Synopses & Reviews
Applied English Phonology
responds to the need for a practical and accessible source on applied phonology for students from applied linguistics, TESOL, and speech pathology programs. It does so by covering the fundamental aspects of the English sound system, including basic phonetic elements, phonemics, allophonic rules of English consonants and vowels, phonotactics, and stress and intonation.
This new edition has been thoroughly revised and extended and now includes numerous sound files for transcription practice, new exercises, explanations of sociophonetic variation, andsystematic and expanded coverage of regional vowel shifts in the United States. It also includes entirely new sections on the role of Optimality Theory and perception in second language phonology. All chapters include extensive and updated exercises to aid students in both their grasp of the subject and their effective assimilation of material.
The Instructor’s Manual and sound files are available at www.wiley.com/go/yavas.
Review for previous edition:
"Applied English Phonology is original and unique among books of its sort … In addition to covering segmental phonetics, syllable structure, word stress and English intonation in a clear and accessible manner, it also incorporates an introduction to acoustic phonetics and to graphophonemics. I know of no other introduction to English phonetics and phonology which covers all of this … A well-conceived, well-written and well-executed book." (Linguistics)
"The second edition of Applied English Phonology
by Mehmet Yavas is a real gem. This volume is designed to ensure student learning. It has everything: sound files, easy to follow summaries, exercises and problems, a comprehensive glossary, and extended readings. The most current theoretical perspectives are not only represented, but accessible. It's refreshing to come across a text that is as well packaged as this one!"Judith A. Gierut, Indiana University
"This text is a highly readable introduction to applied phonology, filled with interesting examples illustrating professionally relevant concepts. Well-planned exercises not only enhance comprehension, but they also invite application. Applied English Phonology is an indispensible resource for applied linguistics and speech-language pathology!"
Thomas W. Powell, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport
"This revised and expanded edition of Applied English Phonology retains the clarity and the careful organization of the original edition while greatly increasing its depth and scope. The book remains an excellent introduction to phonetics and phonology and their practical applications."
Robert Carlisle, California State University - Bakersfield
Praise for Previous edition:
"A detailed description of English phonetics and phonology that can be easily understood by those with no prior training in linguistics. This volume provides excellent background information for teachers of ESL/EFL."
Roy Major, Arizona State University
"Written in an accessible format, Applied English Phonology combines foundational information on phonetics and phonology with their relation to practical application. This volume makes an outstanding contribution to the field of applied phonology and will be a welcome addition to practitioners in a variety of professions."
Brian Goldstein, Temple University
Applied English Phonology
has been extensively revised and expanded, using an accessible style and numerous exercises to explore the fundamental aspects of the English sound system.
- Covers the fundamental aspects of the English sound system, including basic phonetic elements; phonemics; allophonic rules of English consonants and vowels; phonotactics; and stress and intonation
- Includes brand new sections on U.S. regional vowel shifts, sociophonetic variations, and the role of perception and Optimality Theory with reference to second language phonology
- Accompanied by new sound files for numerous transcription exercises
- Incorporates extensive exercises to aid students in understanding and assimilating the material more effectively
- Supported by an Instructors’ Manual for lecturers, available on publication at www.wiley.com/go/yavas
About the Author
Mehmet Yavaş is Professor of Linguistics at Florida International University. He has published numerous articles on Applied Phonology and is the principal author of Avaliacao Fonologica da Crianca, a phonological assessment procedure for Brazilian Portuguese. He is also author of Phonological Disorders in Children (1991), First and Second Language Phonology (1994), and Phonology: Development and Disorders (1998).
Table of Contents
Preface to Second Edition.
Note to the Instructor.
Chapter 1: Phonetics.
1.2 Phonetic Transcription.
1.3 Description and Articulation of Sounds of English.
1.3.1 The vocal tract.
1.3.3 Places of articulation.
1.3.4 Manners of articulation.
1.3.5 Voice onset time.
1.3.6 Vowels and diphthongs.
1.4 Additional Sounds.
1.4.1 States of the glottis.
1.4.2 Places and manners of articulation.
1.4.3 Secondary articulations.
1.4.4 Consonants made with non-pulmonic airstream mechanisms.
1.5 Cardinal Vowels.
1.6 Syllables and Suprasegmentals
Chapter 2: Phonology.
2.2 Complementary versus Overlapping Distribution.
2.2.1 Overlapping distribution and contrast.
2.2.2 Complementary distribution.
2.3 Phonemic Analysis: A Mini-demo.
2.4 Free Variation.
2.6 Practical Uses of Phonological Analysis.
Chapter 3: English Consonants.
3.6 Sociophonetic Variation.
Chapter 4: English Vowels.
4.2 Vowel Set of American English.
4.2.1 Phonetic properties of vowels.
4.2.3 Nasalized vowels.
4.2.5 Vowels before /@/.
4.2.6 Vowels before /l/.
4.3 Front Vowels.
4.4 Central Vowels.
4.5 Back Vowels.
4.7 Sociophonetic Variation.
4.8 Non-US Varieties.
4.9 Full Vowels–Reduced Vowels.
4.10 Full (Strong) Forms versus Reduced (Weak).
Forms of Function Words.
Chapter 5: Acoustics of Vowels and Consonants.
5.5 Putting It Together.
5.7 Practical Applications: Some Examples.
Chapter 6: Syllables.
6.2 Number of Syllables.
6.5 English Syllable Phonotactics.
6.5.1 Single onsets.
6.5.2 Double onsets.
6.5.3 Triple onsets.
6.5.5 Double codas.
6.5.6 Triple codas.
6.6 Written Syllabification.
6.7 Syllable Weight and Ambisyllabicity.
6.8 Practical Applications.
Chapter 7: Stress and Intonation.
7.2 Noun and Adjective Stress.
7.3 Verb Stress.
7.4 Secondary Stress.
7.5.1 Stress-bearing (attracting) suffixes.
7.5.2 Stress-neutral suffixes.
7.5.3 Stress-shifting (fixing) suffixes.
7.6 Stress in Compounds.
7.7 Differences between American and British English.
7.9 Variations among the Varieties.
Chapter 8: Structural Factors in Second Language Phonology.
8.1 Introduction .
8.2 Mini Contrastive Analyses.
8.2.10 Persian (Farsi)–English.
8.3 Differential Treatment of Mismatches.
8.3.1 Basic vs. derived context.
8.3.2 Deflected contrast.
8.5 Ontogeny Phylogeny Model (OPM).
8.6 Optimality Theory (OT).
Chapter 9: Spelling and Pronunciation.
9.1 Irregularity of English Spelling.
9.2 Phoneme–Grapheme Correspondences in English.
9.3 Morphological Basis of English Spelling.
9.4 American English vs. British English.
Appendix: List of Sound Files.