Synopses & Reviews
In the mid-1980s public health officials in North America, Europe, Japan, and Australia discovered that almost half of the hemophiliac population, as well as tens of thousands of blood transfusion recipients, had been infected with HIV-tainted blood. This book provides a comparative
perspective on the political, legal, and social struggles that emerged in response to the HIV contamination of the blood supply of the industrialized world. It describes how eight nations responded to the first signs that AIDS might be transmitted through blood, how early efforts to secure the blood
supply faltered, and what measures were ultimately implemented to resolve the contamination. The authors detail the remarkable mobilization of hemophiliacs who challenged the state, the medical establishment, and their own caregivers to seek recompense and justice. In the end, the blood
establishments in almost all the advanced industrial nations were shaken. In Canada, the Red Cross was forced to withdraw from blood collection and distribution. In Japan, pharmaceutical firms that manufactured clotting factor agreed to massive compensation -- $500,000 per hemophiliac infected. In
France, blood officials went to prison. Even in Denmark, where the number of infected hemophiliacs was relatively small, the struggle and litigation surrounding blood has resulted in the most protracted legal and administrative conflict in modern Danish history. Blood Feuds brings together chapters
on the experiences of the United States, Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with four comparative essays that shed light on the cultural, institutional, and economic dimensions of the HIV/blood disaster.
"I have in my heart of hearts a favourite child. And his name is David Copperfield," wrote Dickens of this, the most personal of his novels. Written after the completion of a fragment of autobiography recalling his employment as a child in a London warehouse, it is in first-person narrative.
One of Dickens's best-loved and most personal novels, David Copperfield is the embodiment of Dickens's own boyhood experience recalling his employment as a child in a London warehouse. This edition, which has the accurate Clarendon text, includes Dickens's trial titles and working notes, and eight original illustrations by "Phiz."
About the Author
Dr. Gilbert Park is at the John Farman Intensive Care Unit, Addenbrookes Hospital Cambridge, and Kieron Saunders is a journalist.
Table of Contents
Part I: National Encounters with Blood and AIDS
1. Introduction: Understanding the Blood Feuds, Ronald Bayer and Eric Feldman
2. Blood and AIDS in America: Science, Politics, and the Making of an Iatrogenic Catastrophe, Ronald Bayer
3. HIV and Blood in Japan: Transforming Private Conflict into Public Scandal, Eric Feldman
4. The Nations Blood: Medicine, Justice, and the State in France, Monika Steffen
5. From Trust to Tragedy: HIV / AIDS and the Canadian Blood System, Norbert Gilmore and Margaret Somerville
6. The Never-Ending Story? The Political and Legal Controversies over HIV and the Blood Supply in Denmark, Erik Albaek
7. Blood Scandal and AIDS in Germany, Stephan Dressler
8. Blood, Bureaucracy and Law: Responding to the HIV-Tainted Blood in Italy, Umberto Izzo
9. HIV-Contaminated Blood and Australian Policy: The Limits of Success, John Ballard
Part II: Comparative Perspectives on the Politics of Medical Disaster
10. Cultural Perspectives on Blood, Dorothy Nelkin
11. The Politics of Blood: Hemophilia Activism in the AIDS Crisis, David Kirp
12. The Circulation of the Blood: AIDS, Blood and the Economics of Information, Sherry Glied
13. Conclusion: The Comparative Politics of Contaminated Blood: From Hesitancy to Scandal, Theodore Marmor, Patricia Dillon, and Stephen Scher