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About the contents:
The Earth's Structure
* Earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes
* Oceans and features of the ocean floor
* Earth's layers
* Plate tectonics, hot spots and pole
* Landscape formationreversal patterns
* Rocks and minerals; rock and fossil dating
* Atmosphere, storms, and forecasting
* Water and climate
* Insolation and the seasons
* Weathering and agents of erosion
* Comets, asteroids, and meteoroids
* Motions of the earth, moon, and sun
* Kepler's laws of planetary motion
* Origin of the universe
Review and Resources
* Chapter-end quizzes
* Comprehensive end-of-book quiz
* Glossary of key terms
* Appendix of topic-related resources and websites
We take great notes--and make learning a snap
Scott Ryan teaches earth science at Ardsley Middle School in Ardsley, New York.
Chapter 1: Introduction to Earth Science.
Observations and Measurement Methods.
Basic Units of Measurement.
Types of Graphs.
Natural Resources and Conservation.
Types of Pollution.
Chapter 2: Measurements and Models of the Earth.
Size, Shape, and Roundness of the Earth.
The Size of the Earth.
The Shape of the Earth.
The Smoothness of the Earth.
The Structure of the Earths Layers.
Types of Models.
Chapter 3: Mapping the Earth.
Latitude and Longitude Measurements.
Reading Topographic Maps.
Chapter 4: Minerals.
Chapter 5: Rocks.
Igneous Rocks .
The Rock .
Chapter 6: Weathering and Erosion.
Types of Weathering.
Rates of Weathering.
Agents of Erosion.
Velocity of a Stream.
The Life of a Stream.
Types of Glaciers.
Erosion by Glaciers.
Features of Waves.
Erosion by Waves.
Chapter 7: Deposition.
Factors Affecting Deposition.
Running Water and Wind.
Chapter 8: Landscape Formation.
Factors of Development.
Chapter 9: Water in the Ground.
Water in the World.
Water in the Ground.
Ability of Rocks to Hold Water.
Transmission of Water.
Water Table and Wells.
Chapter 10: Plate Tectonics.
Layers of the Earth.
Evidence of Crustal Movement.
Plate Tectonic Theory.
Collision between Plates.
Pole Reversal Patterns.
Chapter 11: Earthquakes.
Areas of Frequent Crustal Movement.
Predicting and Preparing for Earthquakes.
Chapter 12: Volcanoes.
Types of Eruptions.
Other Effects from Volcanoes.
Chapter 13: Mountain Building.
Types of Crustal Movement.
Plate Collisions and Mountain Types.
Fault Types and Mountain Features.
Other Features of the Mountain-Building Process.
Correlation of Mountains and Plate Boundaries.
Growth of Continents.
Chapter 14: Energy and the Earth.
Transfer of Energy.
Absorption of Energy.
Types of Energy.
Temperature and Heat.
Change in State of Water and Matter.
Conversions between States.
Energy Required for Change of State.
Energy of the Earth.
Chapter 15: Insolation and Seasons on Earth.
Changes in Insolation.
Chapter 16: Weather.
Composition of the Atmosphere.
Temperature in the Atmosphere.
Moisture in the Atmosphere.
Measurement of Water in the Air.
Finding Relative Humidity.
Pressure in the Atmosphere.
Circulation of Air on Earth.
Sea Breeze/Land Breeze.
Fronts and Mid-latitude Cyclogenesis.
Storms and Severe Weather.
Synoptic Weather Maps.
Chapter 17: The Oceans.
Layers of the Ocean.
Life in the Ocean.
Ocean Floor Features.
Chapter 18: Water and Climate.
The Water Cycle.
Factors Affecting Climate.
Factors Controlling Temperature.
Factors Controlling Precipitation.
Unequal Heating Rates of Water and Land.
Long-Term Climate Change.
Chapter 19: The Universe.
Origin of the Universe: The Big-Bang Hypothesis.
Galaxies and Stars.
Distances to Stars.
Life Cycle of Stars.
Structure of the Sun.
The Moon .
Properties of the Moon.
History of the Moon.
Comets, Asteroids, and Meteoroids.
Chapter 20: Motions of the Earth, Moon, and Sun.
Motion of the Earth and Its Relation to Other Bodies.
Apparent Motions in the Sky.
Locating the Position of an Object in the Sky.
Geocentric and Heliocentric Models.
Actual Motions of the Earth.
Apparent Diameters of Celestial Objects.
Evidence for Rotation.
Evidence for Revolution.
Movements and Effects of the Moon.
Actual Motions of the Moon.
Phases of the Moon.
Keplers Laws of Planetary Motion.
Chapter 21: Dating of Rocks.
Relative Dating of Rocks and Events.
Correlation of Rock Layers and Events.
Absolute Dating and Radioactive Decay.
Chapter 22: Evolution of Life on Earth.
Geologic Time Scale.
Precambrian Eon: 4.6 bya-570 mya.
Archeozoic Era: 4.6 bya-2.5 bya.
Proterozoic Era: 2.5 bya-570 mya.
Phanerozoic Eon: 570 mya-present.
Paleozoic Era: 570 mya-230 mya.
Mesozoic Era: 230 mya-65 mya.
Cenozoic Era: 65 mya-present, the Age of Mammals.
Evolution of the Earth and Its Atmosphere.
Development of the Atmosphere.
Major Geologic Events.
Evolution of Life on Earth.
Theory of Evolution.
CQR Resource Center.