Synopses & Reviews
is a social-historical interpretation of two ethnic groups, one Mexican, the other Filipino, whose paths led both groups to San Diego, California. Rudy Guevarra traces the earliest interactions of both groups with Spanish colonialism to illustrate how these historical ties and cultural bonds laid the foundation for what would become close interethnic relationships and communities in twentieth-century San Diego as well as in other locales throughout California and the Pacific West Coast.
Through racially restrictive covenants and other forms of discrimination, both groups, regardless of their differences, were confined to segregated living spaces along with African Americans, other Asian groups, and a few European immigrant clusters. Within these urban multiracial spaces, Mexicans and Filipinos coalesced to build a world of their own through family and kin networks, shared cultural practices, social organizations, and music and other forms of entertainment. They occupied the same living spaces, attended the same Catholic churches, and worked together creating labor cultures that reinforced their ties, often fostering marriages. Mexipino children, living simultaneously in two cultures, have forged a new identity for themselves. and#160;Their lives are the lens through which these two communities are examined, revealing the ways in which Mexicans and Filipinos interacted over generations to produce this distinct and instructive multiethnic experience. Using archival sources, oral histories, newspapers, and personal collections and photographs, Guevarra defines the niche that this particular group carved out for itself.
andquot;Guevarraandrsquo;s fresh, exciting, and provocative analysis provides an extraordinary account of what it means to be a multiethnic Americanandhellip;a remarkable feat!andquot;
andquot;With a love for the archives and family stories, labor historian Rudy Guevarra provides a wonderfully rich, layered history of a vibrant multiethnic community inand#160;southern Califorinia.andquot;
andquot;An original and detailed account of the intimate, complex relationship between Mexicans and Filipinos in San Diego from 1903 to 1965, Becoming Mexipino is comparative ethnic studies at its best.andquot;
andquot;[A] fine book. One of the best histories of the San Diego region and a key title in Filipino American history. It advances the field of Chicana/o studies. Recommended.andquot;
andquot;Rudy Guevarra's personal passion in celebrating and maintaining Mexipino identity into the twenty-first century make Becoming Mexipino
an engaging read.andquot;
andquot;Guevarra, a fourth-generation Mexipino from San Diego, makes major contributions to scholarship on the history of immigration to California and the history of San Diego as he tells the forgotten story of ethnic mixing of thousands of Filipinos and Mexicans.andquot;
andquot;Thoroughly researched and engagingly written, Becoming Mexipino
contributes significantly to our understanding of identity and community formation by those whose color and culture drew them together across ethnic boundaries.andquot;
"A splendid and hard-hitting book that exposes the campaigns by some governments to urge their citizens to work overseas, a key and virtually unnoticed aspect of economic globalization."
"Marketing Dreams, Manufacturing Heroes brings the intricate workings of the Philippine state in brokering transnational migration into sharp critical relief. Anna Romina Guevarra offers an exemplary piece of scholarship that cuts across various scales of complexities and levels of analyses which will define the contours of future debates and research agendas on migration."
"Guevarra's carefully researched, richly textured ethnographic study provides a compelling analysis of the employment agencies that recruit, mold, and market Filipina nurses and domestic workers for export as 'model workers' to the United States and around the globe. Marketing Dreams, Manufacturing Heroes offers a valuable contribution to the literature on migration as well as that on carework."
"An accessible and clearly written book that contains important empirical findings and lucid observations about the social discourses and practices of labor brokerage. Anna Guevarra contributes to a better understanding of key actors in transnational migration and the cultural and ideological underpinnings of a major part of the Filipino export-oriented care service economy."
Becoming Mexipino is a social-historical interpretation of two ethnic groups, one Mexican, the other Filipino, whose paths led both groups to San Diego, California from 1900 to 1965. Rudy Guevarra traces their earliest interactions under Spanish colonialism, when they did not strongly identify as Mexican or Filipino, to illustrate how these historical ties and cultural bonds laid the foundation for what would become close interethnic relationships and communities in twentieth-century San Diego as well as in other locales throughout California and the Pacific West Coast. Using archival sources, oral histories, newspapers, personal collections and photographs, Guevarra defines the niche that this particular group carved out for itself.
In a globalized economy that is heavily sustained by the labor of immigrants, why are certain nations defined as "ideal" labor resources and why do certain groups dominate a particular labor force? The Philippines has emerged as a lucrative source of labor for countries around the world. In Marketing Dreams, Manufacturing Heroes
Anna Romina Guevarra focuses on the Philippines—which views itself as the "home of the great Filipino worker"—and the multilevel brokering process that manages and sends workers worldwide. She unravels the transnational production of Filipinos as ideal migrant workers by the state and explores how race, color, class, and gender operate.
The experience of Filipino nurses and domestic workers—two of the country's prized exports—is at the core of the research, which utilizes interviews with employees at labor brokering agencies, state officials from governmental organizations in the Philippines, and nurses working in the United States. Guevarra's multisited ethnography reveals the disciplinary power that state and employment agencies exercise over care workers—managing migration and garnering wages—to govern social conduct, and brings this isolated yet widespread social problem to life.
About the Author
RUDY P. GUEVARRA JR. is an assistant professor of Asian Pacific American Studies at Arizona State University. He is the author of Filipinos in San Diego: Images of America Series, and coeditor of Transnational Crossroads: Remapping the Americas and the Pacific and Crossing Lines: Race and Mixed Race Across the Geohistorical Divide.
Table of Contents
1. Immigration to a Rising Metropolis
2. The Devil Comes to San Diego: Race and Spatial Politics
3. Survival and Belonging: Civil Rights, Social Organizations, and Youth Cultures
4. Race and Labor Activism in San Diego
5. Filipino-Mexican Couples and the Forging of a Mexipino Identity