Synopses & Reviews
In this innovative history, Paige Raibmon examines the political ramifications of ideas about andldquo;real Indians.andrdquo; Focusing on the Northwest Coast in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth, she describes how government officials, missionaries, anthropologists, reformers, settlers, and tourists developed definitions of Indian authenticity based on such binaries as Indian versus White, traditional versus modern, and uncivilized versus civilized. They recognized as authentic only those expressions of andldquo;Indiannessandrdquo; that conformed to their limited definitions and reflected their sense of colonial legitimacy and racial superiority. Raibmon shows that Whites and Aboriginals were collaboratorsandmdash;albeit unequal onesandmdash;in the politics of authenticity. Non-Aboriginal people employed definitions of Indian culture that limited Aboriginal claims to resources, land, and sovereignty, while Aboriginals utilized those same definitions to access the social, political, and economic means necessary for their survival under colonialism.
Drawing on research in newspapers, magazines, agency and missionary records, memoirs, and diaries, Raibmon combines cultural and labor history. She looks at three historical episodes: the participation of a group of Kwakwakaandrsquo;wakw from Vancouver in the 1893 Worldandrsquo;s Columbian Exposition in Chicago; the work of migrant Aboriginal laborers in the hop fields of Puget Sound; and the legal efforts of Tlingit artist Rudolph Walton to have his mixed-race step-children admitted to the white public school in Sitka, Alaska. Together these episodes reveal the consequences of outsidersandrsquo; attempts to define authentic Aboriginal culture. Raibmon argues that Aboriginal culture is much more than the reproduction of rituals; it also lies in the means by which Aboriginal people generate new and meaningful ways of identifying their place in a changing modern environment.
Analyzes cultural adaptation among aboriginal people in the Pacific Northwest, tracing the colonial origins and political implications of ideas about native "authenticity."
About the Author
“There are not enough superlatives in a thesaurus to convey my enthusiasm for this book. It is insightful, original, intelligent, thoroughly researched, beautifully written, and more. Paige Raibmon is the first scholar working in Native history to dissect and articulate the connections between assimilationist government policies, the rise of North American anthropology, and tourism, all of which—Raibmon argues with great success—served as agents of colonialism.”—Nancy Shoemaker, author of A Strange Likeness: Becoming Red and White in Eighteenth-Century North America“There is nothing in the existing historical literature that accomplishes what this book does. It vividly depicts the interplay of ideas, strategies, and practical considerations during a period that has had significant and long-lasting impacts on everyone’s ideas about ‘Indianness.’ Admirably, Paige Raibmon insists that we consider non-Indians’ ideas in relationship to Indians’ ideas and strategies, something few existing works do.”—Alexandra Harmon, author of Indians in the Making: Ethnic Relations and Indian Identities around Puget Sound
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations xi
Introduction: Authenticity and Colonial Cosmology 1
1. Local Politics and Colonial Relations: The Kwakwaka'wakw at Home on the Northwest Coast 15
2. andquot;The March of the Aborigine to Civilizationandquot;: Live Exhibits and the World's Columbian Exhibition, 1893 34
3. Theaters of Contact: The Kwakwaka'wakh at the Fair 50
4. Picking, Posing, and Performing: Puget Sound Hop Fields and Income for Aboriginal Workers 74
5. Harvest Gatherings: Aboriginal Agendas, Economy, and Culture 98
6. Indian Watchers: Colonial Imagination and Colonial Reality 116
7. The Inside Passage to Authenticity: Sitka Tourism and the Tlingit 135
8. andquot;The Trend is Upwardandquot;: Mission and Cottage Life 157
9. Civilization on Trial: The Davis Case 175
Conclusion: Authenticity's Call 198
List of Abbreviations 209