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The Witness House: Nazis and Holocaust Survivors Sharing a Villa During the Nuremberg Trialsby Christiane Kohl
Synopses & Reviews
Autumn 1945 saw the start of the Nuremberg trials, in which high ranking representatives of the Nazi government were called to account for their war crimes. In a curious yet fascinating twist, witnesses for the prosecution and the defense were housed together in a villa on the outskirts of town. In this so-called Witness House, perpetrators and victims confronted each other in a microcosm that reflected the events of the high court. Presiding over the affair was the beautiful Countess Ingeborg Kálnoky (a woman so blond and enticing that she was described as a Jean Harlowe look-alike) who took great pride in her ability to keep the household civil and the communal dinners pleasant. A comedy of manners arose among the guests as the urge to continue battle was checked by a sudden and uncomfortable return to civilized life.
The trial atmosphere extends to the small group in the villa. Agitated victims confront and avoid perpetrators and sympathizers, and high-ranking officers in the German armed forces struggle to keep their composure. This highly explosive mixture is seasoned with vivid, often humorous, anecdotes of those who had basked in the glory of the inner circles of power. Christiane Kohl focuses on the guilty, the sympathizers, the undecided, and those who always manage to make themselves fit in. The Witness House reveals the social structures that allowed a cruel and unjust regime to flourish and serves as a symbol of the blurred boundaries between accuser and accused that would come to form the basis of postwar Germany.
"Kohl, a correspondent for SÃ¼ddeutsche Zeitung and former editor for Der Spiegel, returns to the 1945 Nuremberg trials with this fascinating look at 24 Novalisstrasse, a villa on the outskirts of Nuremberg, which housed the trial witnesses, the prosecution, and the defense. This meant that 'former Nazis and members of the Resistance were under the same roof.' Kohl's detailed account begins with the recruitment by Americans of the 36-year-old Hungarian Countess KÃ¡lnoky as house manager. KÃ¡lnoky, who spoke four languages, was instructed to 'keep things running smoothly,' which she did, often entertaining the 'motley assortment' of guests with her amusing anecdotes and practical jokes, in addition to helping them prepare for courtroom appearances. Because KÃ¡lnoky's book, The Guest House, glossed over certain incidents, Kohl began her own extensive research, conducting interviews with KÃ¡lnoky shortly before her death in 1997 and poring through public archives, private papers, and eyewitness reports. Kohl's skill as a writer has enabled her to create a powerful postwar portrait of life inside the villa amid denials, guilt, and bitter memories. (Oct. 12)" Publishers Weekly (Copyright PWyxz LLC)
Kohl reveals that during the 1945 Nuremberg trials, witnesses for the prosecution and defense were housed together in a villa. In this so-called Witness House, perpetrators and victims confronted each other in a microcosm that reflected the events of the high court.
About the Author
Christiane Kohl has worked as a correspondent to the Cologne Express, a press officer for the Environment Ministry in Hessen, and, from 1988 to 1998, an editor with Der Spiegel. She worked for several years in Rome for Munich’s Süddeutsche Zeitung and is currently the newspaper’s correspondent for eastern Germany. Her book, Der Jude und Das Mädchen (2002), was the basis of Joseph Vilsmaier’s feature film Leo and Claire. She lives in Dresden.
Anthea Bell is a freelance translator from German and French, specializing in fiction. She has won a number of translation awards in the UK, the USA, and Europe. Her translations includeW.G. Sebald’s Austerlitz (and other works by Sebald), a large selection of Stefan Zweig’s novellas and stories, and Wladyslaw Szpilman’s memoir, The Pianist
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History and Social Science » Europe » Germany » Nuremberg Trials