Synopses & Reviews
Racial tension between Native American and white people on and near Indian reservations is an ongoing problem in the United States. As far back as 1886, the Supreme Court said that "because of local ill feeling, the people of the United States where [Indian tribes] are found are often their deadliest enemies." This book examines the history of troubled relations on and around Rosebud Reservation in South Dakota over the last three decades and asks why Lakota Indians and whites living there became hostile to one another. Thomas Biolsi's important study traces the origins of racial tension between Native Americans and whites to federal laws themselves, showing how the courts have created opposing political interests along race lines.
Drawing on local archival research and ethnographic fieldwork on Rosebud Reservation, Biolsi argues that the court's definitions of legal rightsand#151;both constitutional and treaty rightsand#151;make solutions to Indian-white problems difficult. Although much of his argument rests on his analysis of legal cases, the central theoretical concern of the book is the discourse rooted in legal texts and how it applies to everyday social practices.
This nuanced and powerful study sheds much-needed light on why there are such difficulties between Native Americans and whites in South Dakota and in the rest of the United States.
By examining the relations between whites and Lakota Indians on and around the Rosebud Reservation in South Dakota, an anthropologist investigates the ways that US Indian law has not helped to smooth relations between Indians and whites, but instead, has created their role as "deadliest enemies," political opponents along racial lines.
About the Author
Thomas Biolsi is Professor of Anthropology at Portland State University, author of Organizing the Lakota: The Political Economy of the New Deal on Pine Ridge and Rosebud Reservations (1992), and coeditor of Indians and Anthropologists: Vine Deloria, Jr., and the Critique of Anthropology (1997).
Table of Contents
List of Maps and Tables
Introduction: "Deadliest Enemies" and the Discourse of Indian Law
1. A Short History of Rosebud Reservation
2. Rosebud Sioux Tribe v. Kneip: Reservation Boundaries and Legal Rights
3. The Mission Liquor Store and Racial Hard Feelings
4. State Jurisdiction in Indian Country
5. Tribal Jurisdiction over Non-Indians
6. Making Indian-White Relations
Conclusion: Whiteness and the Legal Imagination