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The Portable Enlightenment Reader (Viking Portable Library)

by

The Portable Enlightenment Reader (Viking Portable Library) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

The Age of Enlightenment of the eighteenth century, also called the Age of Reason, was so named for an exultant intellectual movement that shook the foundations of Western civilization. In championing radical ideas such as individual liberty and an empirical appraisal of the universe through rational inquiry and natural experience, Enlightenment philosophers in Europe and America planted the seeds for modern liberalism, cultural humanism, science and technology, and laissez-faire capitalism. This volume brings together the era's classic works, with more than a hundred selections from a broad range of sources—including works by Kant, Diderot, Voltaire, Newton, Rousseau, Locke, Franklin, Jefferson, Madison, and Paine—that demonstrate the pervasive impact of Enlightenment views on philosophy and epistemology as well as on political, social, and economic institutions. Included are seminal discourses on science and religion, on the social contract, on the equality (and inequality) of the sexes and the races, and on economics and markets, as well as homages to nature and sexual pleasure, and poetry and opera librettos that embody the movement's social ideals.

Synopsis:

This volume brings together more than 100 selections of works from the 18th century, including examples from Kant, Diderot, Newton and Locke. They demonstrate the impact of Enlightenment views on philosophy and epistemology as well as on political, social and economic institutions.

Description:

Includes bibliographical references (p. xxv-xxviii)..

About the Author

Isaac Kramnick was born in 1938 and educated at Harvard University, where he received a B.A. degree in 1959 and a Ph.D. in 1965, and at Peterhouse, Cambridge. He has taught at Harvard, Brandeis, Yale and Cornell, where he is now Professor of Government. He is married to Miriam Brody Kramnick and lives in Ithaca, New York. Among his publications are Bolingbroke and His Circle, The Rage of Edmund Burke and numerous articles on eighteenth century topics. He has edited William Godwin’s Enquiry Concerning Political Justice, The Federalist Papers by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay and, with Michael Foot, The Thomas Paine Reader for the Penguin Classics. Most recently he is the author, with Barry Sheerman, MP, of Laski: A Lift on the Left.

Table of Contents

Notes to Introduction

Suggestions for Further Reading

Chronological Table Part One: The Enlightenment Spirit: An Overview What is Enlightenment?

Kant

The Human Mind Emerged from Barbarism

dAlembert

“Encyclopédie”

Diderot

Definition of a Philosophe

Dumarsais

Le mariage de Figaro

Beaumarchais

The Magic Flute

Mozart

The Future Progress of the Human Mind

Condorcet

Part Two: Reason and Nature The New Science

Bacon

Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Newton

The New Physics

Cotes

On Bacon and Newton

Voltaire

The Rat

Buffon

The Utility of Science

Condorcet

The Organization of Scientific Research

Priestley

Letter to Joseph Priestley

Franklin

Part Three: Reason and God On Superstition and Tolerance

Bayle

A Letter Concerning Toleration

Locke

On Enthusiasm

Shaftesbury

The Argument for a Deity

Newton

A Discourse of Free-Thinking

Collins

“If there is a God…;”

Montesquieu

Of Miracles and the Origin of Religion

Hume

Reflections on Religion

Voltaire

Profession of Faith of a Savoyard Vicar

Rousseau

“No need of theology…;only of reason…;”

dHolbach

The Progress of Superstition

Gibbon

Unitarianism

Priestley

“Religion…;my views of it…;”

Jefferson

“Something of my religion…;”

Franklin

The Temple of Reason

The Age of Reason

Paine

Part Four: Reason and Humanity The Mind and Ideas “I think, therefore I am…;”

Descartes

An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Locke

New Essays on Human Understanding

Leibnitz

On Mr. Locke

Voltaire

A Treatise of Human Nature

Hume

Man a Machine

la Mettrie

Of Ideas, Their Generation and Associations

Hartley

The Philosophy of Common Sense

Reid

Treatise on the Sensations

Condillac Education and Childhood Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Locke

Children and Civic Education

Rousseau

Education for Civil and Active Life

Priestley

Manners and Morals The Fable of the Bees

Mandeville

An Essay on Man

Pope

Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure

Cleland

Enjoyment and Tahiti

Diderot

Concerning the Moral Sense

Hutcheson

The Impartial Spectator

Smith

A Treatise on Man

Helvétius

Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals

Kant

The Principle of Utility

Bentham Taste and Art On Wit

Addison

Ideas of Beauty and Virtue

Hutcheson

Discourse on Style

Buffon

Of the Standard of Taste

Hume

The Sublime

Burke

On Theater and Morals

Rousseau

On Custom and Fashion

Smith

The Beautiful and Sublime

Kant

Discourse on Art

Reynolds Part Five: Reason and Society Progress and History The New Science

Vico

The Utility of History

Bolingbroke

History as Guide

Hume

On Progress

Turgot

A Critique of Progress

Rousseau

In Defense of Modernity

Voltaire

The Four-Stage Theory of Development

Smith

The Progressive Character of Human Nature

Ferguson

“How glorious, then, is the prospect…;”

Priestley

The Perfectibility of Man

Condorcet Politics and the State The Second Treatise of Civil Government

Locke

The Spirit of the Laws

Montesquieu

Political Essays

Voltaire

Discourse on the Origin of Inequality

Rousseau

The Social Contract

Rousseau

Common Sense

Paine

The American Declaration of Independence

Benevolent Despotism

Frederick the Great

Federalist No. 10

Madison

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

The Rights of Man

Paine

Enquiry Concerning Political Justice

Godwin

The Economy and Markets The Royal Exchange

Addison

Industry and the Way to Wealth

Franklin

Of Luxury

Hume

The Physiocratic Formula

Quesnay

Economic Liberty

Turgot

The Wealth of Nations

Smith Crime and Punishment The Severity of Criminal Laws

Montesquieu

An Essay on Crimes and Punishments

Beccaria

On Torture and Capital Punishment

Voltaire

The State of Prisons

Howard

“Cases unmeet for punishment…;”

Bentham War and Peace Splendid Armies

Voltaire

“There never was a good war…;”

Franklin

Perpetual Peace

Kant

Gender and Race Some Reflections upon Marriage

Astell

Duties of Women

Rousseau

The Fair Sex

Kant

Women, Adored and Oppressed

Paine(attr.)

“A woman…;gossips much…;”

Mozart

Womens Education

Macaulay

On the Equality of the Sexes

Constantia

The Rights of Woman

de Gouges

Vindication of the Rights of Woman

Wollstonecraft

“Negroes…;naturally inferior to the whites…;”

Hume

Considerations on the Keeping of Negroes

Woolman

The Difference between the Races

Kant

“Who are you, then, to make slaves…;”

Diderot

“Bestial manners, stupidity, and vices…;”

Long

African Slavery in America

Paine

Of Empires and Savages

Gibbon

On Indians and Negroes

Jefferson

“Negro”

Encylopaedia Britannica

The End of Empire

Priestley

Product Details

ISBN:
9780140245660
Editor:
Kramnick, Isaac
Author:
Kramnick, Isaac
Author:
Kramnick, Issac
Author:
Various
Publisher:
Penguin Books
Location:
New York :
Subject:
Philosophy
Subject:
Philosophy, modern
Subject:
History, Criticism, Surveys
Subject:
Europe - General
Subject:
Enlightenment
Subject:
Philosophy, Modern -- 18th century.
Subject:
History & Surveys - General
Subject:
Essays
Subject:
World History-European History General
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Paperback / softback
Series:
Viking Portable Library
Series Volume:
no. 2
Publication Date:
19951231
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
from 12
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
704
Dimensions:
7.79x5.06x1.29 in. 1.10 lbs.
Age Level:
from 18

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Fiction and Poetry » Anthologies » Literature
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History and Social Science » World History » European History General
Humanities » Philosophy » Anthologies
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The Portable Enlightenment Reader (Viking Portable Library) Used Trade Paper
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Product details 704 pages Penguin Books - English 9780140245660 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , This volume brings together more than 100 selections of works from the 18th century, including examples from Kant, Diderot, Newton and Locke. They demonstrate the impact of Enlightenment views on philosophy and epistemology as well as on political, social and economic institutions.
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