank Vietnam War-era memoir, An American Requiem, and is a Boston Globe columnist. His latest book consists of 88 of his columns from September 15, 2001, to March 16, 2004. They are presented chronologically, for the most part, grouped into chapters with short introductions, and they amount to a stinging indictment. Carroll lobs verbal grenade after verbal grenade at the White House, attacking the president for what Carroll terms 'coercive unilateralism.' The Iraq war, Carroll said in a May 2003 column, 'was a pack of lies, and Washington's war on terrorism is a cynical manipulation of fears.' The president, Carroll says, 'betrayed...the young men and women whom he so carelessly sent into harm's way.' Carroll touches upon other aspects of national and world politics, including his opinion of the Mel Gibson film, The Passion of the Christ ('It is a lie. It is sick'), and the Israeli-Palestinian crisis, but the focus here is on the Iraq war. Agent, Don Cutler." Publishers Weekly (Copyright 2004 Reed Business Information, Inc.)
"Review" by , "A journalistic page of glory. With unerring political as well as moral instinct, Carroll has shown that it is possible to see and understand the true nature of awful events — not only afterward, with hindsight, but even as they unfold, when it counts most."
"Review" by , "The war in Iraq has been a victory of moral fervor over moral clarity. The first without the second is a curse on itself and others. James Carroll brings to bear — I hope not too late — the moral clarity we so badly need."
"Review" by , "Devastating and deeply humanistic . . . James Carroll's critiques of our foreign policy offer a unique combination of historical knowledge and moral perspective. For people concerned about the mixture of religion, politics, and terrorism (ours and theirs) in today's world, Carroll is the ultimate guide."
"Review" by , "Crusade is the most compelling report and analysis that we've had yet of the Middle East conflict, specifically Iraq, and all in wonderfully readable style . . . Those who are uncomfortable about our commitment in Iraq as well as those who have made up their minds against it will find here both literate and compelling support."
"Synopsis" by , From Carroll's first rejection of "war" as the proper response to Osama bin Laden, to his prescient verdict of failure in Iraq, to his never-before-published analysis of the faith-based roots of current U.S. policies, this volume by the "Boston Globe" columnist displays his rare insight and scope.
"Synopsis" by ,
"The war in Iraq has been a victory of moral fervor over moral clarity. The first without the second is a curse on itself. James Carroll brings to bear-I hope not too late-the moral clarity we so badly need." -Garry Wills

With the words "this Crusade, this war on terror," George W. Bush defined the purpose of his presidency. And just as promptly, James Carroll-Boston Globe columnist, bestselling author, and respected moral authority-began a week-by-week argument with the administration. In powerful, passionate bulletins, Carroll dissected the President's exploitation of the nation's fears, invocations of a Christian mission, and efforts to overturn America's traditional relations-with other nations and its own citizens.

Combining clear moral consciousness, an acute sense of history, and a real-world grasp of the unforgiving demands of politics, Crusade is a compelling call for the rescue of America's noblest traditions.

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