Synopses & Reviews
Hundreds of thousands of the inmates who populate the nation's jails and prison systems today are identified as mentally ill. Many experts point to the deinstitutionalization of mental hospitals in the 1960s, which led to more patients living on their own, as the reason for this high rate of incarceration. But this explanation does not justify why our society has chosen to treat these people with punitive measures.
In Crime, Punishment, and Mental Illness, Patricia E. Erickson and Steven K. Erickson explore how societal beliefs about free will and moral responsibility have shaped current policies and they identify the differences among the goals, ethos, and actions of the legal and health care systems. Drawing on high-profile cases, the authors provide a critical analysis of topics, including legal standards for competency, insanity versus mental illness, sex offenders, psychologically disturbed juveniles, the injury and death rates of mentally ill prisoners due to the inappropriate use of force, the high level of suicide, and the release of mentally ill individuals from jails and prisons who have received little or no treatment.
"A provocative, challenging, and thoughtful multi-disciplinary investigation of one of the most serious social issues we face. This is a major contribution to the literature."
"This book is informative and, with its reference to specific cases, more interesting than it might otherwise be. Recommended."
andquot;The Globalization of Supermax Prisons is a major contribution, sketching the outlines of the supermax phenomenon not just in the United States, but across the globe. The anthology is also well timed to engage with the growing public realization that the now-familiar abuses at Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo have their parallel counterparts in domestic U.S. prison.andquot;
andquot;A fine anthology dealing with supermax prisons. The essays provide a wealth of information about why the US and eight other advanced industrialized nations adopted the supermax prototype. These articles are consistently well written and informative, and they raise questions about the efficacy of such prisons. An important read for researchers, policy makers, and concerned citizens. Highly recommended.andquot;
andquot;The collection draws attention to a troubling potential trend and a complex problem of contemporary social life and thus offers an important contribution to penal and socio-political studies.andquot;
andquot;This is a book that legislators, policymakers, practitioners and students should include on a professional reading list. In order to make more informed decisions regarding policies and procedures in our prison systems, it is important to know the history of our systems and how it impacts operations today.andquot;
andquot;This book is a fascinating comparative examination of the worldwide proliferation of supermax prisons. The Globalization of Supermax Prisons
is a must-read for any student, practitioner, or scholar of punishment and correctional practices.andquot;
andquot;Jeffrey Ian Ross brings together a wealth of information in an extremely useful and important portrait of global supermax prison proliferation.andquot;
andquot;An important and timely collection of essays examining the propagation of the American andlsquo;Supermaxandrsquo; model around the globe. . . . An essential read for researchers, policy makers and concerned citizens alike.andquot;
andldquo;Supermaxandrdquo; prisons are typically reserved for convicted political criminals such as terrorists and spies and for other inmates who are considered to pose a serious ongoing threat to the wider community, to the security of correctional institutions, or to the safety of the people within. The Globalization of Supermax Prisons examines why nine prominent advanced industrialized countries have adopted the supermax prototype, paying particular attention to the economic, social, and political processes that have affected each nation.
About the Author
Patricia Erickson is a professor at Canisius College, where she serves as chair of the department of sociology, anthropology, and criminal justice. Steven Erickson is a forensic psychologist, practicing attorney, and a Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Centers (MIRECC) fellow at Yale University.
Table of Contents
Foreword: Probing the Meta-Prison, by Loic Wacquant
1. The Globalization of Supermax Prisons: An Introduction, by Jeffrey Ian Ross
2. The Invention of the American Supermax Prison, by Jeffrey Ian Ross
3. How Canada Built Its Supermax Prison, by Jeffrey Ian Ross
4. Supermaxes South of the Border, by Patrick O'Day and Thomas O'Connor
5. The Growth of the Supermax Option in Britain, by Angela West Crews
6. Analyzing the Supermax Prisons in the Netherlands: The Dutch Supermax, by Sandra L. Resodihardjo
7. Supermaximum Prisons in South Africa, by Fran Buntman and Lukas Muntingh
8. From andquot;Secondary Punishmentandquot; to andquot;Supermaxandquot;: The Human Costs of High-Security Regimes in Australia, by David Brown and Bree Carlton
9. The Emergence of the Supermax in New Zealand, by Greg Newbold
10. The Rise of the Supermax in Brazil, by Jose de Jesus Filho
11. Guantanamo: America's Foreignand#160; Supermax in the Fight Against Terrorism, by Jeffrey Ian Ross and Dawn L. Rothe
12. A Globalized Militarized Prison Juggernaut: The Case of Abu Ghraib, by Dawn L. Rothe
13. Conclusion: Globalization, Innovation, or Neither?, by Jeffrey Ian Ross
Notes on Contributors