Synopses & Reviews
Chemistry for the Protection of the Environment 4 focuses on: • Environmental aspects of agricultural practices • Field characterization and quantification of chemical constituents • Fate of contaminants in the environment/environmental monitoring • Thermal treatment technologies • Remediation of contaminated sites • Wastewater treatment and sludge management • Environmental Security • Risk Assessment and Environmental Management This volume is the proceedings of the first CPE conference in the new millennium and the thirteenth in a well-established series of conferences on Chemistry for the Protection of the Environment, first established in 1976. With support of the U.S. EPA, the series of conferences provides an opportunity for interdisciplinary exchange of ideas among international specialists, from diverse fields and backgrounds, on the chemical aspects of environmental protection. Over the years, the CPE conferences have gathered participants from more and more countries, and the scope of interests have been broadened. Held in Hilo, Hawaii, this was the first of these international conferences to take place in the United States. The Organizing Committee attracted to the conference a wide range of talented scientists and engineers who have useful ideas to contribute on how to clean our environment. Any pollution control or pollution cure action today must take into consideration not only one element of the environment, like water, air or soil but also proper environmental handling and related problems. In all cases, chemical processes play a highly significant role. In recent years there has been a shift from wastewater technologies and pollutant monitoring problems to environment management and solid wastes issues. This book provides a forum for chemical scientists and engineers who are dedicated to the worthy mission of making a cleaner, healthier world for everyone. The central goals of Chemistry for the Protection of the Environment are to improve technology transfer and scientific dialogue, thereby leading to better comprehension of and solution to a broad spectrum of environmentally related problems.
These proceedings provide a forum for chemical scientists and engineers dedicated to making a cleaner, healthier world for everyone. They cover a wide range of related subjects such as environmental monitoring, wastewater treatment, and sludge management.
Table of Contents
SECTION 1: Remediation of Contaminated Sites 17 STUDY OF THE CLINOPTILOLITE-RICH TUFF-BASED COMPOSITES FOR SOME AQUEOUS ANIONIC SPECIES RECOVERY 5 Eva Chmielewská, Stanislava Nagyová, Mária Reháková and Nina Bogdanchikova TESTING OF SORPTION MATERIALS FOR ARSENIC REMOVAL FROM WATERS 23 Birgit Daus and Holger Weiss ZIRCONIUM(IV) LOADED DIAION CRP200 RESIN AS A SPECIFIC ADSORBENT TO AS(III) AND AS(V) 29 Akinori Jyo, Shuko Kudo, Xiaoping Zhu, and Kazunori Yamabe BIFUNCTIONAL CATION EXCHANGE FIBERS HAVING PHOSPHONIC AND SULFONIC ACID GROUPS 47 Akinori Jyo, Kenji Okada, Masao Tamada, Tamikazu Kume, Takanobu Sugo, and Masato Tazaki SECTION 2: Fate of contaminants in the environment ARSENIC SPECIATION FOR INVESTIGATION OF ITS ENVIRONMENTAL FATE - A CASE STUDY 63 Birgit Daus, Jürgen Mattusch, Rainer Wennrich, and Holger Weiss CHEMICAL SPECIATION OF ALUMINUM IN DELHI SOILS 69 Swarna Muthukrishnan and D. K. Banerjee SECTION 3: Thermal Treatment Technologies THERMAL AND BIOLOGICAL DEGRADATION OF SITES CONTAMINATED BY TRANSFORMER OIL 87 Krystyna Cedzynska PLASMA TREATMENT OF INORGANIC WASTE 95 Zbigniew Kolacinski and Krystyna Cedzynska SECTION 4: Environmental Aspects of Agricultural Practices FORMER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE/COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION GRAIN BIN PROJECT 105 Jeffrey L. Field AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY: PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE, REGULATION AND INTERNATIONAL CONSENSUS 109 Nathan Richmond SECTION 5: Charactization and Quantification of Chemical Constituents 121 RAPID ON-SITE ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS OF PROPELLANT STABILIZERS AND THEIR DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS BY PORTABLE SAMPLING AND THIN-LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY KITS 123 Jeffrey S. Haas and Marjorie Auyong Gonzalez COMPARATIVE MULTI-ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS OF MINERAL AND ECOLOGICAL COMPONENTS OF THE ECOSYSTEM "KARABASHTOWN" CO-EXISTING WITH A COPPER-SMELTING PLANT. PHYSICOCHEMICAL POINT OF VIEW 135 N.M. Barysheva, N.V. Garmasheva, E. V. Polyakov, V.T. Surikov,V.N. Udachin AUTOMATED ANALYSIS OF STABLE ISOTOPES OF H, C, N, O AND S BY ISOTOPE RATIO MASS SPECTROMETRY 149 Janusz A. Tomaszek SECTION 6: Environmental Security RELATIONSHIP OF ENVIRONMENT AND SECURITY 169 Katarina Mahutova and John J. Barich INTEGRATED RISK ASSESSMENT AND SECURITY 175 Katarina Mahutova and John J. Barich SECTION 7: Risk Assessment HAZARD ASSESSMENT OF MAALAEA CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION LANDFILL SMOLDERING FIRE, AND AIR QUALITY AT A NEARBY COMMUNITY 183 Jon-Pierre Michaud METHODS FOR ESTIMATING THE IMPACT OF HYPOTHETICAL DAM BREAK FLOODS 193 Jene Michaud, Carl Johnson, Judy Iokepa, and Jillian Marohnic SECTION 8: Wastewater and Sludge Management POLYCHLORINATED DIBENZO-P-DIOXINS (PCDDS) AND DIBENZOFURANS (PCDFS) IN SEWAGE AND SLUDGE OF MWTP 201 Marzenna R. Dudzinska THE UTILIZATION OF SLUDGE GENERATED IN COAGULATION OF FISH PROCESSING WASTEWATER FOR LIQUID FEED PRODUCTION 213 K. Medrzycka and R. Tomczak-Wandzel SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN INDUSTRY BY CLOSING WATER LOOPS: TECHNOLOGICAL ASPECTS AND EXPECTED FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS 221 Wim H. Rulkens OPTIMISATION OF REACTOR TECHNOLOGY FOR SELECTIVE OXIDATION OF TOXIC ORGANIC POLLUTANTS IN WASTEWATER BY OZONE 253 Wim H. Rulkens, Harry Bruning, and Marc A. Boncz COMPARISON BETWEEN SEQUENCING BATCH AND CONTINUOUS FLOW ACTIVATED SLUDGE SYSTEMS 273 Janusz A. Tomaszek Acknowledgments 285 Appendix 287 Notes 289 References 291 Index