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Acts of Faith

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Acts of Faith Cover

ISBN13: 9780375725975
ISBN10: 0375725970
Condition: Standard
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Author Q & A

A Conversation with Philip Caputo author of Acts of Faith

Q: Thirty years ago you crossed the deserts of Sudan in a trip that inspired your novel Horn of Africa. How much time have you spent in Africa since and what inspired you to revisit Africa in Acts of Faith?

A: Several months altogether, spread over time. There was a gap of 25 years between my trip to Sudan and Eritrea and my next visit to sub-Saharan Africa in 2000, when I went to Kenya on an assignment for National Geographic Adventure magazine. A year later, for the same publication, I returned to Kenya to cover the airlift of humanitarian aid into southern Sudan. In the course of that assignment, I also flew into Somalia with bush pilots who were delivering both aid and khat to that country, an interesting juxtaposition of missions. Dope on the morning flight, food, water, and clothes in the afternoon. Well before I arrived in Lokichokio, the Kenyan border town that is headquarters for the UN-sponsored airlift (which was dubbed Operation Lifeline Sudan), I?d heard rumors that some aid pilots and non-governmental organizations were smuggling arms and ammunition to the Sudanese rebels, disguising the shipments as humanitarian assistance. I was able to confirm the rumors. Representatives from one European NGO, which shall remain nameless, told me how they concealed AK-47 assault rifles and rocket-propelled grenade launchers in deliveries of non-lethal aid. Two pilots showed me videos of their planes bringing in tons of mortar and small-arms ammunition. They would fly out of Lokichokio with empty or partially-loaded aircraft, giving false flight plans to the UN authorities at the airfield, then land at clandestine airstrips in Sudan, pick up the weapons, and fly on to rebel base areas. It was supposed to be very hush-hush, and I was made to understand that I ought to keep this information to myself. Of course, as a journalist, I could not do that, and told my sources that I could not. The story appeared in the December, 2001 issue of National Geographic Adventure, and was the inspiration for Acts of Faith.

Q: What kind of research and personal experiences informs this novel?

A: Some of my personal experiences, as described above, went into the writing of the novel, considerably transformed by my imagination. I flew in C-130s on airdrops over Sudan, in planes contracted by independent NGOs on other aid missions. Because Sudan is an immense country and its civil war a complicated conflict, relying on first-hand experiences alone would have required me to spend not weeks or months but possibly years in the country. That was impossible. Therefore, I did a lot of research, interviewing around twenty people ? aid workers, pilots, rebel leaders, Sudanese civilians, and UN officials. I also read roughly thirty books about Sudan, most in their entirety, some in part.

Q: Douglas, Wesley, Fitzhugh, Quinette, Diana and the whole cast of characters are so fully realized it seems they must be in some ways modeled on real people you have encountered in your travels. Without naming names of course, were any of them inspired by people you know?

A: To somewhat arbitrarily assign percentages, I would say that Douglas, Quinette, and Diana are 90 percent imagined and ten percent modeled on real people. With Wesley and Fitzhugh, the split might be closer to fifty-fifty. To expand on this a bit, Quinette was born wholly out of my imagination. In my original conception of Acts of Faith, I had her falling in love with, and eventually marrying, Douglas. I was perhaps 50 pages into an early draft when, in the notes and journal I had kept in Sudan, I came across a story a source had told me about Emma McCune, a young, aristocratic British woman who had married Riek Machar, who had been second in command of the Sudanese rebel forces. It occurred to me that my American, non-aristocratic Quinette would be more likely to fall for a Sudanese rebel officer than she would for Douglas, and that this would make a more satisfying story. And so I changed her lover from Douglas to Lt. Col. Goraende.

Q: The level of misery wrought by the war and famine in Sudan is so unbelievably difficult for westerners to comprehend. Was it a challenge to try and convey the complicated politics and history of the region?

A: Challenging would be an understatement. It would have been much easier if I had been writing nonfiction, but it was very hard to explain Sudan?s tangled politics and history, which were central to the novel?s action, in a way that avoided over-simplification, made things clear to the reader, and satisfied the demands of art. I did not want my research to show. As much as possible, I tried to steer clear of writing expository passages or disguising exposition as dialogue. The information had to be woven, seamlessly, I hoped, into the narrative fabric. I must have rewritten some pages and paragraphs a dozen times or more before they sounded right.

Q: There have been so many grand scale tragedies in Africa and yet it seems they have never gotten the kind of attention in the U.S. that they merit. Why do you think that is?

A: The conventional wisdom would answer, ?Racism.? I don?t think so. If racism were the reason for the lack of attention you allude to, why have so many African-American politicians, commentators and civil rights leaders been as inclined to ignore or to give short shrift to Africa?s plight as whites? To my mind, there are two explanations: one is realpolitik ? Africa is not, or at least is not seen to be, central to America?s vital interests; two is more or less emotional ? Africa's problems (endless tribal/ethnic conflicts, pervasive corruption, AIDS, and horrendous leaders) seem intractable, breeding a kind of despair in people who would like to help Africans resolve these issues but cannot see how. For that reason, I deeply admire former Senator and UN ambassador John Danforth, who spent an enormous amount of time and effort helping to broker the armistice agreement in Sudan that was signed only a few weeks ago. He did the damn near impossible.

Q: The idea of exile, of strangers in a strange place, has recurred throughout your work. The characters in Acts of Faith are drawn to Africa for different reasons?greed, opportunity, adventure, idealism. What is it about people out of their home territory and caught up in forces beyond their control, that fascinates you as a writer?

A: As we used to say in Vietnam, ?This is where you find out who you are.? Most people spend their lives in what is commonly called their ?comfort zone.? They fashion personas for themselves, which they presume to be their true characters, sets of attitudes, which they presume reflect their deepest beliefs, and modes of behavior, which they presume express their morals. Seldom are their presumptive characters, beliefs and personal morals put to the test. They might be compared to vessels that sail only in calm, safe waters. It has been my experience that when people are taken out of their comfort zones, whether voluntarily or by circumstances beyond their control, and placed in strange environments or in alien situations, they discover if their self image is what they have thought it to be. It has also been my experience, alas, that these epiphanies are as often as not unflattering, revealing hidden flaws and weaknesses. You find out that you?re not as brave, compassionate, or smart as you had believed. Sometimes, however, you find resources of strength you hadn?t realized were there. As a writer, I am a student of human nature, so this process of self-discovery under stress fascinates me.

Q: Is it possible to ?do good? in a place seemingly without a moral compass?

A: By ?without a moral compass? I assume you mean places or situations where the moral guideposts are absent, where the boundaries between right and wrong are not clearly surveyed, so to speak. Yes, it is quite possible to ?do good? in such places, such circumstances, but it isn?t easy. The one doing the good, or trying to, must have a sound character and guard against the passions that could lead him or her to ?do bad? in the name of ?doing good.? That?s what happens to some of the main characters in Acts of Faith. They take sides, become partisans, and end up contributing to the suffering and destruction they had initially set out to relieve.

Q: While this novel is clearly informed by much research, it is also a thrilling page turning adventure and love story(s). What are the challenges in constructing a novel that is both informative and timely and yet also entertaining?

A: The challenge is to remember that you are creating narrative art, not the written version of a TV docu-drama. The Elizabethan poet, Sir Philip Sydney, said the object of poetry is to ?delight and instruct.? That is the purpose of all literature, but I think emphasis should be laid on ?delight.? Maybe ?compel? or ?engage? would be a better word. The reader is going to be more engaged by a character and his or her story, less by information about a place or an event. I should also mention that Acts of Faith is not a book for anyone who wants to learn about contemporary Sudan. It is not, because it was not intended to be, a documentary thinly disguised as fiction. Yes, I tried for a feeling of verisimilitude, I tried to give an accurate impression of the place and the civil war, but the novel is by no means factually accurate. It is a work of the imagination based on fact.

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Brenda Harrison, June 21, 2007 (view all comments by Brenda Harrison)
Philip Caputo is a masterful author. He takes you through a complicated story and makes you a part of it. He does not disappoint. The story evolves and the ending is done with thoughtful attention to detail. I'm tired of reading books only to have it fall apart at the end and Caputo in " Acts of Faith" took care of his reader.

I consider this book as one of the 10 best that I have ever read.
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(2 of 4 readers found this comment helpful)

Product Details

ISBN:
9780375725975
Author:
Caputo, Philip
Publisher:
Vintage Books USA
Subject:
General
Subject:
Violence
Subject:
Americans
Subject:
War & Military
Subject:
Psychological fiction
Subject:
Conspiracies
Subject:
War
Subject:
Literature-A to Z
Subject:
fiction;sudan;africa;novel;war;human rights;literature;missionaries
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
Vintage Contemporaries
Publication Date:
20060531
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Pages:
688
Dimensions:
8 x 5.2 x 1.4 in 1.315 lb

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Acts of Faith Used Trade Paper
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Product details 688 pages Vintage Books USA - English 9780375725975 Reviews:
"Publishers Weekly Review" by , "Caputo's ambitious adventure novel, set against a backdrop of the Sudanese wars, makes for a dense, riveting update on Graham Greene's The Quiet American. The American in this case is Douglas Braithwaite, a 'mercenary with a conscience' who founds Knight Air, a charter airline that conveys relief supplies from NGOs to war-torn southern Sudan. Braithwaite launches his service by flying aid to the Nuba, a region in the northern Sudanese sphere of influence that is a no-go zone for U.N.-sponsored airlines. He hires Fitzhugh Martin, a former soccer star and mixed-race Kenyan from the Seychelles Islands, as his operations manager, and soon teams up with Texan bush pilot Wes Dare as well as a shady Somali financier. From Fitzhugh's perspective, we see corruption ensue from Douglas's decision to expand his air service — crushing his competitor, Tara Whitcomb, in the process — and to smuggle arms to Michael Goraende, the Nuban militia head. Douglas's support for the Nuban commander also brings Quinette Hardin, a Christian aid worker from Iowa who marries Goreande, into Knight Air's orbit. Caputo presents a sharply observed, sweeping portrait, capturing the incestuous world of the aid groups, Sudan's multiethnic mix and the decayed milieu of Kenyan society. Though this long atmospheric novel offers a very slow build and doesn't always avoid formula, the understated climax that leads to Knight Air's demise is powerful in its impact. Agent, Aaron Priest. (May)" Publishers Weekly (Starred Review) (Copyright Reed Business Information, Inc.)
"Review" by , "In Acts of Faith Philip Caputo has fashioned a gripping cast of characters and placed them in a spellbinding story. You can't get any better than that."
"Review" by , "Philip Caputo, from Vietnam onwards, has understood the hardest truths of the modern world better than almost anybody. Acts of Faith is a stunningly unflinching novel. On the surface it is set in Africa, but in fact its true landscape is the ravaged soul of the twenty-first century. Philip Caputo is one of the few absolutely essential writers at work today."
"Review" by , "This is a big novel, old fashioned in the best way, full of intrigue and a large cast of sharply drawn characters. And with a Sudan cease-fire recently in the news, it couldn't be timelier."
"Review" by , "Acts of Faith offers an image of Africa deserving comparison with Conrad, Hemingway, Peter Matthiessen, and Jan de Hartog's forgotten near-masterpiece The Spiral Road."
"Review" by , "Caputo's devastating new novel...will be to the era of the Iraq war what Graham Greene's novel The Quiet American became to the Vietnam era."
"Review" by , "Philip Caputo's Sudan is a place drawn so real, dust and despair fall from the pages....So beautiful, so awful, so authentic, so wonderful, so hopeless, it grieves the heart."
"Review" by , "Destined to be a generation-defining book."
"Review" by , "A miracle....You can hardly conceive of a more affecting reading experience."
"Review" by , "Philip Caputo is a splendid, muscular story teller who possesses the crucial power to make endearing ordinary men from diverse fragilities and stubborness."
"Review" by , "Caputo lets no one and nothing off the hook."
"Synopsis" by , From the Pulitzer prize-winning journalist, author of the highly praised novels The Voyage and Horn of Africa — a stunning, timely new novel about the physical perils and moral crises faced by a group of men and women who try to relieve the suffering caused by war and famine in contemporary Sudan.

Douglas Braithwaite, an American aviator who flies medicine and food from Kenya to Sudan's ravaged south, feels himself beginning to take sides in the conflict. Flying with him: Wesley Dare, a hard-bitten bush pilot who sacrifices all for the woman he loves; Fitzhugh Martin, a multiracial Kenyan who sees Sudan as a cause with which he can rejuvenate his directionless life; Quinette Hardin, an evangelical Christian from Iowa working to buy slaves back from the Arab raiders, who falls in love with a Sudanese rebel; Diana Briggs, a daughter of a family with colonial roots in Africa, who believes that her love for her adopted continent might be enough to save it.

These and the other vividly realized characters who populate the blasted landscape of this riveting novel are unwitting combatants in the classic confrontation between Westerners and the third world. As they plunge into a well of moral corruption for which they are ill prepared, we see how their hidden flaws conspire with circumstances to turn their strengths — bravery, compassion, daring, empathy — into weakness, their altruism curdling into self-righteous zealotry and greed, leading them to conspiracy, and, finally, to murder. Grounded in the hard reality of today's headlines, Acts of Faith is a galvanizing novel.

"Synopsis" by , Philip Caputo's tragic and epically ambitious new novel is set in Sudan, where war is a permanent condition. Into this desolate theater come aid workers, missionaries, and mercenaries of conscience whose courage and idealism sometimes coexist with treacherous moral blindness. There's the entrepreneurial American pilot who goes from flying food and medicine to smuggling arms, the Kenyan aid worker who can't help seeing the tawdry underside of his enterprise, and the evangelical Christian who comes to Sudan to redeem slaves and falls in love with a charismatic rebel commander.

As their fates intersect and our understanding of their characters deepens, it becomes apparent that Acts of Faith is one of those rare novels that combine high moral seriousness with irresistible narrative wizardry.

"Synopsis" by , Philip Caputos tragic and epically ambitious new novel is set in Sudan, where war is a permanent condition. Into this desolate theater come aid workers, missionaries, and mercenaries of conscience whose courage and idealism sometimes coexist with treacherous moral blindness. Theres the entrepreneurial American pilot who goes from flying food and medicine to smuggling arms, the Kenyan aid worker who cant help seeing the tawdry underside of his enterprise, and the evangelical Christian who comes to Sudan to redeem slaves and falls in love with a charismatic rebel commander.

As their fates intersect and our understanding of their characters deepens, it becomes apparent that Acts of Faith is one of those rare novels that combine high moral seriousness with irresistible narrative wizardry.   

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