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A Dignified Life: The Best Friends Approach to Alzheimer's Care, a Guide for Family Caregivers
#LINK A New Start The Art of Friendship
A New Start
The Art of Friendship
Alzheimer's disease changes us all. Because of the associated memory loss and confusion, your mother, father, sister, brother, husband, wife, or partner may no longer know you or understand his or her relationship to you. Many caregivers are confused, frustrated, sad, or even angry about these losses. Your mother may have always been your closest confidante and strongest supporter; now, she does not recognize you. A spouse whom you counted on for many years to balance the checkbook, pay bills, file the income taxes, or cook three meals a day is no longer able to do these things. As a result, your relationship with the person changes whether you like it or not.
Adopting a Best Friends approach can help diminish this pain and loss and can have a powerful impact on the person with dementia. When you rethink, or recast, your relationships to individuals with dementia and become a Best Friend to them instead of just a caregiver, the person now feels you are on his or her side. In addition, friendship helps evoke some of the social graces or learned manners of the person with dementia. It helps put the person on his or her best behavior.
Caregivers using the Best Friends approach have made the Helping Hand day program of the Greater Kentucky/Southern Indiana Alzheimer's Association one of the most admired adult day programs in the United States. Many individuals with dementia in Helping Hand have been considered difficult and challenging by their own family caregivers. Yet at Helping Hand, because the staff and volunteers are acting as friends, they thrive. Families can have similar success using the Best Friends approach at home.
Rather than staying in a state of despair, caregivers can learn to work through the pain and focus on gaining maximum value from the present; caregiving is transformed from a terrible burden to a job that becomes meaningful and satisfying. The process changes from a series of failures to a series of successes. Recasting this relationship to become a Best Friend does not mean taking away love or loving the person with dementia any less. It simply means approaching the relationship differently.
Like many caregivers, the son never dreamed he would be in the position of taking care of his father, a father whom he admits disliking for much of his life. However, this family's approach to Alzheimer's care has helped heal not only the son's relationship with his father, but also wounds he has carried inside himself.
Being a Best Friend is not just about altruism. Caregivers who recast their relationships take advantage of the principles of friendship to gain new ideas for handling day-to-day care in a more natural, positive way; prevent problems before they happen; form a new relationship with a loved one based on getting the most out of every day; and replace the stress and strain of caregiving with satisfaction. Below are the key ingredients for success.
What is a Best Friend?
FRIENDS KNOW EACH OTHER'S
PERSONALITY AND HISTORY
A Best Friend becomes the person's memory.
A Best Friend is sensitive to the person's traditions.
A Best Friend respects the person's personality, moods, and problem-solving style.
FRIENDS do things together
A Best Friend enjoys activities with the person with dementia.
A Best Friend involves the person in activities and chores.
A Best Friend initiates activities.
A Best Friend ties activities into the person's past skills and interests.
A Best Friend encourages the person to enjoy the simple things in life.
A Best Friend remembers to celebrate special occasions.
A Best Friend listens skillfully.
A Best Friend fills in the blanks.
A Best Friend asks questions that are easily answered.
A Best Friend recognizes the importance of non-verbal communication.
A Best Friend gently encourages participation in conversations.
FRIENDS BUILD SELF-ESTEEM
A Best Friend gives compliments often.
A Best Friend carefully asks for advice or opinions.
A Best Friend always offers encouragement.
A Best Friend offers congratulations.
FRIENDS LAUGH TOGETHER OFTEN
A Best Friend tells jokes and funny stories.
A Best Friend takes advantage of spontaneous fun.
A Best Friend uses self-deprecating humor often.
FRIENDS ARE EQUALS
A Best Friend does not talk down to the person.
A Best Friend works to help the person "save face."
A Best Friend does not assume a supervisory role.
A Best Friend recognizes that learning is a two-way street.
FRIENDS WORK AT THE RELATIONSHIP
A Best Friend is not overly sensitive.
A Best Friend does more than half the work.
A Best Friend builds a trusting relationship.
A Best Friend shows affection often.
Source: The Best Friends Approach to Alzheimer's Care.
The best friendships often involve a lot of talking. Whether it is on the telephone or over the office water cooler, friends generally love to swap stories, gossip, share ideas, send e-mails and instant-messages to each other, and confide in one another. Friends are also there to listen to each other, in good and bad times.
A Best Friend Listens
In Alzheimer's care, it is important to try to be there for the person when he or she wants to talk about important feelings. Individuals with Alzheimer's disease should be given time to offer their feelings or ideas. Sometimes patience is rewarded with an insight.
A Best Friend Fills in the Blanks
People with Alzheimer's disease begin to lose the structure of their sentences and language. When you can provide clues and cues, communication can vastly improve. Sometimes even filling in the blanks by supplying one or two words keeps the dialogue going.
Conversation can continue about early childhood days, her teaching, and her schoolchildren, all because her Best Friend brought up some familiar names of people, places, and things in Edna's life.
A Best Friend Asks Questions that Are Easily Answered
The person may become easily frustrated if asked questions to which he or she does not know the answer.
When her Best Friend provided some details within the question, it triggered memories and allowed Evelyn to share her joy from her vacation and participate in the conversation.
A Best Friend Recognizes the Importance of Non-Verbal Communication
Because verbal skills are diminished, body language becomes very important in Alzheimer's care. A Best Friend should greet the person warmly, smile broadly, and hold out a hand. The handshake still holds special meaning with older people who remember a time when everyone in polite company would shake hands. Almost always, the person will respond with a handshake. A mutual handshake is the beginning of a bond, a deep-rooted symbol that one is a friend, not a foe. Talking with your hands can also be effective. Gestures such as tapping the seat on a chair can help the person get the message to sit down.
A Best Friend's gentle touch spoke volumes.
A Best Friend Gently Encourages Participation in Conversations
It is important to include the person in conversations as much as possible. Broad, open-ended questions ("Tell me about . . ."; "What do you think about . . .") that touch on the person's life experience can be particularly effective.
All of this stays tucked away until a Best Friend gently encourages conversation by saying, "Tell me about . . ."
¬2002. All rights reserved. Reprinted from A Dignified Life by Virginia Bell, M.S.W. and David Troxel, M.P.H. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the written permission of the publisher. Publisher: Health Communications, Inc., 3201 SW 15th Street, Deerfield Beach, FL 33442.
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