Synopses & Reviews
The complete, fully updated introduction to biochemical and bioprocess engineering.
Bioprocess Engineering, Second Edition is a comprehensive update of the world's leading introductory textbook on biochemical and bioprocess engineering. Drs. Michael L. Shuler and Fikret Kargi review the relevant fundamentals of biochemistry, microbiology, and molecular biology, introducing key principles that enable bioprocess engineers to achieve consistent control over biological activity. This edition reflects powerful advances that are transforming the field, ranging from genetic sequencing to new techniques for producing proteins from recombinant DNA. It introduces techniques with broad application to the production of pharmaceuticals, biologics, and commodities; to medical applications such as tissue engineering and gene therapy; and for solving critical environmental problems. This new edition includes:
- Essential biological basics: microorganism structure and functions, major metabolic pathways, enzymes, microbial genetics, kinetics, and stoichiometry of growth
- New coverage of posttranslational processing of proteins-an essential technique for manufacturing therapeutic proteins
- In-depth coverage of animal cell culture processes
- New coverage of noncarbohydrate metabolism
- Functional genomics and cellular engineering: concepts, techniques, and applications
- Applying bioprocess engineering approaches to biomedical applications
- Nonconventional biological systems applications, including host-vector systems for producing proteins from recombinant DNA
- Extensive coverage of mixed cultures, including advanced wastewater treatment processes
- Expanded coverage of modeling, including models in continuous cultures and cybernetic modeling
- How the rapidly evolving governmental regulatory environment constrains bioprocess design and modification
Bioprocess Engineering, Second Edition makes extensive use of illustrations, examples, and problems, and contains extensive references for further reading as well as a detailed appendix describing traditional bioprocesses.
Bioprocess Engineering, Second Edition thoroughly updates the leading introductory textbook on biochemical and bioprocess engineering to reflect advances that are transforming the field -- from genomics to cellular engineering, modeling to nonconventional biological systems. It introduces techniques with wide applicability in pharmaceuticals, biologics, medicine, environmental engineering, and beyond.
About the Author
DR. MICHAEL L. SHULER is Professor in the School of Chemical Engineering, Cornell University. His areas of research include structured models, heterologous protein expression systems, cell culture analogs for pharmacokinetic models, in-vitro toxicology, plant-cell tissue culture, microbial functional genomics, and bioremediation.
DR. FIKRET KARGI is Professor of Environmental Engineering at Dokuz Eylul University in Ismir, Turkey. His current research includes bioprocessing of wastes for production of commercial products, development of novel technologies for biological treatment of problematic wastewaters, nutrient removal, and novel biofilm reactor development.
Table of Contents
Preface to the Second Edition.
Preface to the First Edition.
I. INTRODUCTION. 1. What is a Bioprocess Engineer?
Introductory Remarks. Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering. Biologists and Engineers Differ in Their Approach to Research. The Story of Penicillin: How Biologists and Engineers Work Together. Bioprocesses: Regulatory Constraints. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.
II. THE BASICS OF BIOLOGY: AN ENGINEER'S PERSPECTIVE. 2. An Overview of Biological Basics.
Are All Cells the Same? Cell Construction. Cell Nutrients. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 3. Enzymes.
Introduction. How Enzymes Work. Enzyme Kinetics. Immobilized Enzyme Systems. Large-scale Production of Enzymes. Medical and Industrial Utilization of Enzymes. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 4. How Cells Work.
Introduction. The Central Dogma. DNA Replication: Preserving and Propagating the Cellular Message. Transcription: Sending the Message. Translation: Message to Product. Metabolic Regulation. How the Cell Senses Its Extracellular Environment. Summary. Appendix: Examples of Regulation of Complex Pathways. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 5. Major Metabolic Pathways.
Introduction. Bioenergetics. Glucose Metabolism: Glycolysis and the TCA Cycle. Respiration. Control Sites in Aerobic Glucose Metabolism. Metabolism of Nitrogenous Compounds. Nitrogen Fixation. Metabolism of Hydrocarbons. Overview of Biosynthesis. Overview of Anaerobic Metabolism. Overview of Autotrophic Metabolism. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 6. How Cells Grow.
Introduction. Batch Growth. Quantifying Growth Kinetics. How Cells Grow in Continuous Culture. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 7. Stoichiometry of Microbial Growth and Product Formation.
Introduction. Some Other Definitions. Stoichiometric Calculations. Theoretical Predictions of Yield Coefficients. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 8. How Cellular Information is Altered.
Introduction. Evolving Desirable Biochemical Activities through Mutation and Selection. Natural Mechanisms for Gene Transfer and Rearrangement. Genetically Engineering Cells. Genomics. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.
III. ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES FOR BIOPROCESSES. 9. Operating Considerations for Bioreactors for Suspension and Immobilized Cultures.
Introduction. Choosing the Cultivation Method. Modifying Batch and Continuous Reactors. Immobolized Cell Systems. Solid-state Fermentations. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 10. Selection, Scale-Up, Operation, and Control of Bioreactors.
Introduction. Scale-up and Its Difficulties. Bioreactor Instrumentation and Control. Sterilization of Process Fluids. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 11. Recovery and Purification of Products.
Strategies to Recover and Purify Products. Separation of Insoluble Products. Cell Disruption. Separation of Soluble Products. Finishing Steps for Purification. Integration of Reaction and Separation. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.
IV. APPLICATIONS TO NONCONVENTIONAL BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS. 12. Bioprocess Considerations in Using Animal Cell Cultures.
Structure and Biochemistry of Animal Cells. Methods Used for the Cultivation of Animal Cells. Bioreactor Considerations for Animal Cell Culture. Products of Animal Cell Cultures. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 13. Bioprocess Considerations in Using Plant Cell Cultures.
Why Plant Cell Cultures? Plant Cells in Culture Compared to Microbes. Bioreactor Considerations. Economics of Plant Cell Tissue Cultures. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 14. Utilizing Genetically Engineered Organisms.
Introduction. How the Product Influences Process Decisions. Guidelines for Choosing Host-Vector Systems. Process Constraints: Genetic Instability. Considerations in Plasmid Design to Avoid Process Problems. Predicting HostÐVector Interactions and Genetic Instability. Regulatory Constraints on Genetic Processes. Metabolic Engineering. Protein Engineering. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 15. Medical Applications of Bioprocess Engineering.
Introduction. Tissue Engineering. Gene Therapy Using Viral Vectors. Bioreactors. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 16. Mixed Cultures.
Introduction. Major Classes of Interactions in Mixed Cultures. Simple Models Describing Mixed-culture Interactions. Mixed Cultures in Nature. Industrial Utilization of Mixed Cultures. Biological Waste Treatment: An Example of the Industrial Utilization of Mixed Cultures. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems. 17. Epilogue.
Appendix: Traditional Industrial Bioprocesses.
Anaerobic Bioprocesses. Aerobic Processes. Suggestions for Further Reading.