Synopses & Reviews
The Earth and Its Peoples was one of the first texts to present world history in a balanced, global framework, shifting the focus away from political centers of power. This truly global text for the world history survey course employs a fundamental theme, the interaction of human beings and the environment, to compare different times, places, and societies. Special emphasis is given to technology (in its broadest sense) and how technological development underlies all human activity. Highly acclaimed in their fields of study, the authors bring a wide array of expertise to the program. A combination of strong scholarship and detailed pedagogy gives the book its reputation for rigor and student accessibility. The Fourth Edition features extensive new coverage of world events, including globalization in the new millennium. Coverage of China has also been extensively reorganized and rewritten.
About the Author
Professor of Middle Eastern History at Columbia University, Richard W. Bulliet received his Ph.D. from Harvard University. He has written scholarly works on a number of topics: the social and economic history of medieval Iran (THE PATRICIANS OF NISHAPUR and COTTON, CLIMATE, AND CAMELS IN EARLY ISLAMIC IRAN), the history of human-animal relations (THE CAMEL AND THE WHEEL and HUNTERS, HERDERS, AND HAMBERGERS), the process of conversion to Islam (CONVERSION TO ISLAM IN THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD), and the overall course of Islamic social history (ISLAM: THE VIEW FROM THE EDGE and THE CASE FOR ISLAMO-CHRISTIAN CIVILIZATION). He is the editor of THE COLUMBIA HISTORY OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY. He has published four novels, coedited THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE MODERN MIDDLE EAST, and hosted an educational television series on the Middle East. He was awarded a fellowship by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation and was named a Carnegie Corporation Scholar.Pamela Kyle Crossley (PhD, Yale University) is Professor of History and Rosenwald Research Professor in the Arts and Sciences at Dartmouth College. Her books include A TRANSLUCENT MIRROR: HISTORY AND IDENTITY IN QING IMPERIAL IDEOLOGY; THE MANCHUS; ORPHAN WARRIORS: THREE MANCHU GENERATIONS AND THE END OF THE QING WORLD; and (with Lynn Hollen Lees and John W. Servos) GLOBAL SOCIETY: THE WORLD SINCE 1900. Her research--which focuses on the cultural history of China, Inner Asia, and Central Asia--has been supported by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities.Daniel R. Headrick received his Ph.D. in History from Princeton University. Professor of History and Social Science, Emeritus, at Roosevelt University in Chicago, he is the author of several books on the history of technology, imperialism, and international relations, including THE TOOLS OF EMPIRE: TECHNOLOGY AND EUROPEAN IMPERIALISM IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY; THE TENTACLES OF PROGRESS: TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN THE AGE OF IMPERIALISM; THE INVISIBLE WEAPON: TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND INTERNATIONAL POLITICS; TECHNOLOGY: A WORLD HISTORY; POWER OVER PEOPLES: TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENTS AND WESTERN IMPERIALISM, 1400 TO THE PRESENT; and WHEN INFORMATION CAME OF AGE: TECHNOLOGIES OF KNOWLEDGE IN THE AGE OF REASON AND REVOLUTION, 1700?1850. His articles have appeared in the JOURNAL OF WORLD HISTORY and the JOURNAL OF MODERN HISTORY, and he has been awarded fellowships by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.Steven W. Hirsch holds a Ph.D. in Classics from Stanford University and is currently Associate Professor of Classics and History at Tufts University. He has received grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Massachusetts Foundation for Humanities and Public Policy. His research and publications include THE FRIENDSHIP OF THE BARBARIANS: XENOPHON AND THE PERSIAN EMPIRE, as well as articles and reviews in the CLASSICAL JOURNAL, the AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY, and the JOURNAL OF INTERDISCIPLINARY HISTORY. He is currently working on a comparative study of ancient Mediterranean and Chinese civilizations.Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Lyman L. Johnson earned his Ph.D. in Latin American History from the University of Connecticut. A two-time Senior Fulbright-Hays Lecturer, he also has received fellowships from the Tinker Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the American Philosophical Society. His recent books include DEATH, DISMEMBERMENT, AND MEMORY; THE FACES OF HONOR (with Sonya Lipsett-Rivera); THE PROBLEM OF ORDER IN CHANGING SOCIETIES; ESSAYS ON THE PRICE HISTORY OF EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY LATIN AMERICA (with Enrique Tandeter); and COLONIAL LATIN AMERICA (with Mark A. Burkholder). He also has published in journals, including the HISPANIC AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW, the JOURNAL OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES, the INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF SOCIAL HISTORY, SOCIAL HISTORY, and DESARROLLO ECONOMICO. He recently served as president of the Conference on Latin American History.
Table of Contents
NOTE: Each chapter contains a conclusion, key terms, website resources, a suggested reading list, and notes. PART VI: REVOLUTIONS RESHAPE THE WORLD, 1750?1870. 22. Revolutionary Changes in the Atlantic World, 1750?1850 Prelude to Revolution: The Eighteenth-Century Crisis. The American Revolution, 1775?1800. The French Revolution, 1789?1815. Revolution Spreads, Conservatives Respond, 1789?1850. Environment and Technology: The Guillotine. Diversity and Dominance: Robespierre and Wollstonecraft Defend and Explain the Terror. 23. The Early Industrial Revolution, 1760?1851. Causes of the Industrial Revolution. The Technological Revolution. The Impact of the Early Industrial Revolution. New Economic and Political Ideas. Diversity and Dominance: Adam Smith and the Division of Labor. Environment and Technology: Gas Lighting. 24. Nation Building and Economic Transformation in the Americas, 1800?1890. Independence in Latin America, 1800?1830. The Problem of Order, 1825?1890. The Challenge of Social and Economic Change. Diversity and Dominance: The Afro-Brazilian Experience, 1828. Environment and Technology: Constructing the Port of Buenos Aires, Argentina. 25 Land Empires in the Age of Imperialism, 1800?1870. The Ottoman Empire. The Russian Empire. The Qing Empire. Environment and Technology: The Web of War. Diversity and Dominance: Chinese Responses to Imperialism. 26. Africa, India, and the New British Empire, 1750?1870. Changes and Exchanges in Africa. India Under British Rule. Britain's Eastern Empire. Diversity and Dominance: Ceremonials of Imperial Domination. Environment and Technology: Whaling. Issues in World History: State Power, the Census, and the Question of Identity. PART VII: GLOBAL DIVERSITY AND DOMINANCE, 1850?1945. 27. The New Power Balance, 1850?1900. New Technologies and the World Economy. Social Changes. Socialism and Labor Movements. Nationalism and the Rise of Italy, Germany, and Japan. The Great Powers of Europe, 1871?1900. China, Japan, and the Western Powers. Environment and Technology: Railroads and Immigration. Diversity and Dominance: Marx and Engels on Global Trade and the Bourgeoisie. Material Culture: Cotton Clothing. 28. The New Imperialism, 1869?1914. The New Imperialism: Motives and Methods. The Scramble for Africa. Imperialism in Asia and the Pacific. Imperialism in Latin America. The World Economy and the Global Environment. Diversity and Dominance: Two Africans Recall the Arrival of the Europeans. Environment and Technology: Imperialism and Tropical Ecology. 29. The Crisis of the Imperial Order, 1900?1929. Origins of the Crisis in Europe and the Middle East. The "Great War" and the Russian Revolutions, 1914?1918. Peace and Dislocation in Europe, 1919?1929. China and Japan: Contrasting Destinies. The New Middle East. Society, Culture, and Technology in the Industrialized World. Diversity and Dominance: The Middle East After World War I. Environment and Technology: The Birth of Civil Aviation. 30. The Collapse of the Old Order, 1929?1949. The Stalin Revolution. The Depression. The Rise of Fascism. East Asia, 1931?1945. The Second World War. The Character of Warfare. Diversity and Dominance: Women, Family Values, and the Russian Revolution. Environment and Technology: The Enigma Machine. 31. Striving for Independence: India, Africa, and Latin America, 1900?1949. The Indian Independence Movement, 1905?1947. Sub-Saharan Africa, 1900?1945. Mexico, Argentina, and Brazil, 1900?1949. Environment and Technology: Gandhi and Technology. Diversity and Dominance: A Vietnamese Nationalist Denounces French Colonialism. Issues in World History: Famines and Politics. PART VIII: PERILS AND PROMISES OF A GLOBAL COMMUNITY, 1945 TO THE PRESENT. 32. The Cold War and Decolonization, 1945?1975. The Cold War. Decolonization and Nation Building. Beyond a Bipolar World. Environment and Technology: The Green Revolution. Diversity and Dominance: Race and the Struggle for Justice in South Africa 33. The End of the Cold War and the Challenge of Economic Development and Immigration, 1975?2000. Postcolonial Crises and Asian Economic Expansion. The End of the Bipolar World. The Challenge of Population Growth. Unequal Development and the Movement of Peoples. Technological and Environmental Change. Diversity and Dominance: The Struggle for Women's Rights in an Era of Global Political and Economic Change. Environment and Technology: The Computer Gets Personal. Material Culture: Fast Food. 34. New Challenges in a New Millennium. Globalization and Economic Crisis. The Question of Values. Global Culture. Diversity and Dominance: Conflict and Civilization. Environment and Technology: Global Warming.