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Female Chauvinist Pigs: Women and the Rise of Raunch Culture


Female Chauvinist Pigs: Women and the Rise of Raunch Culture Cover





I first noticed it several years ago. I would turn on the television and find strippers in pasties explaining how best to lap dance a man to orgasm. I would flip the channel and see babes in tight, tiny uniforms bouncing up and down on trampolines. Britney Spears was becoming increasingly popular and increasingly unclothed, and her undulating body ultimately became so familiar to me I felt like we used to go out.

Charlie's Angels, the film remake of the quintessential jiggle show, opened at number one in 2000 and made $125 million in theaters nationally, reinvigorating the interest of men and women alike in leggy crime fighting. Its stars, who kept talking about "strong women" and "empowerment," were dressed in alternating soft-porn styles — as massage parlor geishas, dominatrixes, yodeling Heidis in alpine bustiers. (The summer sequel in 2003 — in which the Angels' perilous mission required them to perform stripteases — pulled in another $100 million domestically.) In my own industry, magazines, a porny new genre called the Lad Mag, which included titles like Maxim, FHM, and Stuff, was hitting the stands and becoming a huge success by delivering what Playboy had only occasionally managed to capture: greased celebrities in little scraps of fabric humping the floor.

This didn't end when I switched off the radio or the television or closed the magazines. I'd walk down the street and see teens and young women — and the occasional wild fifty-year-old — wearing jeans cut so low they exposed what came to be known as butt cleavage paired with miniature tops that showed off breast implants and pierced navels alike. Sometimes, in case the overall message of the outfit was too subtle, the shirts would be emblazoned with the Playboy bunny or say Porn Star across the chest.

Some odd things were happening in my social life, too. People I knew (female people) liked going to strip clubs (female strippers). It was sexy and fun, they explained; it was liberating and rebellious. My best friend from college, who used to go to Take Back the Night marches on campus, had become captivated by porn stars. She would point them out to me in music videos and watch their (topless) interviews on Howard Stern. As for me, I wasn't going to strip clubs or buying Hustler T-shirts, but I was starting to show signs of impact all the same. It had only been a few years since I'd graduated from Wesleyan University, a place where you could pretty much get expelled for saying "girl" instead of "woman," but somewhere along the line I'd started saying "chick." And, like most chicks I knew, I'd taken to wearing thongs.

What was going on? My mother, a shiatsu masseuse who attended weekly women's consciousness-raising groups for twenty-four years, didn't own makeup. My father, whom she met as a student radical at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, in the sixties was a consultant for Planned Parenthood, NARAL, and NOW. Only thirty years (my lifetime) ago, our mothers were "burning their bras" and picketing Playboy, and suddenly we were getting implants and wearing the bunny logo as supposed symbols of our liberation. How had the culture shifted so drastically in such a short period of time?

What was almost more surprising than the change itself were the responses I got when I started interviewing the men and — often — women who edit magazines like Maxim and make programs like The Man Show and Girls Gone Wild. This new raunch culture didn't mark the death of feminism, they told me; it was evidence that the feminist project had already been achieved. We'd earned the right to look at Playboy; we were empowered enough to get Brazilian bikini waxes. Women had come so far, I learned, we no longer needed to worry about objectification or misogyny. Instead, it was time for us to join the frat party of pop culture, where men had been enjoying themselves all along. If Male Chauvinist Pigs were men who regarded women as pieces of meat, we would outdo them and be Female Chauvinist Pigs: women who make sex objects of other women and of ourselves.

When I asked female viewers and readers what they got out of raunch culture, I heard similar things about empowering miniskirts and feminist strippers, and so on, but I also heard something else. They wanted to be "one of the guys"; they hoped to be experienced "like a man." Going to strip clubs or talking about porn stars was a way of showing themselves and the men around them that they weren't "prissy little women" or "girly-girls." Besides, they told me, it was all in fun, all tongue-in-cheek, and for me to regard this bacchanal as problematic would be old-school and uncool.

I tried to get with the program, but I could never make the argument add up in my head. How is resurrecting every stereotype of female sexuality that feminism endeavored to banish good for women? Why is laboring to look like Pamela Anderson empowering? And how is imitating a stripper or a porn star — a woman whose job is to imitate arousal in the first place — going to render us sexually liberated?

Despite the rising power of Evangelical Christianity and the political right in the United States, this trend has only grown more extreme and more pervasive in the years that have passed since I first became aware of it. A tawdry, tarty, cartoonlike version of female sexuality has become so ubiquitous, it no longer seems particular. What we once regarded as a kind of sexual expression we now view as sexuality. As former adult film star Traci Lords put it to a reporter a few days before her memoir hit the best-seller list in 2003, "When I was in porn, it was like a back-alley thing. Now it's everywhere." Spectacles of naked ladies have moved from seedy side streets to center stage, where everyone — men and women — can watch them in broad daylight. Playboy and its ilk are being "embraced by young women in a curious way in a postfeminist world," to borrow the words of Hugh Hefner.

But just because we are post doesn't automatically mean we are feminists. There is a widespread assumption that simply because my generation of women has the good fortune to live in a world touched by the feminist movement, that means everything we do is magically imbued with its agenda. It doesn't work that way. "Raunchy" and "liberated" are not synonyms. It is worth asking ourselves if this bawdy world of boobs and gams we have resurrected reflects how far we've come, or how far we have left to go.

Copyright © 2005 by Ariel Levy

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Azuline, January 26, 2010 (view all comments by Azuline)
This book changed the way I think about feminism, pop culture, and myself. Ariel Levy's exploration of Girls Gone Wild, Playboy, and the sexual revolution are sometimes hilarious, sometimes downright frightening. Altogether a quick, enjoyable, illuminating read.
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gazongaman, February 22, 2007 (view all comments by gazongaman)
The book asks interesting questions....

But I wonder if the use of anti-depressants and other drugs to treat emotional issues in young women coupled with alcohol use adds fuel to the fire? Are we assuming that the women who are doing all this stuff are emotionally mature and capable? So many are opening themselves up to current physical danger getting drunk and stripping naked in public, which could cause present and future risk to reputation. The beauty queens getting fired from their jobs is proof of that.
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(5 of 11 readers found this comment helpful)
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Product Details

Levy, Ariel
Free Press
Feminism & Feminist Theory
Popular Culture - General
Women's Studies - General
Gender Studies-Womens Studies
Female Chauvinist Pig, sexism, chauvinism, empowered women, Playboy, boys club, ariel levy, journalism, women, women in business, women in the workplace, professional women, new york, new york magazine, girls gone wild, Susan Faludi, Backlash, Naomi Wolf,
Female Chauvinist Pig, sexism, chauvinism, empowered women, Playboy, boys club, ariel levy, journalism, women, women in business, women in the workplace, professional women, new york, new york magazine, girls gone wild, Susan Faludi, Backlash, Naomi Wolf,
Female Chauvinist Pig, sexism, chauvinism, empowered women, Playboy, boys club, ariel levy, journalism, women, women in business, women in the workplace, professional women, new york, new york magazine, girls gone wild, Susan Faludi, Backlash, Naomi Wolf,
Edition Description:
Trade Paperback
Publication Date:
October 2006
Grade Level:
index, notes
8.44 x 5.5 in 7.84 oz

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Female Chauvinist Pigs: Women and the Rise of Raunch Culture Used Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
$8.50 In Stock
Product details 256 pages Free Press - English 9780743284288 Reviews:
"Review A Day" by , "The picture that Levy paints is more than a little grim: raunch culture, which is essentially misogynist, callow, simplistic and ubiquitous, breeds women-hating-women who angle for power with men and propagate more raunch under the deceitful guise of feminist empowerment." (read the entire review)
"Review A Day" by , "Sharp, witty, and utterly convincing, Levy's book is a call to arms for women who have fallen into the trap of phony feminism. The new Uncle Tom is a woman looking to the male chauvinist pig to find out who she is. If Levy's book has the impact that it merits, this won't be true for long." (read the entire Boldtype review)
"Review" by , "[Levy's] forays into a Girls Gone Wild shoot, several parties hosted by the neo-feminist group Cake, the lesbian subculture of New York and San Francisco, and the private lives of sexually active teenagers make for smart, acerbic reading."
"Review" by , "An assertive blast, filled with punchy language and vivid images."
"Review" by , "A piercing look at how women are sabotaging their own attempts to be seen as equals by going about the quest the wrong way, Levy's engrossing book should be required reading for young women."
"Review" by , "Ariel Levy has become feminism's newest and most provocative voice."
"Review" by , "With Female Chauvinist Pigs, Ariel Levy becomes feminism's newest and most provocative voice, brilliantly laying bare the contradictions and evasions and self-deceptions that pass for empowerment."
"Review" by , "Ariel Levy strips the Girls Gone Wild culture of its cuteness in her provocative Female Chauvinist Pigs, arguing that post-feminist poster girls such as the Playboy Bunnies offer only faux empowerment."
"Review" by , "Female Chauvinist Pigs is smart, alarming, and extremely funny. With nuance and humor, Levy has written both a convincing expose of sex and desire in contemporary America and an important cultural history. I'm giving a copy to my mother. And my sons."
"Review" by , "As everyone knows — we people generally, Americans in particular — let sex drive us mad. Female Chauvinist Pigs is a heroic (and smart and entertaining and disturbing) stab at looking very sanely at one rampant form the insanity is taking these days. Ariel Levy understands that while we may defend to death every woman's right to look and act like a whore, it doesn't mean we're prigs if we find it unfortunate."
"Review" by , "Ariel Levy has given us an important, lively, shocking investigative report about how and why — in an age of HIV/AIDS and religious fundamentalism — U.S. commercialism has mainstreamed pornography, popularized raunch images (and practices), and revived female 'bimbo' roles. This is a call to arms for women and girls who are being sold pseudo empowerment, phony liberation, and fake rebellion — instead of the real thing: freedom. A must-read for young women — and everyone else."
"Synopsis" by , In this passionate report from the front lines, a New York magazine writer examines the enormous cultural impact of the newest wave of post-feminism.
"Synopsis" by , Meet the Female Chauvinist Pig — the new brand of "empowered woman" who embraces "raunch culture" wherever she finds it. In her groundbreaking book, andlt;iandgt;New Yorkandlt;/iandgt; magazine writer Ariel Levy argues that, if male chauvinist pigs of years past thought of women as pieces of meat, andlt;iandgt;Female Chauvinist Pigsandlt;/iandgt; of today are doing them one better, making sex objects of other women — and of themselves. Irresistibly witty and wickedly intelligent, andlt;iandgt;Female Chauvinist Pigsandlt;/iandgt; makes the case that the rise of raunch does not represent how far women have come; it only proves how far they have left to go.
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