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Original Essays | September 30, 2014

Benjamin Parzybok: IMG A Brief History of Video Games Played by Mayors, Presidents, and Emperors



Brandon Bartlett, the fictional mayor of Portland in my novel Sherwood Nation, is addicted to playing video games. In a city he's all but lost... Continue »
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Social History of American Technology (97 Edition)

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Social History of American Technology (97 Edition) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

For over 250 years American technology has been regarded as a unique hallmark of American culture and an important factor in American prosperity. Despite this American history has rarely been told from the perspective of the history of technology. A Social History of American Technology fills this gap by surveying the history of American technology from the tools used by the earliest native inhabitants to the technological systems — cars and computers, aircraft and antibiotics — we are familiar with today. Cowan makes use of the most recent scholarship to explain how the unique characteristics of American cultures and American geography have affected the technologies that have been invented, manufactured, and used throughout the years. She also focuses on the key individuals and ideas that have shaped important technological developments. The text explains how various technologies have affected the ways in which Americans work, govern, cook, transport, communicate, maintain their health, and reproduce. Cowan demonstrates that technological change has always been closely related to social development, and explores the multiple, complex relationships that have existed between such diverse social agents as households and businesses, the scientific community and the defense establishment, artists and inventors. Divided into three sections — colonial America, industrialization, the 20th century — A Social History of American Technology is ideal for courses in American social and economic history, as a correlated text for the American history survey, as well as for courses that focus on the history of American technology. It offers students the unique opportunity to learn not only how profoundly technological change has affected the American way of life, but how profoundly the American way of life has affected technology.

Synopsis:

For over 250 years American technology has been regarded as a unique hallmark of American culture and an important factor in American prosperity. Despite this American history has rarely been told from the perspective of the history of technology. A Social History of American Technology fills

this gap by surveying the history of American technology from the tools used by the earliest native inhabitants to the technological systems — cars and computers, aircraft and antibiotics — we are familiar with today. Cowan makes use of the most recent scholarship to explain how the unique

characteristics of American cultures and American geography have affected the technologies that have been invented, manufactured, and used throughout the years. She also focuses on the key individuals and ideas that have shaped important technological developments. The text explains how various

technologies have affected the ways in which Americans work, govern, cook, transport, communicate, maintain their health, and reproduce. Cowan demonstrates that technological change has always been closely related to social development, and explores the multiple, complex relationships that have

existed between such diverse social agents as households and businesses, the scientific community and the defense establishment, artists and inventors. Divided into three sections — colonial America, industrialization, the 20th century — A Social History of American Technology is ideal for courses

in American social and economic history, as a correlated text for the American history survey, as well as for courses that focus on the history of American technology. It offers students the unique opportunity to learn not only how profoundly technological change has affected the American way of

life, but how profoundly the American way of life has affected technology.

Table of Contents

I. IN THE BEGINNING

A Social History of American Technology

1. The Land, the Natives, and the Settlers

The Land and the Native Inhabitants

The European Settlers

The Colonial Economy

Colonial Economic Policy and Technological Change

Conclusion: Quickening the Pace for Technological Change

2. Husbandry and Huswifery in the Colonies

Types of Farms in the Colonial Period

The Technological System of Colonial Agriculture

Conclusion: The Myth of Self-Sufficiency

3. Colonial Artisans

The Apprenticeship System and Labor Scarcity

Printshops and Printers

Mills, Millwrights, and Millers

Iron Foundries and Iron Workers

Conclusion: Reasons for the Slow Pace of Technological Change

II INDUSTRIALIZATION

4. Early Decades of Industrialization

Oliver Evans, Steam Engines, and Machine Shops

Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin

The Armament Industry and the American System of Manufacture

Samuel Slater and the Factory System

Conclusion: The Unique Character of American Industrialization

5. Transportation Revolutions

Transportation Difficulties

Toll Roads and Entrepreneurs

Canal Building and State Financing

Steamboats: Steam Power and State Power

Railroads: Completing a National Transportation System

6. Inventors, Entrepreneurs and Engineers

The Patent System: The Public History of Invention

Inventors: Changes between 1820 and 1920

7. Industrial Society and Technological Systems

Industrialization, Dependency, and Technological Systems

The Telegraph System

The Railroad System

The Telephone System

The Electric System

The Character of Industrialized Society

Conclusion: Industrialization and Technological Systems

8. Daily Life and Mundane Work

Farmers and Unexpected Outcomes

Skilled and Deskilled Workers

Unskilled Workers

Housewives and House Servants

Conclusion: Was Industrialization Good or Bad for Workers?

9. American Ideas about Technology

Technology and Associated Ideas

Precursors to Industrialization

Technology and Romanticism

Acceptance of Romanticism by Advocates of Industrialization

Technology and Art

Conclusion: The Cultural Meanings of Technology

TWENTIETH-CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES

Blessing or Curse?

10. Automobiles and Automobility

Who Invented the Automobile?

Henry Ford and the Mass-Produced Automobile

Alfred P. Sloan and the Mass-Marketed American Automobile

Automobility and the Road System before 1945

Automobility and the Road System after 1945

The Unexpected Consequences of Automobility

11. Taxpayers, Generals and Aviation

The Early Days of Aircraft and the Aircraft Industry

World War II: A Turning Point

The Military-Industrial-Academic Complex

Civilian Spin-offs and the Race into Space

Conclusion: Costs and Benefits of Military Sponsorship

12. Communications Technologies and Social Control

Wireless Telegraphy

Wireless Telephony

Government Regulation of Wireless Communication

Wireless Broadcasting: Radio

Television

Electronic Components: The Vacuum Tube and the Transistor

Computers

COnclusion: The Ultimate Failure of Efforts to Control Electronic Communication

13. Biotechnology

Science, Technology, and Technoscience

Hybrid Corn

Pencillin

The Birth Control Pill

Conclusion

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195046052
Author:
Cowan, Ruth Schwartz
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Author:
Cowan, Ruth Schwartz
Author:
null, Ruth Schwartz
Author:
Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Location:
New York :
Subject:
History
Subject:
United States - General
Subject:
Social aspects
Subject:
Technology
Subject:
History, American | Cultural
Subject:
Technology -- Social aspects -- United States.
Subject:
History of Science-General
Subject:
Education-General
Edition Number:
2
Edition Description:
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Series Volume:
bk. 5
Publication Date:
19970131
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
31 illus.
Pages:
352
Dimensions:
9.24x6.17x.92 in. 1.13 lbs.

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » US History » General
History and Social Science » World History » General
Reference » Science Reference » General
Reference » Science Reference » Philosophy of Science
Reference » Science Reference » Technology
Science and Mathematics » Biology » Zoology » General
Science and Mathematics » Environmental Studies » General
Science and Mathematics » History of Science » General
Science and Mathematics » History of Science » Technology

Social History of American Technology (97 Edition) New Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
$63.45 In Stock
Product details 352 pages Oxford University Press - English 9780195046052 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , For over 250 years American technology has been regarded as a unique hallmark of American culture and an important factor in American prosperity. Despite this American history has rarely been told from the perspective of the history of technology. A Social History of American Technology fills

this gap by surveying the history of American technology from the tools used by the earliest native inhabitants to the technological systems — cars and computers, aircraft and antibiotics — we are familiar with today. Cowan makes use of the most recent scholarship to explain how the unique

characteristics of American cultures and American geography have affected the technologies that have been invented, manufactured, and used throughout the years. She also focuses on the key individuals and ideas that have shaped important technological developments. The text explains how various

technologies have affected the ways in which Americans work, govern, cook, transport, communicate, maintain their health, and reproduce. Cowan demonstrates that technological change has always been closely related to social development, and explores the multiple, complex relationships that have

existed between such diverse social agents as households and businesses, the scientific community and the defense establishment, artists and inventors. Divided into three sections — colonial America, industrialization, the 20th century — A Social History of American Technology is ideal for courses

in American social and economic history, as a correlated text for the American history survey, as well as for courses that focus on the history of American technology. It offers students the unique opportunity to learn not only how profoundly technological change has affected the American way of

life, but how profoundly the American way of life has affected technology.

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