Synopses & Reviews
In this volume, Henriksen offers the first extensive commentary on Book 9 of the Epigrams
of M. Valerius Martialis (ca
. AD 40-104), who published fifteen books of Epigrams
during the last two decades of the 1st century AD. Firmly established in a literary tradition that had begun in Greece more than half a millennium earlier, Martial's work represents the height of the development of ancient epigram. Conscious of his own times and society, Martial often engages current genres and his great Roman predecessors, such as Catullus, Vergil, and Ovid, in an intertextual dialogue.
First published in AD 94/95, Book 9 is the last book in the corpus of Martial to have been published in the reign of the emperor Domitian. While it presents the reader with the epigrammatist's characteristic variety of subjects drawn from contemporary Roman society and everyday life, it also contains a patently higher number of poems focusing on and eulogizing Domitian than any other book in the Epigrams. Unlike those of Book 8, the panegyrics in Book 9 are mixed with satirical and obscene epigrams, and the panegyrical tone is intensified. Book 9 also provides a conclusion to the large cycle on Domitian's Second Pannonian War that extends over Books 7, 8, and 9, the three books that have been termed Martial's 'Kaisertriade'.
A thoroughly revised and expanded edition of Henriksen's published thesis, the book consists of an introduction discussing the date, characteristics, structure, and themes of Book 9, followed by a detailed commentary on each of the 105 poems, which places them in their literary, social, and historical context.
About the Author
is Senior Lecturer in Latin at the Department of Linguistics and Philology, Uppsala University, and mainly works on various aspects of Martial's poetry, Roman verse inscriptions, and also on the development of dactylic verse in Greece and Rome and its use by different poets.
Table of Contents
1. The date of Book 9
2. General characteristics and metres
3. Themes and motifs in Book 9
4. The structure of Book 9
5. Some notes on the tradition of the manuscripts and on the text of Book 9
6. A note on the use of this commentary
Text and Commentary
Index of proper names
Temples and buildings
Latin words and expressions