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Under the Banner of Heaven: A Story of Violent Faith

by

Under the Banner of Heaven: A Story of Violent Faith Cover

ISBN13: 9781400032808
ISBN10: 1400032806
Condition: Standard
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Reading Group Guide

1. In his prologue, Jon Krakauer writes that the aim of his book is to “cast some light on Lafferty and his ilk,” which he concedes is a daunting but useful task for what it may tell us “about the roots of brutality, perhaps, but even more for what might be learned about the nature of faith” [p. XXIII]. What does the book reveal about fanatics such as Ron and Dan Lafferty? What does it reveal about brutality and faith and the connections between them?

2. Why does Krakauer move back and forth between Mormon history and contemporary events? What are the connections between the beliefs and practices of Joseph Smith and his followers in the nineteenth century and the behavior of people like Dan and Ron Lafferty, Brian David Mitchell, and others in the twentieth?

3. Prosecutor David Leavitt argued that “People in the state of Utah simply do not understand, and have not understood for fifty years, the devastating effect that the practice of polygamy has on young girls in our society” [p. 24]. How does polygamy affect young girls? Is it, as Leavitt claims, pedophilia plain and simple?

4. Joseph Smith claimed that the doctrine of polygamy was divinely inspired. What earthly reasons might also explain Smiths attraction to having plural wives?

5. When Krakauer asks Dan Lafferty if he has considered the parallels between himself and Osama bin Laden, Dan asserts that bin Laden is a “child of the Devil” and that the hijackers were “following a false prophet,” whereas he is following a true prophet [p. 321]. No doubt, bin Laden would say much the same of Lafferty. How are Dan Lafferty and Osama bin Laden alike? In what ways are all religious fundamentalists alike?

6. Krakauer asks: “if Ron Lafferty were deemed mentally ill because he obeyed the voice of God, isnt everyone who believes in God and seeks guidance through prayer mentally ill as well?” [p. 297] Given the nature of, and motive for, the murders of Brenda Lafferty and her child, should Ron Lafferty be considered mentally ill? If so, should all others who “talk to God” or receive revelations—a central tenant of Mormonism—also be considered mentally ill? What would the legal ramifications be of such a shift in thought?

7. Krakauer begins part III with a quote from Bertrand Russell, who asserts that “every single bit of progress

in humane feeling, every improvement in the criminal law, every step toward the diminution of war, every step toward better treatment of the colored races, or every mitigation of slavery, every moral progress that there has been in the world, has been consistently opposed by the organized churches of the world” [p. 191]. Is this a fair and accurate statement? What historical examples support it? What improvements in humane feeling and social justice has the Mormon church opposed?

8. How are mainstream and fundamentalist Mormons likely to react to Krakauers book?

9. Much of Under the Banner of Heaven explores the tensions between freedom of religion and governmental authority. How should these tensions be resolved? How can the state allow religious freedom to those who place obedience to Gods will above obedience to secular laws?

10. Joseph Smith called himself “a second Mohammed,” and Krakauer quotes George Arbaugh who suggests that Mormonisms “aggressive theocratic claims, political aspirations, and use of force, make it akin to Islam” [p. 102]. What other similarities exist between the Mormon and Islamic faiths?

11. How should Joseph Smith be understood: as a delusional narcissist, a con man, or “an authentic religious genius” [p. 55], as Harold Bloom claims?

12. Krakauer suggests that much of John Wesley Powells book, The Exploration of the Colorado River and Its Canyons, particularly his account of his dealings with the Shivwit Indians, should be regarded with a “healthy dose of skepticism,” and that it embellishes and omits important facts [p. 245]. Is Krakauer himself a trustworthy guide to the events he describes in Under the Banner of Heaven? Are his writing and his judgments fair and reasonable? What makes them so?

13. What patterns emerge from looking at Mormon history? What do events like the Mountain Meadow massacre and the violence between Mormons and gentiles in Missouri and Illinois suggest about the nature of Mormonism? Have Mormons been more often the perpetrators or the victims of violence?

14. At the very end of the book, former Mormon fundamentalist DeLoy Bateman says that while the Mormon fundamentalists who live within Colorado City may be happier than those who live outside it, he believes that “some things in life are more important than being happy. Like being free to think for yourself” [p. 334]. Why does Krakauer end the book this way? In what ways are Mormons not free to think for themselves? Is such freedom more important than happiness?

What Our Readers Are Saying

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Average customer rating based on 6 comments:

Janet Harrison, January 30, 2013 (view all comments by Janet Harrison)
Fascinating history of the Fundamentalist Church of Latter Day Saints leading up to the Warren Jeffs scandal. In depth look at church founders Joseph Smith and Brigham Young, leading the pioneers from New York, through Missouri and Illinois, to Utah. The narration is intertwined with a detailed investigation of a murder plot involving members of the modern-day radical fundamentalist branches of the main church. Highly recommended!
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Janet Harrison, January 30, 2013 (view all comments by Janet Harrison)
Fascinating history of the Fundamentalist Church of Latter Day Saints leading up to the Warren Jeffs scandal. In depth look at church founders Joseph Smith and Brigham Young, leading the pioneers from New York, through Missouri and Illinois, to Utah. The narration is intertwined with a detailed investigation of a murder plot involving members of the modern-day radical fundamentalist branches of the main church. Highly recommended!
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Sierra Volk, September 24, 2011 (view all comments by Sierra Volk)
Every religion has its raw, burning core that simultaneously  inspires and terrifies its mainstream. (Zen Fundamentalists insist you must be two with everything.) 

"If Ron Lafferty is insane, it could be argued that so are most religious people. He believed he was receiving revelations from God, but revelation is a tenet of Mormonism. Despite carrying out horrible crimes, he felt he was doing the right thing, and was thus divorced from reality. But so is everyone who goes to war with a cross or a star or a crescent around their neck...."
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(3 of 4 readers found this comment helpful)
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Product Details

ISBN:
9781400032808
Author:
Krakauer, Jon
Publisher:
Anchor Books
Subject:
United States - 20th Century (1945 to present)
Subject:
Mormon fundamentalism.
Subject:
Christianity - Mormonism
Subject:
Murder - General
Subject:
Christianity - Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Da
Subject:
United States - 20th Century (1945 to 2000)
Subject:
Christianity - Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saomts (
Subject:
Christianity - Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (
Subject:
Murder
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Publication Date:
20040631
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
3 MAPS
Pages:
432
Dimensions:
8 x 5.2 x .9 in .75 lb

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Under the Banner of Heaven: A Story of Violent Faith Used Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
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Product details 432 pages Anchor Books - English 9781400032808 Reviews:
"Review" by , "Riveting....Intriguing....Breezy, smooth and vigorously written, this ambitious book is entertaining and informative....Krakauer reconstructs the Lafferty brothers' descent into fatal fanaticism magnificently, interweaving their story throughout the book and giving this wide-ranging work narrative coherence and emotional resonance....[He is] a superb storyteller."
"Review" by , "Well-researched and evenhanded....Thought-provoking."
"Review" by , "[T]old with raw narrative force and tight focus....Krakauer lays the portent on beautifully, building his tales carefully from the ground up until they irresistibly, spookily combust."
"Review" by , "In collecting evidence, Mr. Krakauer ventures out to a lunatic fringe of polygamous self-appointed prophets....[T]his book provides more voyeuristic astonishment than curiosity or understanding."
"Review" by , "Terrifying....Startling....Mov[es] deftly between past and present [and] provides a fascinating glimpse of the church today."
"Review" by , "Marvelous....A departure from Into Thin Air and Into the Wild...but every bit as engrossing."
"Review" by , "A fascinating page-turner....Engrossing....Krakauer's knack for crackling narrative and taut focus...drives this thought-provoking story."
"Review" by , "A powerful look at how religious belief can cross the line into fanaticism."
"Review" by , "A hair-raising true-crimer."
"Synopsis" by , Jon Krakauer's literary reputation rests on insightful chronicles of lives conducted at the outer limits. He now shifts his focus from extremes of physical adventure to extremes of religious belief within our own borders, taking readers inside isolated American communities where some 40,000 Mormon Fundamentalists still practice polygamy. Defying both civil authorities and the Mormon establishment in Salt Lake City, the renegade leaders of these Taliban-like theocracies are zealots who answer only to God.

At the core of Krakauer's book are brothers Ron and Dan Lafferty, who insist they received a commandment from God to kill a blameless woman and her baby girl. Beginning with a meticulously researched account of this appalling double murder, Krakauer constructs a multi-layered, bone-chilling narrative of messianic delusion, polygamy, savage violence, and unyielding faith. Along the way he uncovers a shadowy offshoot of Americas fastest growing religion, and raises provocative questions about the nature of religious belief.

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