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The Navaho (Harvard Paperbacks)

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The Navaho (Harvard Paperbacks) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

What are the Navaho today? How do they live together and with other races? What is their philosophy of life? Both the general reader and the student will look to this authoritative study for the answers to such questions. The authors review Navaho history from archaeological times to the present, and then present Navaho life today. They show the people's problems in coping with their physical environment; their social life among their own people; their contacts with whites and other Indians and especially with the Government; their economy; their religious beliefs and practices; their language and the problems this raises in their education and their relationships to whites; and their explicit and implicit philosophy.

This book presents not only a study of Navaho life, however: it is an impartial discussion of an interesting experiment in Government administration of a dependent people, a discussion which is significant for contemporary problems of a wider scope; colonial questions; the whole issue of the contact of different races and peoples. It will appeal to every one interested in the Indians, in the Southwest, in anthropology, in sociology, and to many general readers.

This work forms the most thorough-going study ever made of the Navaho Indians, and perhaps of any Indian group. The book was written as a part of the Indian Education Research project undertaken jointly by the Committee on Human Development of the University of Chicago and the United States Office of Indian Affairs. The cooperation of a psychiatrist and anthropologist both in the research for, and in the writing of, this study is noteworthy--as is the fusion of methods and points of view derived from medicine, psychology, and anthropology. Probably no anthropological study has ever been based upon so many years of field work by so many different persons.

Synopsis:

The authors review Navaho history from archaeological times to the present, and then present Navaho life today. This book presents not only a study of Navaho life, however: it is an impartial discussion of an interesting experiment in Government administration of a dependent people, a discussion which is significant for contemporary problems of a wider scope; colonial questions; the whole issue of the contact of different races and peoples.

About the Author

Clyde Kluckhohn, Ph.D., the late Professor of Anthropology at Harvard University, was in almost continuous contact with the Navaho Indians beginning in 1923. In 1942 he became an expert consultant to the United States Office of Indian Affairs. He was the Curator of Southwestern American Ethnology at the Peabody Museum until his death in 1960. He is the author of several books, among them Beyond the Rainbow and Navaho Witchcraft.Dorothea C. Leighton, M.D., a psychiatrist, received with Dr. Alexander Leighton the Joint Post-doctoral Research Training Fellowship of the Social Science Research Council in 1939-40. A Guggenheim Fellowship was also awarded jointly to her and Dr. Leighton. She passed away in 1989. She is co-author with Dr. Leighton of The Navaho Door.Lucy Wales Kluckhohn has done fieldwork in the Southwest and was assistant to the late Clyde Kluckhohn. She is the editor of the revised edition of Indians of the United States by Clark Wissler and, with Richard Kluckhohn, of the revised edition of The Navaho by Clyde Kluckhohn and Dorothea Leighton.

Table of Contents

Foreword

Preface: Indian Education Research Project

Introduction: "The People" and this Study

1. THE PAST OF THE PEOPLE

Before the Dawn of History

The Spanish-Mexican Period [1626-1846]

The American Period [1846- ]

2. LAND AND LIVELIHOOD

The Land is Crowded

Sources of Navaho Livelihood
Livestock, Agriculture, Wild Plants and Animals, Lumber and Minerals, Arts and Crafts, Wage Work, Relief, Average Income.

Navaho Technology
Weaving and Silver Work, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Hunting, Transportation.

Regional Variations in Economy and Technology

The Role of the Government in the Navaho Economy
Soil Conservation and Stock Improvement, Tribal Enterprises, Other Economic Services.

Distribution of the Goods
The Trading Post.

The Future of the Navaho Economy

3. LIVING TOGETHER

What the People Look Like
Physique, Clothing.

The World of the Hogans
"A Room of One's Own," Sleeping and Eating, Cleanliness, Division of Labor, Recreation, Navaho Humor.

Personal Relations in the World of the Hogans
The Biological Family, The Extended Family, Dealing with Kinfolk, Ownership and Inheritance.

Relatives Beyond the Hogan Group
The "Outfit," The Clan, Linked Clans.

The Wider Circle of Personal Relations
Names and Naming, The "Local Group" or "Community," Leadership and Authority, The People as a Tribe.

4. THE PEOPLE AND THE WORLD AROUND THEM

Other Indians

Divisions Among Whites as seen by the People

Traders to the People

The Word of an Alien God

The People and the Government: The Navajo Agency
The Administrative Setup, Education for Navahos, Medical Services and Navaho Health, Law and Order.

The People Participate in Government
The Navajo Council, Tribal Courts.

The Government and the People: Present Problems

Navahos Working in the White World

Between Two Worlds

Navaho Attitudes Toward Whites

5. THE SUPERNATURAL: POWER AND DANGER

Beings and Powers

Ghosts

Witches

The Navaho Theory of Disease

Folk Tales and Myths
Folk Tales, Origin Myth, Rite Myths, Myths and Tales in Daily Life, The Family in Myth and Folklore.

6. THE SUPERNATURAL: THINGS TO DO AND NOT TO DO

Thou Shalt Not

Thou Shalt

Rites of Passage
Birth, Initiation.

Finding Things Out

The Way of Good Hope

Drypaintings

Navaho Ceremonial Music

Curing Chants

Other Rites

7. THE MEANING OF THE SUPERNATURAL

Economic and Social Aspects of Ceremonials
The Cost in Time, The Cost in Money, Cooperation and Reciprocity, Social Functions: the "Squaw Dance" as an Example.

What Myths and Rites Do For The Individual
Prestige and Personal Expression, Curing, Security.

What Myths and Rites Do For The Group

The Gain and Cost of Witchcraft
Anxiety, Aggression, Social Control.

8. THE TONGUE OF THE PEOPLE

Navaho Sounds

Navaho Words

A Quick Glance at Navaho Grammar
Nonverbal Parts of Speech, Navaho Verbs.

By Their Speech Shall Ye Know Them

Why Bother About the Language?
Establishing Good Relations, Dealing with Interpreters, Getting the Navaho Viewpoint.

9. THE NAVAHO WAY OF LIFE

Navaho "Ethics"

Navaho "Values"

Some Premises of Navaho Life and Thought

Seeing Things the Navaho Way

Acknowledgements

Notes and References

Bibliography

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780674606036
Designed:
Kluckhohn, Lucy
With:
Leighton, Dorothea
Designed by:
Kluckhohn, Lucy
Designed:
Kluckhohn, Lucy
Author:
Kluckhohn, Richard
Author:
Kluckhohn, Lucy Wales
Author:
Kluckhohn, Clyde
Author:
Leighton, Dorothea
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Location:
Cambridge :
Subject:
Indians of north america
Subject:
Anthropology - Cultural
Subject:
United States - State & Local
Subject:
Native American Studies - Tribes
Subject:
Navajo Indians
Subject:
Ethnic Studies - Native American Studies - Tribes
Subject:
United States - State & Local - General
Subject:
Americana-General
Subject:
HISTORY / Native American
Copyright:
Edition Number:
Rev. ed. /
Edition Description:
Revised Edition
Series:
Harvard Paperbacks
Series Volume:
OP-65
Publication Date:
January 1992
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
1 map, 12 line illustrations, 2 tables,
Pages:
374
Dimensions:
8 x 6 in 15 oz

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Americana » General
History and Social Science » Anthropology » Cultural Anthropology
History and Social Science » Native American » General Native American Studies
History and Social Science » Native American » Southwest
History and Social Science » US History » General
Home and Garden » Household » Pest Control

The Navaho (Harvard Paperbacks) New Trade Paper
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Product details 374 pages Harvard University Press - English 9780674606036 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , The authors review Navaho history from archaeological times to the present, and then present Navaho life today. This book presents not only a study of Navaho life, however: it is an impartial discussion of an interesting experiment in Government administration of a dependent people, a discussion which is significant for contemporary problems of a wider scope; colonial questions; the whole issue of the contact of different races and peoples.
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