Synopses & Reviews
While great strides have been made in documenting discrimination against women in America, our awareness of discrimination is due in large part to the efforts of a feminist movement dominated by middle-class white women, and is skewed to their experiences. Yet discrimination against racial ethnic women is in fact dramatically different--more complex and more widespread--and without a window into the lives of racial ethnic women our understanding of the full extent of discrimination against all women in America will be woefully inadequate. Now, in this illuminating volume, Karen Anderson offers the first book to examine the lives of women in the three main ethnic groups in the United States--Native American, Mexican American, and African American women--revealing the many ways in which these groups have suffered oppression, and the profound effects it has had on their lives.
Here is a thought-provoking examination of the history of racial ethnic women, one which provides not only insight into their lives, but also a broader perception of the history, politics, and culture of the United States. For instance, Anderson examines the clash between Native American tribes and the U.S. government (particularly in the plains and in the West) and shows how the forced acculturation of Indian women caused the abandonment of traditional cultural values and roles (in many tribes, women held positions of power which they had to relinquish), subordination to and economic dependence on their husbands, and the loss of meaningful authority over their children. Ultimately, Indian women were forced into the labor market, the extended family was destroyed, and tribes were dispersed from the reservation and into the mainstream--all of which dramatically altered the woman's place in white society and within their own tribes. The book examines Mexican-American women, revealing that since U.S. job recruiters in Mexico have historically focused mostly on low-wage male workers, Mexicans have constituted a disproportionate number of the illegals entering the states, placing them in a highly vulnerable position. And even though Mexican-American women have in many instances achieved a measure of economic success, in their families they are still subject to constraints on their social and political autonomy at the hands of their husbands. And finally, Anderson cites a wealth of evidence to demonstrate that, in the years since World War II, African-American women have experienced dramatic changes in their social positions and political roles, and that the migration to large urban areas in the North simply heightened the conflict between homemaker and breadwinner already thrust upon them.
Changing Woman provides the first history of women within each racial ethnic group, tracing the meager progress they have made right up to the present. Indeed, Anderson concludes that while white middle-class women have made strides toward liberation from male domination, women of color have not yet found, in feminism, any political remedy to their problems.
"Anderson shows how dramatically different the discrimination experience and the struggle for equality are for women in three ethnic groups, Native American, Mexican American, and African American.... Anderson's rich, exciting book highlights their specific problems, shows how racism undermines their efforts at achieving equality, and provides a historical perspective for a better understanding of the current situations of these women."--Booklist
"Anderson understands fully the complexity and intricacy of the double and triple binds that have shaped the lives of minority women in America. Her book provides a wonderful opportunity to assess the rich variety of women's experience, and to understand with more precision how the structural constraints of race, class, and gender have functioned to shape women's lives."--William H. Chafe, Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Duke University
"Karen Anderson's Changing Woman replicates the phrase's meaning in Navajo--a symbol of cyclical change and improvement, a beneficent deity. Her weighty treatment of the cultural situations through history of Native American, Mexican American, and African American women is a treasure of information and insight. This is another wonderful resource for readers of women's history."--Linda Wagner-Martin, Hanes Professor of English and Comparative Literature, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
"In demonstrating that 'there is no one pattern in the ways women of color have struggled for equality,' Karen Anderson places Native American, Mexican American, and African American women at the center of her analysis. She offers, thereby, a sobering portrait of both the accomplishments and failures of the feminist movement. Anderson's insightful concentration on the 'women who live at the margins of political and cultural power' forces us to rethink everything we thought we knew about the history of women in twentieth-century America."--Annette Kolodny, author of The Lay of the Land and The Land Before Her
The text examines the roles of Indian, Mexican-American and African-American women during the 20th century. It focuses on the changes brought about in the lives of those in each group and then compares them. The book is intended for scholars and students of gender and ethnic studies and US history.
About the Author
is Associate Professor of History at the University of Arizona.