Synopses & Reviews
UNDERSTANDING HUMANS: INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY shows students how anthropologists and archaeologists go about their work as they study human evolution, living nonhuman primates, human adaptation and variation, the origin and dispersal of modern humans, food production, the first civilizations of the Old and New Worlds, and so much more. Using a biocultural approach, the text balances the presentation of physical anthropology with archaeology and concludes with a new chapter that ties together the material on human biological and cultural adaptation by focusing on lessons learned from our species evolution such as the impact of humans on the environment. Students will also benefit from the new chapter opening learning objectives, "At a Glance" sections that summarize key concepts, and end-of-chapter "Critical Thinking Questions" that help students better understand the material and study more effectively for exams.
This textbook surveys the most important aspects of the currentunderstanding of human biological and cultural development from an evolutionary perspective, incorporating new developments and methodsand techniques of researchers in this edition. It also updates the content, enhances the quality of illustrations, and adds a newchapter on the relevance of the study of biocultural evolution to modern everyday life. The chapters on heredity and evolution havebeen trimmed and updated, and more material was added on the mechanisms of evolution and examples of natural selection, as well asa new photo display on fossils and their formation. More material on social organization and a new archeology section was added to thechapters on primates, and the paleoanthropology chapters have more material and photos on Paleolithic tool traditions, a transition fromthe Upper Paleolithic to the Holocene, and an expanded section on the history of race and modern examples. It also has updated materialon A. sediba and revised discussion of the earliest appearance of the genus Homo, revised and updated interpretations of stone tooltechnologies of the earliest American immigrants, new molecular evidence and new fossil and archaeological discoveries, updatedchapters on the human experience from the Ice Age to the earliest civilizations, more on Africa and East Asia in the discussion of theorigins of agriculture and more on the recent contributions based on plant microfossil research and DNA analyses, an updated section onwhy civilizations formed, updated and shortened sections on Mesopotamia and Peru, and more on the earliest Chinese civilizations.The text adds a new concluding chapter on biocultural evolution and the Anthropocene, as well as learning objectives in each chapter, updated chapter summaries in bullet format, and more illustrations.Annotation ©2014 Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR (protoview.com)
UNDERSTANDING HUMANS: INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY shows students how anthropologists and archaeologists go about their work as they study human evolution, living nonhuman primates, human adaptation and variation, the origin and dispersal of modern humans, food production, the first civilizations of the Old and New Worlds, and so much more. "At a Glance" sections and "Focus Questions" help students better understand the material and study more effectively for exams.
About the Author
Barry Lewis received his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he is currently a Professor Emeritus of Anthropology. During his 27-year tenure as a professor at the University of Illinois, he taught courses on introductory archaeology, quantitative methods in archaeology, geographic information systems, and social science research methods. He has published extensively on his research concerning late prehistoric Native American towns and villages in the southeastern United States. His recent research centers on the archaeology and history of early modern kingdoms and chiefdoms in South India. Robert Jurmain received an A.B. in Anthropology from UCLA and a Ph.D. in Biological Anthropology from Harvard. He taught at San Jose State University from 1975 to 2004 and is now Professor Emeritus. During his teaching career, he taught courses in all major branches of physical anthropology, including osteology and human evolution, with the greatest concentration in general education teaching for introductory students. His research interests are skeletal biology of humans and non-human primates, paleopathology, and paleoanthropology. In addition to his three textbooks, which together have appeared in 30 editions, he is the author of STORIES FROM THE SKELETON: BEHAVIORAL RECONSTRUCTION IN HUMAN OSTEOLOGY (1999, Gordon Breach Publishers), as well as numerous articles in research journals. Lynn Kilgore earned her Ph.D. from the University of Colorado, Boulder, where she now holds an affiliate faculty position. Her primary research interests are osteology and paleopathology. She has taught numerous undergraduate and graduate courses in human osteology, primate behavior, human heredity and evolution, and general physical anthropology. Her research focuses on developmental defects as well as on disease and trauma in human and great ape skeletons.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction to Anthropology. 2. Heredity and Evolution. 3. The Development of Evolutionary Theory. 4. Modern Human Variation and Adaptation. 5. Macroevolution: Processes of Vertebrate and Mammalian Evolution. 6. An Overview of the Primates. 7. Primate Behavior. 8. Understanding the Past: Archaeological and Paleoanthropological Methods. 9. Hominin Origins. 10. The First Dispersal of the Genus Homo: Homo erectus and Contemporaries. 11. Premodern Humans. 12. The Origin and Dispersal of Modern Humans. 13. Early Holocene Hunters and Gatherers. 14. Food Production. 15. The First Civilizations. 16. Conclusion.