Synopses & Reviews
The book presents the fundamental physics underlying our increased understanding of the early universe, the cosmic microwave background, large scale structure formation, the dark matter problem, and the interplay between them, focusing on the cosmic microwave background. There is an emphasis on the mutual impact of fundamental physics and cosmology, both at theoretical and experimental / observational levels, within a deep and well defined programme that additionally provides a careful interdisciplinarity. Special sections cover fractals and scaling laws in astrophysics and cosmology, and high energy and neutrino astrophysics. The nature of the domain demands different approaches and points of view (either complementary or contradictory). Readers are provided with the basics of the different competitive lines of research, affording them an excellent opportunity to learn about the real state of the disciplines and increasing their critical awareness. Readership: Experimental and theoretical physicists, astrophysicists and astronomers from a variety of backgrounds. An excellent reference for the young postdoctoral scientist. Also useful for advanced undergraduate students and senior scientists.
Table of Contents
Anniversary of the Founding of NATO. Dedication of the 7th
Course to Ya.B. Zeldovich. 80th
Anniversary of Professor I.M. Khalatnikov. I: The Early Universe.
Phase Transitions in the Early Universe; M. Shaposhnikov.
Elements of Baryogenesis; W. Buchmüller, S. Fredenhagen.
Out of Equilibrium Fields in Selfconsistent Inflationary Dynamics. Density Fluctuations; D. Boyanovsky, H.J. de Vega.
Minimal String Driven Cosmology and its Predictions; M.P. Infante, N. Sánchez.
New Dual Relations Between Quantum Field Theory and String Regimes in Curved Backgrounds; M. Ramon Medrano, N. Sánchez.
Detectability of Relic Squeezed Gravitational Waves by Laser Interferometers; L.P. Grishchuk.
Gravitational Field and Its Energy-Momentum Tensor; L.P. Grishchuk, S.V. Babak. II: Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation.
Observations and Theory of The Cosmic Microwave Background; A.N. Lasenby.
The 1+3 Covariant Approach to CMB Anisotropies. Erice Lectures 1999; G.F.R. Ellis, P.K.S. Dunsby.
Some Problems of the CMB Polarization; P. Naselsky, et al.
The High Redshift Radio Universe; Yu.N. Parijskij. III: Large Scale Structure, Dark Matter.
In Search of the Early Universe. I. The Oldest Stars; P.W. Hodge.
In Search of the Early Universe. II. The Youngest Galaxies; P.W. Hodge.
Clusters of Galaxies and the Large Scale Structure; G. Chincarini.
Structure Formation of Galaxy Clusters and Beyond; L.-Z. Fang.
Warm Dark Matter. Clues to Primordial Phase Density from the Structure of Galaxy Halos; C.J. Hogan.
Dark Matter as Determined from Energetic Particles; P.L. Biermann. IV: Fractals and Scaling Laws in Astrophysics and Cosmology.
Fractal Lacunarity and Scenarios for the Near-Isotropic Distribution of Galaxies; B.B. Mandelbrot.
Fractal Structures and the Large Scale Distribution of Galaxies; L. Pietronero, F.Sylos Labini.
The Cosmological Many-Body Problem and Some of its Observational Implications; W.C. Saslaw.
The Statistical Mechanics of the Self-Gravitating Gas: Equation of State and Fractal Dimension; H.J. de Vega, N. Sánchez.
Renormalization Group Flow and Fragmentation in the Self-Gravitating Thermal Gas; B. Semelin, et al. V: High Energy and Neutrino Astrophysics.
Bepposax: 3 Years of Operation. Highlights and Significant Results; L. Scarsi.
The Extreme Energy Cosmic Rays and Cosmic Neutrinos as Probes for the Distant Universe. Astrophysics Involved and Experimental Approach; L. Scarsi.
Origin and Physics of the Highest Energy Particles in the Universe; P.L. Biermann, et al.
The Gamma-Ray Bursts and the SWIFT Mission; G. Chincarini, D. Lazzati.
Neutrino Oscillations and Cosmology; A.D. Dolgov.
High Energy Neutrino Astronomy: Towards Kilometer-Scale Detectors; F. Halzen.
Accretion of Gas onto Black Holes; I.V. Artemova, et al.
Mass Extinctions of Species &endash; Were Dinosaurs Killed by an Asteroid or Volcanoes? D.R.O. Morrison.
Opening the Third Millennium. Photographs of the Institute. Author Index.