Synopses & Reviews
Consistent with previous editions of An Introduction to Physical Science, the goal of the new Thirteenth edition is to stimulate students' interest in and gain knowledge of the physical sciences. Presenting content in such a way that students develop the critical reasoning and problem-solving skills that are needed in an ever-changing technological world, the authors emphasize fundamental concepts as they progress through the five divisions of physical sciences: physics, chemistry, astronomy, meteorology, and geology. Ideal for a non-science majors course, topics are treated both descriptively and quantitatively, providing instructors the flexibility to emphasize an approach that works best for their students. Featuring the same content and coverage as the full text along with our integrated digital homework solution, Enhanced WebAssign with the Cengage YouBook, the Hybrid version offers unparalleled value. Now your students can have a more interactive learning experience, with the convenience of a text that is both brief and affordable. Cengage YouBook offers instructors the easiest means to quickly personalize course materials, including embedding videos, original material, and section level customization.
About the Author
Dr. James T. Shipman was a long-time physics educator at Ohio University, his alma mater, and was Professor Emeritus until his passing in 2009. Jerry Wilson received his physics degrees from Ohio University (B.S., Ph.D.) and Union College in Schenectady, New York (M.S.). In addition to co-writing PHYSICS LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS, he is one of the original authors of the first edition of AN INTRODUCTION OF PHYSICAL SCIENCE (published in 1971) and has several other physics textbooks to his credit. Wilson is currently Emeritus Professor of Physics at Lander University in Greenwood, South Carolina. Chuck Higgins received his B.S. degree in physics from the University of Alabama in Huntsville in 1988 and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees form the University of Florida in 1996. Areas of interest and research include planetary radio astronomy and astronomy education and public outreach. He is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Middle Tennessee State University in Mufreesboro, Tennessee. He is the 2007-8 recipient of the MTSU Outstanding Teacher Award, and is also the recipient of the NASA Excellence in Outreach Award for his work on NASA's Radio Jove Project in 2005.
Table of Contents
1. MEASUREMENT. The Physical Sciences. Scientific Investigation. The Senses. Highlight: The "Face" on Mars. Standard Units and Systems of Units. Conceptual Question and Answer: Time and Time Again. More on the Metric System. Derived Units and Conversion Factors. Significant Figures. Highlight: Is Unit Conversion Important? It Sure Is. 2. MOTION. Defining Motion. Speed and Velocity. Acceleration. Highlight: Galileo and the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Conceptual Question and Answer: And the Winner Is . . . ? Acceleration in Uniform Circular Motion. Projectile Motion. Conceptual Question and Answer: Hanging in There. 3. FORCE AND MOTION. Force and Net Force. Newton's First Law of Motion. Newton's Second Law of Motion. Conceptual Question and Answer: Fundamental Is Fundamental. Newton's Third Law of Motion. Newton's Law of Gravitation. Highlight: The Automobile Air Bag. Conceptual Question and Answer: A Lot of Mass. Archimedes' Principle and Buoyancy. Conceptual Question and Answer: Float the Boat. Highlight: Surface Tension, Water Striders, and Soap Bubbles. Momentum. 4. WORK AND ENERGY. Work. Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy. Conservation of Energy. Power. Forms of Energy and Consumption. Highlight: Ice That Burns x. Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources. Highlight: Hybrids and Hydrogen. 5. TEMPERATURE AND HEAT. Temperature. Heat. Highlight: Freezing from the Top Down. Specific Heat and Latent Heat. Heat Transfer. Phases of Matter. The Kinetic Theory of Gases. Highlight: Hot Gases: Aerosol Cans and Popcorn. Thermodynamics. 6. WAVES AND SOUND. Waves and Energy Propagation. Wave Properties. Light Waves. Sound Waves. Highlight: Noise Exposure Limits. The Doppler Effect. Standing Waves and Resonance. 7. OPTICS AND WAVE EFFECTS. Reflection. Refraction and Dispersion. Highlight: The Rainbow: Dispersion and Internal Reflection. Spherical Mirrors. Lenses. Polarization. Diffraction and Interference. Highlight: Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs). 8. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM. Electric Charge, Electric Force, and Electric Field. Current, Voltage, and Electrical Power. Highlight: United States and Europe: Different Voltages. Simple Electric Circuits and Electrical Safety. Highlight: Electrical Effects on Humans. Magnetism. Electromagnetism. Highlight: Magnetic North Pole. 9. ATOMIC PHYSICS. Early Concepts of the Atom. The Dual Nature of Light. Highlight: Albert Einstein. Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atom. Microwave Ovens, X-Rays, and Lasers. Highlight: The X-Ray CAT Scan and MRI. Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle. Matter Waves. Highlight: Electron Microscopes. The Electron Cloud Model of the Atom. 10. NUCLEAR PHYSICS. Symbols of the Elements. The Atomic Nucleus. Radioactivity and Half-Life. Highlight: The Discovery of Radioactivity. Nuclear Reactions. Nuclear Fission. Highlight: Number of Naturally-Occurring Elements--A Quandary. Nuclear Fusion. Effects of Radiation. Elementary Particles. Highlight: Nuclear Power and Waste Disposal. 11. THE CHEMICAL ELEMENTS. Classification of Matter. Discovery of the Elements. Highlight: Berzelius (the man), and Selenium and Silicon (the elements). Occurrence of the Elements. The Periodic Table. Naming Compounds. Groups of Elements. 12. CHEMICAL BONDING. Law of Conservation of Mass. Highlight: Lavoisier, "The Father of Chemistry." Law of Definite Proportions. Dalton's Atomic Theory. Ionic Bonding. Highlight: Automatic Sunglasses. Covalent Bonding. Hydrogen Bonding. 13. CHEMICAL REACTIONS. Balancing Chemical Equations. Energy and Rate of Reaction. Highlight: The Chemistry of Air Bags. Acids and Bases. Highlight: The Chemistry of Tooth Decay. Single-Replacement Reactions. Avogadro's Number. 14. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. Bonding in Organic Compounds. Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Aliphatic Hydrocarbons. Highlight: Tanning in the Shade. Derivatives of Hydrocarbons. Highlight: Veggie Gasoline? Synthetic Polymers. Biochemistry. 15. PLACE AND TIME. Cartesian Coordinates. Latitude and Longitude. Highlight: Global Positioning System (GPS). Time. Determining Latitude and Longitude. Highlight: Daylight Saving Time. The Seasons and the Calendar. Precession of the Earth's Axis. Highlight: A Brief History of the Calendar 16. THE SOLAR SYSTEM. The Solar System and Planetary Motion. Major Planet Classifications and Orbits. The Planet Earth--Third Planet from the Sun. The Terrestrial Planets. The Jovian Planets. Highlight: Solar System Exploration: Gravity Assists. The Dwarf Planets. The Origin of the Solar System. Other Planetary Systems. Highlight: The Kepler Mission. 17. MOONS AND SMALLER SOLAR SYSTEM BODIES. Features of the Earth's Moon. Lunar Motion Effects: Phases, Eclipses, and Tides. Highlight: Seeing Only One Side of the Moon. Moons of the Terrestrial Planets. Moons of the Jovian Planets. Moons of the Dwarf Planets. Highlight: Trans-Neptunian Objects (TNOs). Small Solar System Bodies: Asteroids, Meteoroids, Comets, and Interplanetary Dust. 18. THE UNIVERSE. The Celestial Sphere. The Sun: Our Closest Star. Classifying Stars. Highlight: Determining Astronomical Distances. The Life Cycle of Low-Mass Stars. The Life Cycle of High-Mass Stars. Galaxies. Cosmology. Highlight: The Age of the Universe. 19. THE ATMOSPHERE. Composition and Structure. Atmospheric Energy Content. Highlight: Blue Skies and Red Sunsets. Highlight: The Greenhouse Effect. Atmospheric Measurements and Observations. Air Motion. Clouds. Highlight: Cloud Families and Types. 20. ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS. Condensation and Precipitation. Air Masses. Highlight: El Nino (the Little Boy) and La Nina (the Little Girl). Storms. Conceptual Question and Answer: What a Thundersnow! Conceptual Question and Answer: Snowy Cold. Highlight: Wind Chill Temperature Index. Atmospheric Pollution. Conceptual Question and Answer: A Laughing Matter. Highlight: Naming Hurricanes. Conceptual Question and Answer: There She Blows. Climate and Pollution. Conceptual Question and Answer: Ruminating up Some CH4. Highlight: The Ozone Hole and Global Warming. 21. STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND PLATE TECTONICS. The Earth's Interior Structure. Continental Drift and Seafloor Spreading. Plate Tectonics. Highlight: Crustal Motion on Other Planets and Moons. Plate Motion and Volcanoes. Earthquakes. Highlight: Earthquake Risk in North America. Crustal Deformation and Mountain Building. Highlight: Deadly Tsunamis. 22. MINERALS, ROCKS, AND VOLCANOES. Minerals. Rocks. Igneous Rocks. Igneous Activity and Volcanoes. Highlight: Making Gold in an Active Volcano. Sedimentary Rocks. Metamorphic Rocks. 23. SURFACE PROCESSES. Weathering. Erosion. Groundwater. Highlight: The Earth's Largest Crystals. Shoreline and Seafloor Topography. Highlight: The Highest Tides in the World. 24. GEOLOGIC TIME. Fossils. Highlight: How Fossils Are Formed. Relative Geologic Time. Radiometric Dating. The Age of the Earth. The Geologic Time Scale. Highlight: The K-T Event: The Disappearance of the Dinosaurs.