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The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (Barnes & Noble C: An American Slave (Barnes & Noble Classics)

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The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (Barnes & Noble C: An American Slave (Barnes & Noble Classics) Cover

 

 

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From Robert O'Meally's Introduction to Narrative of the Life Frederick Douglass, An American Slave

Crossing Over: Frederick Douglasss Run for Freedom

The very first time I assigned Frederick Douglasss Narrative was in the fall of 1972, in Boston, Massachusetts, when I was teaching a high school equivalency night-course for working adults. I remember the occasion well because one of the students complained to the school director that I was teaching hate. The class had met only once, and we had not yet discussed the book at all, so this student, a white nurses aide in her late twenties, directed her protest against the fiery book itself, which she took to be an attack upon her and all white people in America.

In a peculiarly American turn of events, the director, who like me was an African American, happened also to be one of my friends and hallmates at Harvard, where we both were working on our doctorates. In the night-schools hallway, he told me about the complaint with a long, stern face, and then closed his office door so we could laugh until we nearly fell to the floor. “Ole Brother Douglass is still working them roots,” he said, sliding into the vernacular once we could speak in private. “Go easy on the lady,” he went on. “Gentle her into the twentieth century.”

At that time Douglass was not considered a canonical American author, though he did sometimes turn up in surveys of nineteenth-century writing and in courses with titles like “The Negro in American Literature.” The revolution in black literary studies was just beginning to catch fire; but still at Harvard, for example, there was no course in black literature offered at the graduate level, and the one such undergraduate course, in which I was a teaching assistant, was offered by a linguist through the Afro-American Studies Department. (It was an excellent course.) So it was not a shock that this young woman, a few years older than I and not yet a high school graduate, had never heard of Frederick Douglass. What was surprising was that this slender volume, with its antique figures of speech and rhetorical strategies (as well as literary structures that were so modern they seem to have influenced such creators of modern writing as Hemingway eighty years later) would strike her as so current in its potency that she wanted to swing back at it.

Part of the answer to the mystery of her response is that many of white Bostons citizenry in the early seventies were literally up in arms against the “forced bussing” to and from schools and neighborhoods that had been as firmly closed to blacks and members of other groups considered unwelcome as were their counterparts in Mississippi or Alabama. No doubt my student was as unaccustomed to a black teacher as she was to a black author. (What on earth went through her mind when she discovered that the program director was black, too?!)

Does not this womans bewildered anger indicate that although the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave existed as a mightily effective political weapon, it is much more than a political weapon, which might have dulled over time? That it is also a work of art whose sentences, with their careful twists and balances and their high-speed locomotive drive, continue to evoke a direct, visceral response? Doubtless she felt the power of the books stark, biblical last-first/first-last language: the reverse-English of a man belonging to the group counted last in the American social hierarchy but who nonetheless became a leader of his people—meaning (though clearly my student did not realize it) not just blacks but all Americans and indeed all who love freedom.

With his Narrative, Douglass succeeded in offering his readers, and eventually also historians of American life, an unassailably reliable record of slavery from the viewpoint of one who had been enslaved. (It is important to realize that Douglass could not afford to exaggerate or get any name or detail wrong lest the proponents of slavery leap to declare him a fraud, as they were eager to do in the case of such an accomplished former slave.) But the book also brilliantly performed the aesthetic task of a work of art in depicting how it feels to be a human locked in a struggle against tyrannical odds for freedom and culture; a man seeking a place in a world where no place looks like home. In other words, yes, Douglass was still working those roots.

Douglasss book lures its reader through the unrelenting power of its narrative line—perhaps literatures most irresistible force. It is driven by impulses evidently built into the reflex and bone structure of Homo sapiens, the animal that wants a story. Douglass shapes his story to resonate with certain mythic patterns in the modern world. The Douglass of this narrative is a poor lost boy a long way from home, one who has no home to miss or to which he can return. With no place and nothing to call his own, no name, no birthday, no mother to whom he feels closely attached, no father to nurture or even to acknowledge him, this scarred and battered slave boy is an exile in the land of his birth. What Douglass the hero does not invoke is a sense of special honor or privilege based on lineage. He knows little about his past—either of his unknown white fathers side or his mothers—and, even if he did, could make no claim to either side. This aligns him with many of Americas dispossessed immigrants, black and nonblack, who either were brought to the New World as slaves or who came here under dire economic distress. Having virtually nothing more than his own health, strength, will, and a strong sense that Gods mysterious power is on his side, Douglasss task in the new land will be to improvise—that is, not just to find but to help create—a new way of life, a home at last.

Product Details

ISBN:
9781593080419
Introduction:
O'Meally, Robert
Publisher:
Barnes & Noble Classics
Introduction by:
O'Meally, Robert
Introduction:
O'Meally, Robert
Illustrator:
O'Meally, Robert G.
Author:
O'Meally, Robert G.
Author:
Douglass, Frederick
Subject:
People of Color
Subject:
Ethnic Studies - African American Studies - General
Subject:
United States / Civil War Period (1850-1877)
Subject:
cultural heritage
Subject:
Historical - U.S.
Subject:
Biography - General
Subject:
LITERATURE - LIT CLASSICS TRD PB
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series:
Barnes and Noble Classics
Publication Date:
20050831
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
160
Dimensions:
8 x 5.19 x 0.4 in

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Related Subjects

Biography » General
Biography » Historical
History and Social Science » African American Studies » General
History and Social Science » African American Studies » Slavery and Reconstruction
History and Social Science » Ethnic Studies » General
History and Social Science » Sociology » Slavery
History and Social Science » US History » General
Metaphysics » General

The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (Barnes & Noble C: An American Slave (Barnes & Noble Classics) Used Trade Paper
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Product details 160 pages Barnes & Noble Books-Imports - English 9781593080419 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , In the most seminal slave narrative ever written, Frederick Douglass writes, "From my earliest recollection, I date the entertainment of a deep conviction that slavery would not always be able to hold me within its foul embrace; and in the darkest hours of my career in slavery, this living word of faith and spirit of hope departed not from me, but remained like ministering angels to cheer me through the gloom." Reading this narrative is to witness the birth of new literary presence, one that counts W. E. B. Du Bois, Ralph Ellison, Angela Davis, and Toni Morrison among its progeny. Robert G. O'Meally is Zora Neale Hurston Professor of Literature at Columbia University and the Director of Columbia University's Center for Jazz Studies.
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