Synopses & Reviews
More than any other text, A History of World Societies
introduces students to the families, foods, workplaces, religions, and diversions of peoples of the past through lively, descriptive writing and extensive primary sources that give voice to a wide range of individuals. This hallmark treatment of social history combines with strong political, cultural, and economic coverage and a clear, easy-to-manage organization to provide students with the most vivid account available of what life was like throughout human history.
The Eighth Edition welcomes to the author team Merry Wiesner-Hanks and Clare Crowston, experienced world-history teachers and highly regarded scholars who bring additional attention to gender and cultural history. It also expands the text's global perspective by strengthening coverage of non-Western topics and comparisons among world societies. A fresh, colorful look and a completely new map program showcase a narrative that the authors judiciously shortened for even greater power and accessibility.
Bedford/St. Martins is proud to have recently acquired the stellar McKay franchise in World History and Western Civilization. These wonderful books fit well with our publishing philosophy at Bedford/St. Martins, emphasizing innovation, quality, and a focus on the needs of students and instructors. We hope to contribute to their future success with the care and attention to detail we give every book we publish.
More than any other text, A History of World Societies uses vibrant social history to introduce students to the global past. The texts highly teachable organization uses a regional and comparative approach to provide a manageable global perspective. Attention to non-Western topics is strengthened in the new edition with fresh scholarship and perspectives, including more on gender and cultural history contributed by authors Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks and Clare Haru Crowston, who join the books team of experienced area specialists and teachers. Shortened for greater accessibility and enhanced by a new design, maps, and pedagogy, this best-selling text is now even easier to learn and teach from.
This two-volume primary-source collection provides a diverse selection of documents to accompany each chapter of A History of World Societies
, Eighth Edition. Each chapter of Sources of World Societies
contains at least four written sources that present history from the perspectives of well-known figures and ordinary individuals alike. Chapter introductions offer an overview of the period under discussion, and document headnotes and reading and discussion questions encourage student understanding. Each chapter concludes with a list of comparative questions that ask students to make connections between sources and across time.
Sources of World History is FREE when packaged with A History of World Societies. For more information on the reader or on package ISBNs, please contact your local sales representative or click here.
About the Author
John P. McKay
, Professor of History at the University of Illinois, received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1968. Author of three books, he won the Herbert Baxter Adams Award from the American Historical Association with his Pioneers for Profit. He is a Senior Fulbright Fellow and recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship.
Bennett D. Hill (deceased), a former Chairman and Professor of History at the University of Illinois, received his Ph.D. from Princeton in 1963. He taught at the University of Maryland and was most recently a visiting professor at Georgetown University. He published two books and many journal articles. Roger B. Beck is a scholar and teacher of African and twentieth-century world history. His publications include The History of South Africa, a translation of P. J. van der Merwe's The Migrant Farmer in the History of the Cape Colony, 1657-1842, and more than seventy-five articles, book chapters, and reviews. Clare H. Crowston, Associate Professor of History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, earned her B.A. in 1985 from McGill University and her Ph.D. in 1996 from Cornell University. The author of many articles, she has also written Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791 (Duke University Press, 2001), which won two awards, the Berkshire Prize and the Hagley Prize. She is a past-President of the Society for French Historical Studies and a former chair of the Pinkney Prize Committee.
John Buckler, a Professor of History at the University of Illinois, earned his doctorate at Harvard University in 1973. He has published numerous journal articles and written a monograph, The Theban Hegemony, published by Harvard University Press.
Patricia B. Ebrey, Professor with Joint Appointment: Early Imperial China, Song Dynasty, at the University of Washington in Seattle, received her Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1975. She has published numerous journal articles and published The Cambridge Illustrated History of China (Cambridge University Press, 1996), as well as numerous monographs. Merry Wiesner-Hanks, UWM Distinguished Professor at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, earned her B.A. from Grinnell College in 1973 and her Ph.D. in 1979 at University of Wisconsin - Madison. She is the co-editor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of nineteen books and many articles that have appeared in many languages. She is currently the Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Early Civilizations of the Near East, to 464 B.C.E Birth and Growth of Mesopotamian Civilization (ca 3000-2331 B.C.E.) The Invention of Writing and Intellectual Advances (ca 3000-2331 B.C.E.) Sumerian Thought and Religion Sumerian Society The Triumph of Babylon and the Spread of Mesopotamian Civilization (2331-ca 1595 B.C.E.) Egypt, the Land of the Pharaohs (3100-1200 B.C.E.) The God-King of Egypt The Pharaohs People The Hyksos in Egypt (1640-1570 B.C.E) The New Kingdom: Revival and Empire (1570-1075 B.C.E) Individuals in Society: Nefertiti The Rise of the Hittites A Shattered Egypt and a Rising Phoenicia The Children of Isreal Daily Life in Israel Assyria, the Military Monarchy (859-612 B.C.E) The Empire of the Persian Kings (ca 1000-464 B.C.E) The Creation of the Persian Empire (550-464 B.C.E) The Religion of Zoroaster The Span of the Persian Empire
Chapter 2: The Foundation of Indian Society, to 300 C.E. The Land and Its First Settlers (ca3000-1500 B.C.E) The Aryans and the Vedic Age (ca 1500-500 B.C.E) Early Indian Society, 1000-500 B.C.E. Brahmanism Indias Great Religions Jainism Individuals in Society: Gosala Siddhartha Gautama and Buddhism Hinduism India and the West (ca 513-298 B.C.E) The Mauryan Empire (ca 322-185 B.C.E) The Reign of Ashoka (ca 269-232 B.C.E) Small States and the Trading Networks (200 B.C.E. -300 C.E. Chapter 3: Chinas Classical Age, to 256 B.C.E. The Emergence of Civilization in China The Neolithic Age The Shang Dynasty (ca 1500-ca1050 B.C.E) The Early Zhou Dynasty (ca 1050-500 BCE) Zhou Politics Zhou Society The Warring States Period (500-221 BCE) Confucius and His Followers Individuals in Society: Guan Zhong Daoism, Legalism, and Other Schools of Thought Daoism Legalism Yin and Yang Chapter 4: The Greek Experience (ca 3500-146 B.C.E) The Polis (ca 800 B.C.E) The Archaic Age (ca 800-500 B.C.E) Overseas Expansion The Growth of Sparta The Evolution of Athens The Classical Period (500-338 B.C.E) The Deadly Conflicts (499-404 B.C.E) Athenian Arts in the Age of Pericles Aspects of Social Life in Athens Greek Religion The Flowering of Philosophy From Polis to Monarchy (404-323 B.C.E) The Spread of Hellenism Cities and Kingdoms Building a Shared Society The Economic Scope of the Hellenistic World Hellenistic Intellectual Advances Religion in the Hellenistic World Philosophy and the People Hellenistic Science Individuals in Society: Archimedes Hellenistic Medicine Chapter 5: The World of Rome (753 B.C.E- 479 C.E.) The Etruscans and Rome (ca 750-290 B.C.E) The Etruscans and the Roman Settlement of Italy (ca 750-509 B.C.E) The Roman Conquest of Italy (509-209 B.C.E) The Roman Republic Social Conflict in Rome Roman Expansion and Its Repercussions (282-27 B.C.E) The Age of Overseas Conquest (282-45 B.C.E) Old Values and Greek Culture The Late Republic (133-31 B.C.E) The Pax Romana Augustuss Settlement (31 B.C.E-14 C.E) Administration and Expansion under Augustus The Coming of Christianity Unrest in Judaea The Life and Teachings of Jesus The Spread of Christianity The Appeal of Christianity The "Golden" Age Individuals in Society: Plutarch of Chaironeia Life in the Golden Age Rome and the East (235-284 C.E.) Conflict and Commerce between Rome and Parthia Contacts Between Rome and China The Empire from crisis to Triumph (284-337 C.E.) Reconstruction under Diocletian and Constantine (284-337 C.E.) The Acceptance of Christianity The Construction of Constantinople From the Classical World to Late Antiquity Chapter 6: East Asia and the Spread of Buddhism, 256 B.C.E.-800 C.E. The Age of Empire in China The Qin Unification (256-206 BCE) The Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE) Inner Asia and the Silk Road Han Intellectual and Cultural Life Economy and Society in Han China Individuals in Society: The Ban Family China and Rome The Fall of the Han and the Age of Division The Spread of Buddhism Out of India The Chinese Empire Re-created: Sui (581-618) and Tang (618-907) The Tang Dynasty (618-907) Tang Culture The East Asian Cultural Sphere Vietnam Korea Japan Chapter 7: Europe and Western Asia, ca 350-850 The Byzantine Empire Sources of Byzantine Strength The Sasanid Kingdom of Persia and Byzantium Individuals in Society: Theodora of Constantinople The Law Code of Justinian Byzantine Intellectual Life Constantinople: The Second Rome The Growth of the Christian Church The Church and its Leaders The Western Church and the Eastern Church The Iconoclastic Controversy Christian Monasticism Christian Ideas and Practices Adjustment to Classical Culture Saint Augustine Missionary Activity Conversion and Assimilation Migrating Peoples Celts, Huns, and Germans Barbarian Society Social and Economic Structures The Frankish Kingdom Charlemagne Chapter 8: The Islamic World, ca 600-1400 The Origins of Islam Muhammad The Islamic Faith Islamic States and Their Expansion Reasons for the Spread of Islam The Caliphate The Abbasid Caliphate Administration of the Islamic Territories Fragmentation and Military Challenges (900-1400) The Ascendancy of the Turks The Mongols Invasions Muslim Society: The Life of the People The Classes of Society Slavery Women in Classical Islamic Society Trade and Commerce Cultural Developments Individuals in Society: Abu ‘Abdallah Ibn Battuta Education and Intellectual Life Sufism Muslim-Christian Encounters. Chapter 9: African Societies and Kingdoms, ca 400-1450 The Land and Peoples of Africa Egypt, Africa, and Race Early African Societies Bantu Migrations Kingdoms of the Western Sudan, ca 1000 BCE-1500 CE The Trans-Saharan Trade African Kingdoms and Empires (ca 800-1450) The Kingdom of Ghana (ca 900-1100) The Kingdom of Mali (ca1200-1450) Ethiopia: the Christian Kingdom of Axum Individuals in Society: Amda Siyon The East African City-States Southern Africa Chapter 10: Civilizations of the Americas, 2500 BCE- 1500 CE The Early Peoples of the Americas Settling the Americas The Development of Agriculture Early Civilizations Mounds, Towns, and Trade in North and South America The Olmecs Classical Era Mesoamerica and North America Maya Technology and Trade Maya Science and Religion Teotihuacán and the Toltecs Hohokam, Hopewell, and Mississippian The Aztecs Religion and War in Aztec Society Individuals in Society: Tlacaélel The Life of the People The Cities of the Aztecs The Incas Earlier Peruvian Cultures Inca Imperialism Inca Society Chapter 11: Central and Southern Asia, to 1400 Central Asian Nomads The Turks The Mongols Daily Life Chinggis Khan and the Mongol Empire Chinggiss Successors The Mongols as Rulers East-West Communication During the Mongol Era India, 300-1400 The Gupta Empire (ca 320-480) Indias Medieval Age (ca 500-1400) and the First Encounter with Islam Individuals in Society: Bhaskara the Teacher Daily Life in Medieval India Southeast Asia, to 1400 The Spread of Indian Culture in Comparative Perspective Chapter 12: East Asia, ca 800-1400 The Medieval Chinese Economic Revolution (800-1100) China During the Song Dynasty (960-1279) The Scholar-Officials and New-Confucianism Individuals in Society: Shen Gua Womens Lives Japans Heian Period (794-1185) Fujiwara Rule Aristocratic Culture The Samurai and The Kamakura Shogunate (1185-1333) Military Rule Cultural Trends Chapter 13: Europe in the Middle Ages, 850-1400 Political Developments Feudalism and Manorialism Invasions and Migrations The Restoration of Order Law and Justice Revival and Reform in the Christian Church Monastic Reforms Individuals in Society: Hildegard of Bingen Papal Reforms Popular Religion The Expansion of Latin Christendom Toward a Christian Society The Crusades Background of the Crusades The Course of the Crusades Consequences The Changing Life of the People Those Who Work Those Who Fight Towns and Cities The Expansion of Long-Distance Trade The Culture of the Middle Ages Universities and Scholasticism Cathedrals Troubadour Poetry Crises of the Later Middle Ages The Great Famine and the Black Death The Hundred Years War Challenges to the Church Peasant and Urban Revolts Chapter 14: Europe in the Renaissance and Reformation, 1350-1600 Renaissance Culture Economic and Political Context Intellectual Change Individuals in Society: Leonardo Da Vinci Secularism Christian Humanism The Printed Word Art and the Artist Social Hierarchies Race Class Gender Politics and the State in the Renaissance (ca 1450-1521) France England Spain The Habsburgs The Protestant Reformation Criticism of the Church Martin Luther Protestant Thought and Its Appeal The Radical Reformation and the German Peasants War The Reformation and Marriage The Reformation and German Politics The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Calvinism The Catholic Reformation The Reformed Papacy and the Council of Trent New Religious Orders Religious Violence French Religious Wars The Netherlands Under Charles V The Great European Witch-Hunt Chapter 15: The Acceleration of Global Contact The Indian Ocean: Hub of an Afro-Eurasian Trading World People and Cultures Religious Revolutions Trade and Commerce European Discovery, Reconnaissance, and Expansion Causes of European Expanision Technological Stimuli to Exploration The Portuguese Overseas Empire Individuals in Society: Zheng He The Problem of Christopher Columbus New World Conquest The Impact of Contact Colonial Administration The Columbian Exchange Spanish Settlement and Indigenous Population Decline Sugar and Slavery Global Trade Networks The Chinese and Japanese Discovery of the West The World-Wide Economic Effects of Spanish Silver Chapter 16: Absolutism and Constitutionalism in Europe, ca 1589-1725 Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding Economic and Demographic Crisis The Return of Serfdom in the East The Thirty Years War Seventeenth-Century State-Building: Common Obstacles and Achievements Absolutism in France and Spain The Foundations of Absolutism: Henry IV, Sully, and Richelieu Louis XIV and Absolutism Financial and Economic Management Under Louis XIV: Colbert Louis XIVs Wars The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century Absolutism in Eastern Europe: Austria, Prussia, and Russia The Austrian Habsburgs Prussia in the Seventeenth Century The Consolidation of Prussian Absolutism The Mongol Yoke and the Rise of Moscow Tsar and People to 1689 The Reforms of Peter the Great Constitutionalism Absolutist Claims in England (1603-1649) Religious Divides Puritanical Absolutism in England: Cromwell and the Protectorate The Restoration of the English Monarchy The Triumph of Englands Parliament: Constitutional Monarchy and Cabinet Government The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century Individuals in Society: Glückel of Hameln Chapter 17: Toward a New Worldview in the West The Scientific Revolution Scientific Thought in 1500 The Copernican Hypothesis From Brahe to Galileo Newtons Synthesis Causes of the Scientific Revolution Science and Society The Enlightenment The Emergence of the Enlightenment The Philosophes and the Public Urban Culture and the Public Sphere Late Enlightenment Race and the Enlightenment The Enlightenment and Absolutism Frederick the Great of Prussia Individuals in Society: Moses Mendelssohn and the Jewish Enlightenment Catherine the Great of Russia The Austrian Habsburgs Chapter 18: Africa and the World, ca 1400-1800 Senegambia and Benin Women, Marriage, and Work Trade and Industry The Sudan: Songhay, Kanem-Bornu, and Hausaland Ethiopia The Swahili City-States The African Slave Trade The Atlantic Slave Trade Individuals in Society: Olaudah Equiano Consequences Within Africa Chapter 19: The Islamic World Powers, ca 1400-1800 The Three Turkish Ruling Houses: The Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals The Ottoman Turkish Empire Individuals in Society: Hürrem The Safavid Theoracy in Persia The Mughal Empire in India Cultural Flowering City and Palace Building Intellectual and Religious Trends Coffee Houses Non-Muslims Under Muslim Rule Shifting Trade Routes and European Penetration European Rivalry for the Indian Trade Factory-Fort Societies The Rise of the British East India Company Dynastic Decline Chapter 20: Continuity and Change in East Asia, ca 1400-1800 Ming China, 1368-1644 Problems with the Imperial Institution The Mongols and the Great Wall The Examination Life Life of the People Individuals in Society: Tan Yunxian, Woman Doctor Ming Decline The Manchus and Qing China, 1644-1800 Competent and Long-Lived Emperors Imperial Expansion Japans Middle Ages Muromachi Culture Civil War The Victors: Nobunaga and Hideyoshi The Tokugawa Shogunate Commercialization The Life of the People in the Edo Period East Asian Maritime Trade and Piracy Zheng Hes Voyages Piracy and Japans Overseas Adventures Europeans Enter the Scene Missionaries Learning from the West British Efforts to Expand Trade with China in the Eighteenth Century Chapter 21:The Revolution in Politics, 1775-1815 Background to Revolution Legal Orders and Social Change The Crisis of Political Legitimacy The Impact of the American Revolution Financial Crisis Revolution in Metropole and Colony, 1789-1791 The Formation of the National Assembly The Revolt of the Poor and the Oppressed A Limited Monarchy Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue World War and Republican France, 1791-1799 Foreign Reactions and the Beginning of War The Second Revolution Total War and the Terror Revolution in Saint-Domingue The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory, 1794-1799 The Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815 Napoleons Rule of France Napoleons Expansion in Europe The War of Haitian Independence The Grand Empire and Its End Chapter 22: The Industrial Revolution in Europe, ca 1780-1860 The Initial Breakthrough in England Eighteenth-Century Origins The Agricultural Revolution The Growth of Foreign Trade The First Factories Energy and Transportation The Problem of Energy The Steam Engine Breakthrough The Coming of the Railroads Industry and Population Industrialization in Continental Europe National Variations The Challenge of Industrialization Agents of Industrialization Capital and Labor The New Class of Factory Owners The New Factory Workers Individuals in Society: The Strutt Family Conditions of Work The Sexual Division of Labor The Early Labor Movement Chapter 23: The Triumph of Nationalism in Europe, 1815-1914 Peace, Radical Ideas, and Romanticism The Peace Settlement Liberalism Nationalism Socialism Romanticism Reforms and Revolutions, 1815-1850 Liberal Reform in Great Britain Revolutions in France The Revolutions of 1848 in Central Europe Nation Building in Italy, Germany, and Russia Cavour, Garibaldi, and the Unification of Italy Bismarck and German Unification Individuals in Society: Giuseppe Garibaldi The Modernization of Russia Life in Urban Society Taming the City Social Structure and The Middle Classes The Working Classes The Changing Family Science and Culture The Responsive National State, 1871-1914 The German Empire Republican France Great Britain and the Austro-Hungarian Empire Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism The Socialist Movement Chapter 24: Africa, Southwest Asia, and Western Imperialism, 1800-1914 Industrialization and the World Economy The Rise of Global Inequality The World Market The Great Migration Western Imperialism, 1880-1914 Causes of the New Imperialism Western Critics of Imperialism African and Asian Resistance The Islamic Heartland Under Pressure Decline and Reform in the Ottoman Empire Egypt: From Reform to British Occupation Sub-Saharan Africa: From the Slave Trade to European Rule African Trade and Social Change (1800-1880) Islamic Revival and Expansion The Seizure of Africa (1880-1902) Southern Africa in the Nineteenth Century The Imperial System (1900-1930) Chapter 25: Asia in the Era of Imperialism, 1800-1914 India and the British Empire in Asia Competition for Southeast Asia The Dutch East Indies Mainland Southeast Asia The Philippines China Under Pressure The Opium War Internal Problems The Self-Strengthening Movement The End of the Monarchy in China Japans Rapid Transformation The Opening of Japan The Meiji Restoration Industrialization Japan as an Imperial Power The Movement of Peoples Westerners to Asia Asian Emigration Individuals in Society: Jose Rizal Chapter 26: Nation Building in the Western Hemisphere and Australia Latin America, 1800-1929 The Origins of the Revolutions Resistance and Rebellion Independence Neocolonialism The Impact of Immigration The United States, 1789-1929 Manifest Destiny Black Slavery in the South Individuals in Society: Crazy Horse The Civil War Industrialization and Immigration Canada, from French Colony to Nation Australia, from Penal Colony to Nation The New Countries in Comparative Perspective Chapter 27: The Great Break: War and Revolution The First World War The Bismarckian System of Alliances The Rival Blocs The Outbreak of War Stalemate and Slaughter The Widening War The Home Front Mobilizing for Total War The Social Impact Growing Political Tensions Individuals in Society: Vera Brittain The Russian Revolution The Fall of Imperial Russia The Provisional Government Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution Dictatorship and Civil War The Peace Settlement The End of the War The Treaty of Versailles American Rejection of the Versailles Treaty Chapter 28: Nationalism in Asia, 1914-1939 The First World War and Western Imperialism The Middle East The First World War and the Arab Revolt The Turkish Revolution Iran and Afghanistan The Arab States and Palestine Toward Self-Rule in India Promises and Repression (1914-1919) The Roots of Militant Nonviolence Gandhi Leads the Way Turmoil in East Asia The Rise of Nationalist China Chinas Intellectual Revolution From Liberalism to Ultranationalism in Japan Individuals in Society: Ning Lao Japan Against China Southeast Asia Chapter 29: The Age of Anxiety in the West Uncertainty in Modern Thought Modern Philosophy The Revival of Christianity The New Physics Freudian Psychology Twentieth-Century Literature Modern Art and Music Architecture and Design Modern Painting and Music Movies and Radio The Search for Peace and Political Stability Germany and the Western Powers Hope in Foreign Affairs (1924-1929) Individuals in Society: Gustav Stresemann The Great Depression (1929-1939) The Economic Crisis Mass Unemployment The New Deal in the United States The Scandinavian Response to the Depression Recovery and Reform in Britain and France Chapter 30: Dictatorships and the Second World War Authoritarian States Conservative Authoritarianism Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships Stalins Soviet Union From Lenin to Stalin The Five-Year Plans Life and Culture in Soviet Society Stalinist Terror and the Great Purges Mussolini and Fascism in Italy The Seizure of Power The Regime in Action Hitler and Nazism in Germany The Roots of Nazism Hitlers Road to Power The Nazi State and Society Hitlers Popularity Aggression and Appeasement (1933-1939) The Second World War Hitlers Empire in Europe, 1939-1942 Individuals in Society: Primo Levi Japans Asian Empire The Grand Alliance The War in Europe, 1942-1945 The War in the Pacific, 1942-1945 Chapter 31:Global Recovery and Division Between Superpowers The Division of Europe The Origins of the Cold War West Versus East Renaissance and Crisis in Western Europe The Postwar Challenge "Building Europe" and Decolonization The Changing Class Structure Economic and Social Dislocation, 1970-1990 The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, 1945-1991 Stalins Last Years Limited De-Stalinization and Stagnation The Gorbachev The Revolutions of 1989 Cold War Finale and Soviet Disintegration Individuals in Society: Vaclav Havel The United States: Confrontation and Transformation Americas Economic Boom and Civil Rights Revolution Youth and the Counterculture The United States in World Affairs, 1964-1991 Japans Resurgence as a First World Power Japans American Revolution "Japan, Inc" Japan in the Post-Cold War World The Post-Cold War Era in Europe, 1991 to the Present Common Patterns and Problems Recasting Eastern Europe and Russia Without Communism Chapter 32: Latin America, Asia, and Africa in the Contemporary World Latin America: Moving Toward Democracy Economic Nationalism in Latin America Authoritarianism and Democracy in Latin America Latin America in the 1990s The Resurgence of East Asia The Communist Victory in China Maos China The Limits of Reform The Asian "Economic Tigers" Political and Economic Progress in Southeast Asia The Reunification of Vietnam New Nations and Old Rivalries in South Asia The End of British India Pakistan and Bangladesh India Since Independence The Islamic Heartland The Arab-Israeli Conflict The Development of Egypt Israel and the Palestinians Nationalism, Fundamentalism, and Competition Algeria and Civil War Imperialism and Nationalism in Sub-Saharan Africa The Growth of African Nationalism Achieving Independence with New Leaders Ghana Shows the Way French-Speaking Regions Sub-Saharan Africa Since 1960 Striving for National Unity Nigeria, Africas Giant Individuals in Society: Leopold Sedar Senghor The Struggle in Southern Africa Political Reform in Africa Since 1990 Interpreting the Experiences of the Emerging World Chapter 33: A New Era in World History Global Unity or Continued Division Nation-States and the United Nations Complexity and Violence in a Multipolar World The Terrorist Threat Weapons of Mass Destruction Global Interdependence Multinational Corporations Industrialization and Modernization Agriculture and the Green Revolution The Economics and Politics of Globalization Pressure on Vital Resources and Economic Development The Growth of Cities, 1945 to the Present Rapid Urbanization Overcrowding and Shantytowns Rich and Poor Urban Migrations and the Family Urbanization and Agriculture Science and Technology: Changes and Challenges The Medical Revolution Population Change: Balancing the Numbers Global Epidemics Environmentalism Mass Communication Social Reform and Progress Women: The Right to Equality Children: The Right to Childhood Education Individuals in Society: His Holiness the Fourteenth Dalai Lama