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Power & Choice: An Introduction to Political Science

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Power & Choice: An Introduction to Political Science Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

This is a comparative, conceptual introduction to political science, organized topically rather than country-by-country, providing in-depth examples at the end of most chapters to provide greater richness about various countries than a topical treatment would normally provide. The theme of "power and choice," based on a definition of politics as the making of collective choices for a group or state through the use of power, runs through much of the text.

Synopsis:

This general, comparative introduction to the major concepts and themes of political science engages students with concrete analytical examples without overwhelming them with excessive detail. In this extensively revised twelth edition, W. Phillips Shively surpasses the high standards he set in prior editions, bringing political science conceptually alive as never before.

About the Author

W. PHILLIPS SHIVELY is Professor of Political Science at the University of Minnesota, where he moved in 1971 after teaching at the University of Oregon and Yale University. He has also served as Visiting Professor at the University of Oslo in Norway. His research, which has appeared in numerous articles, deals with the comparative study of elections, and he has written The Craft of Political Research, an introduction to research techniques. He has also had practical political experience as a lobbyist in Minnesota. His true love is bird-watching.

Table of Contents

Part One: The Idea of Politics

Chapter 1. Politics: Setting the Stage

Politics

Politics as the Making of Common Decisions

Politics as the Exercise of Power

Politics as the Exercise of Choice

Power and Choice

Politics of the State

Political Science

The Pleasures of Politics

Chapter 2. Modern Ideologies and Political Philosophy

American Ideologies

Liberalism

The Conservative Reaction

The Socialist Alternative

Communism and Socialism

Fascism

Ideologies in the Twenty-first Century

Religion, Politics, and Political Philosophy

Political Philosophy in Other Historical Eras

Part Two: The State and Public Policy

Chapter 3. The Modern State

The Development of the Modern State

The Origin of States: Power or Choice?

The State as a Device to Provide Public Goods

"State," "Nation," and the "Nation-State"

State-Building

Government and the State

Challenges to the State

Some Possible Alternatives

Example: State Building in Nigeria

Example: State Building in the European Union

Chapter 4. Policies of the State

The Role of Government in the Third World

Constraints and Conditions for Policy

Defense Policy

Education

Research and Development

Health and Social Welfare

Democracy and Public Policy

The Place of Power in Policy Analysis

Example: The Demographic Challenge

Example: Economic Development Compared with "Human Development"

Example: Uganda: An African AIDS Success Story

Chapter 5. Economic Policy of the State

Economic Performance 1: Growth

Economic Performance 2: Controlling Inflation and Unemployment

Managing Distribution to Address inequality

Independent Central Banks

Corruption

Other Measures Available to Government

Globalization: Are States Losing their Ability to Make Economic Policy?

Political Economy

Example: Economic Policy in Germany

Example: Economic Policy in Indonesia

Chapter 6. What Lies Behind Policy: Questions of Justice and Efficiency

The Problem of Justice

Other Aspects of Justice: Procedural Justice

Effectiveness

A Basic Question of Effectiveness: Authority Versus the Market

The Need to Act, Even Under Uncertainty

Example: Political Choice

Part Three: The Citizen and the Regime

Chapter 7. Democracy and Autocracy

Democracy

The Coming and Going of Democracy

Possible Explanations

What Did We Learn From the Third Wave?

Why Are Prosperous Countries Likely to Be Democracies?

Democracy and Freedom

Democracy and Capitalism

Autocracy

Military Government

Why Aren't There More Military Governments?

One-Party States

Monarchies and Theocracies

Democracy Versus Autocracy: Material Considerations

"Power and Choice" Again

Example: Democratization in Spain

Example: Fragile Democracy in Peru

Example: Theocracy in Iran

Chapter 8. How Individuals Relate to the State, and the State to the Individual

Legitimacy and Authority

Sources of Legitimacy

The "Democratic Citizen"

How Well are These Requirements Met?

Social Capital

Political Culture

An Application of Political Culture: Robert Kagan's Of Paradise and Power

Religion and Politics

Political Socialization

Example: Building Authority and Legitimacy in West Germany After World War II

Example: Declining Democratic legitimacy in the United States

Part Four: The Apparatus of Governance

Chapter 9. Constitutions and the Design of Government

Variations in Formality

The Virtue of Vagueness

Other Principles of Constitutional Design

Constitution-Writing

The Geographic Concentration of Power

"Federal" and "Unitary" States

The Distinction Between "Unitary" and "Centralized" States

How Much Centralization is Good?

Constitutions and Guarantees of Rights

"Constitutionalism" and the Rule of Law

Example: Constitutional Government in Great Britain

Example: Constitutional Government in Russia

Chapter 10. Elections

Elections as a Means of Building Support

Elections as a Means of Selecting Leaders and Policies

Electoral Systems

Referendums

Electoral Participation

Effects of Choice and Information on Turnout

The Paradox of Voting

The Bases of Individuals' Electoral Choices

Example: Proportional Representation Elections in Israel

Example: Elections in Nigeria

Chapter 11. Parties: A Linking and Leading Mechanism in Politics

The Political Party

Origins of the Modern Party

Political Parties and the Mobilization of the Masses

Political Parties and the Recruitment and Socialization of Leaders

Political Parties as a Source of Political Identity

Political Parties as a Channel of Control

Party Organization

Party Finance

Political Party Systems

Power and Choice

Example: The Communist Party of China

Example: Canada's Political Parties

Chapter 12. Structured Conflict: Interest Groups and Politics

Interest Groups and Representation

Types of Interest Groups

Tactics of Interest Groups

Patterns of Organized Interest-Group Activity

Pluralism

Neocorporatism

Pluralism and Neocorporatism: Power and Choice

Example: Interest Groups in France

Example: Interest Groups in Japan: Attenuated Neocorporatism

Chapter 13. Social Movements and Contentious Politics

Why Now?

Social Movements as a Public Goods Problem

Advantages (and Disadvantages) of Informal Organization

Example: The Rubber Tappers of Acre

Example: The "Orange Revolution" in Ukraine

Chapter 14. National Decision-Making Institutions: Parliamentary Government

Head of State

The Cabinet

Cabinet Control

What Does A Parliament Do?

Parliamentary Committees

Advantages and Disadvantages of Parliamentary Government

Let's Make Sure I Haven't Made This Sound Too Simple

"Consensus" Parliamentarism

Parliaments in Autocratic Systems

Example: Parliamentary Government in India

Example: Parliamentary Government in Germany

Chapter 15. National Decision-Making Institutions: Presidential Government

Presidential and Parliamentary Systems Compared

Responsibility for Policy

Presidential Systems and Comprehensive Policy

Recruitment of Executive Leaders

Review and Control of the Executive

Flexibility of the Political Process

The Split Executive of Parliamentary Systems

Why Aren't All Democracies parliamentary Systems?

Democracy and the Question of Accountability

A Note on Institutions and Power

Example: Presidential Hybrid in France

Example: Presidential Government in Mexico

Chapter 16. Bureaucracy and the Public Sector

Public Administration as a Political Problem

Characteristics of Good Public Administration

"Bureaucracy": A Reform of the Nineteenth Century

Bureaucracy Versus Flexibility

The Problem of Protected Incompetence

Adjustments to Bureaucracy

Social Representativeness of Public Administration

Example: The French Bureaucracy

Example: Bureaucratic Cultures in Europe and Africa

Chapter 17. Law and the Courts

Anglo-Saxon Case Law

Continental European Code Law

The Blending of Case Law and Code Law

Religious Law: The Sharia

Courts

Judicial Review

Example: The Law in China

Example: The European Court of Justice

Part Five: International Politics

Chapter 18. Global Politics: Politics Among States (And Others)

The Evolution of the International System Since World War II

The World Since the Cold War

International Politics

The Absence of Central Authority

Fiduciary Political Roles and International Morality

Impediments to Political Communication

Power and International Politics

The Process of International Politics

Power and Choice in International Politics

Example: An International Failure: Rwanda

Example: The United Nations

Appendix: Principles of Political Analysis

Falsifiability

What Makes a Statement Interesting?

Causation and Explanation

Historical Explanation

A Few Common Pitfalls in Analysis

Glossary

Product Details

ISBN:
9780073379036
Author:
Shively, W Phillips
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Langua
Author:
Shively, W. Phillips
Subject:
Political science
Subject:
General
Subject:
General Political Science
Subject:
Politics - General
Copyright:
Publication Date:
December 2009
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
443
Dimensions:
9.00x6.30x.70 in. 1.35 lbs.

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Power & Choice: An Introduction to Political Science Used Trade Paper
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Product details 443 pages McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Langua - English 9780073379036 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , This general, comparative introduction to the major concepts and themes of political science engages students with concrete analytical examples without overwhelming them with excessive detail. In this extensively revised twelth edition, W. Phillips Shively surpasses the high standards he set in prior editions, bringing political science conceptually alive as never before.
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