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Birdsong Cover

ISBN13: 9780679776819
ISBN10: 0679776818
Condition: Standard
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Reading Group Guide

1. What does Azaire's conduct as a businessman say about his character, and what is Stephen's response to it? How does Azaire's treatment of the men who work for him reflect his treatment of his wife?

2. Does Stephen see Isabelle as a captive? Does she see herself the same way? How does Stephen's perception of Isabelle and her predicament differ from her own self-perception?

3. Why does Isabelle leave Stephen? How does her departure affect his identity as a soldier, the way he approaches the war, and the manner in which he conducts himself during it?

4. What premonitions of war and death does Faulks give us in the 1910 section of the book? Where and when does Stephen have visions of death within the lush beauty of prewar Picardy? Do you feel that these visions are simple premonitions, or is the predisposition to such images a part of Stephen's character?

5. Where and to what purpose does Faulks use images of birds? Why does Stephen fear birds, and what do birds symbolize for him? What do they seem to mean to the author? How might you explain Stephen's dream on page 44?

6. While staying with the Azaires, Stephen writes, "I am driven by a greater force than I can resist. I believe that force has its own reason and its own morality even if they may never be clear to me while I am alive" [p. 49]. Where else in the novel does Stephen sense that sort of force, and how does he respond to it?

7. How would you describe the character of Jack Firebrace? How does it change during the course of the war? What "dies" in him when Horrocks hurls his cross away? What do his letters to Margaret reveal about his character, his values, his code of behavior?

8. The soldiers tend to forget very quickly the names and characters of their friends who die. Do you find this shocking? Is such willed oblivion necessary in order to give life to the men's own delicate instinct for self-preservation?

9. "I think [the men] will do ten times more before it's finished and I'm eager to know how much. If I didn't have that curiosity I would walk into enemy lines and let myself be killed. I would blow my own head off with one of these grenades" [p. 145]. Is Stephen's curiosity ever finally satisfied?

10. Throughout the war, Stephen feels a real hatred for the enemy--see page 156, for example. Do you believe that this hatred is genuine, or that Stephen has persuaded himself of it so as to give meaning and order to his existence? How does the fact that it is German soldiers who ultimately rescue him change his life--and theirs?

11. Stephen is a brooding and enigmatic figure who is repeatedly described as "cold" by the narrator. Is Stephen a cold character? How do the other soldiers see him [on pages 141, 143-44, and 211]? When Gray asks Stephen whether he would give his life for his men, Stephen answers in the negative [p. 159]. Do you think he would give the same answer if he were asked this question during the last year of the war? What keeps him going during the war [pp. 156, 171]? Do you think that the war changes Stephen?

12. In the life of the trenches, Stephen reflects, "There was only violent death or life to choose between; finer distinctions, such as love, preference, or kindness, were redundant" [p. 194]. This is Stephen's view of events, reading his story. Do you find that the soldiers have really lost their sense of finer distinctions?

13. Haig and Rawlinson typify the World War I staff officers who lost the respect of their men because they didn't share the danger and squalor of the front line. High commanders on the Western Front usually established their headquarters in châteaux well behind the lines: historian John Keegan has called this phenomenon "château generalship." How did this manner of conducting war affect and form the way the twentieth century has looked at war? How did it change our ideas of military glory and our vision of our military leaders?

14. Stephen and Weir enjoy an unlikely but intense friendship. What is it about Weir's character that makes Stephen love him more than any of the others? What emotional need does Stephen fill in his turn for Weir? Does Stephen change in any way after Weir's death?

15. The soldiers "were frightening to the civilians because they had evolved not into killers but into passive beings whose only aim was to endure" [pp. 340-41]. How do civilians, in general, treat and respond to these soldiers? How do you explain the attitude of the clerk in the men's store where Stephen tries to buy shirts [pp. 342-43]? Do you find the behavior of Weir's parents extraordinary--or understandable in people far removed from actual battle? Have soldiers from later wars, such as the conflict in Vietnam, reported similar experiences and attitudes?

16. Why do you think that Stephen displays such an overpowering will to survive, in spite of the loneliness of his life and the unhappiness he has undergone? What elements and events of his life have contributed to his instinct for self-preservation?

17. Elizabeth is spurred on in her research by a feeling of the "danger of losing touch with the past" [p. 240]. Does her ignorance of recent history surprise you, or do you find it characteristic of her generation? Do you find that you, and the people around you, are similarly detached from the past?

18. What does Elizabeth, the granddaughter, represent? And her baby? In what ways does history repeat itself in her life?

19. Why has the author set this story about war against the backdrop of a passionate affair? Explore the various parallels drawn between desire and death, love and war, in the novel. In what ways are the love scenes similar to some of the battle scenes? How does the body take on different meanings [pp. 130, 197-98]?

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The Loopy Librarian, September 4, 2013 (view all comments by The Loopy Librarian)
Birdsong was passionate and yet dispassionate, graphic yet cold, unflinching yet painful. It was a study in contrasts as is often the case with the subjects of love and war. The author does not glorify love or war but rather exposes their ugly underbellies �" what happens when desperation takes hold. The descriptions of war were almost poetic in their brutality. Love was not as romantic as dreamers like to think it is. I felt the horror of it all, particularly the battle of the Somme, and saw how it could destroy a man or change him irrevocably. The ending was appropriate but seemed almost cliche compared to the rest of this remarkable book. I highly recommend it for readers of historical fiction, especially those interested in World War I.
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cariola119, November 29, 2009 (view all comments by cariola119)
Faulks's vivid prose captures better than any other novel I've read the experience of being a soldier in the trenches in World War I. Stephen Wraysford, recovering from a passionate romance that didn't work out as planned, finds himself, like so many other young men, struggling to survive in the tunnels, trenches, and fields of France. The descriptions of battles, bodies, and wounds are horrific; I couldn't help but think what a sanitized view of warfare we are given today. In the midst of it all, Stephen is torn between wanting to withdraw into himself--why make friends with a man who might be blown to bits beside you the next day?--and to retain a measure of humanity. There's a second story line, set in the late 1970s, as Stephen's granddaughter uncovers a series of family secrets; but it's the reality of war that makes this novel memorable.
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Lucy Little, August 31, 2008 (view all comments by Lucy Little)
For many, the tragic love story is the compelling part of this story. I personally was intrigued by the war scenes. The story takes place in Europe during World War I, formally known as the Great War. The soldiers suffered through horrid conditions with lasting effects even on those who survived. I recommend this book for those who like a romantic novel and those who like living history.
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Product Details

Faulks, Sebastian
Vintage Books USA
New York
Historical - General
Historical fiction
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1914-1918 -- Fiction.
War stories
Literature-A to Z
fiction;wwi;historical fiction;war;france;novel;romance;historical;england;british;love;20th century;literature;history;trenches;british literature;uk;europe;wwii;english;british fiction;english literature;1910s;military;contemporary fiction;1990s;literar
fiction;wwi;historical fiction;war;france;novel;romance;historical;england;british;love;20th century;literature;history;trenches;british literature;uk;europe;wwii;english;british fiction;english literature;1910s;military;contemporary fiction;1990s;literar
fiction;wwi;historical fiction;war;france;novel;romance;historical;england;british;love;20th century;history;literature;trenches;british literature;uk;british fiction;wwii;europe;english;english literature;1910s;contemporary fiction;1990s;military;literar
fiction;wwi;historical fiction;war;france;novel;romance;historical;england;british;love;20th century;history;literature;trenches;british literature;uk;british fiction;wwii;europe;english;english literature;1910s;contemporary fiction;1990s;military;literar
Edition Number:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Vintage International
Publication Date:
Grade Level:
8 x 5.18 x 1.09 in .875 lb

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Birdsong Used Trade Paper
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Product details 496 pages Vintage Books USA - English 9780679776819 Reviews:
"Review" by , "Superb storytelling and craftsmanship....[A] tribute to the durability of the human soul."
"Review" by , "Birdsong moved me more profoundly than anything I've read in years....A deeply compassionate, utterly thrilling work by a master of the form."
"Review" by , "The accounts of combat are among the finest I have ever powerful as to be almost unbearable...a tribute to the author's remarkable skill and tact and dazzling virtuosity."
"Review" by , "Magnificent — gorgeously written, deeply moving, rich in detail."
"Review" by , "An amazing book — among the most stirringly erotic I have read for years....I have read it and re-read it and can think of no other novel for many, many years that has so moved me or stimulated in me so much reflection on the human spirit."
"Review" by , "Birdsong seems to me superb. His prose is spare and precise."
"Review" by , "This is literature at its very best: a book with the power to reveal the unimagined, so that one's life is set in a changed context. I urge you to read it."
"Review" by , "One of the finest novels of the last 40 years."
"Review" by , "Ambitious, outrageous, poignant, sleep-disturbing, Birdsong is not a prefect novel — just a great one."
"Synopsis" by , US
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