Synopses & Reviews
For more than a century, the term "Main Street" has conjured up nostalgic images of American small-town life. Representations exist all around us, from fiction and film to the architecture of shopping malls and Disneyland. All the while, the nation has become increasingly diverse, exposing tensions within this ideal. In Main Street
, Miles Orvell wrestles with the mythic allure of the small town in all its forms, illustrating how Americans continue to reinscribe these images on real places in order to forge consensus about inclusion and civic identity, especially in times of crisis.
Orvell underscores the fact that Main Street was never what it seemed; it has always been much more complex than it appears, as he shows in his discussions of figures like Sinclair Lewis, Willa Cather, Frank Capra, Thornton Wilder, Margaret Bourke-White, and Walker Evans. He argues that translating the overly tidy cultural metaphor into real spaces--as has been done in recent decades, especially in the new urbanist planned communities of Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk and Andres Duany--actually diminishes the communitarian ideals at the center of this nostalgic construct. Orvell investigates the way these tensions play out in a variety of cultural realms and explores the rise of literary and artistic traditions that deliberately challenge the tropes and assumptions of small-town ideology and life.
"In this thought-provoking study, Temple University English and American studies professor Orvell (American Photography) examines cultural myths, simplifications, and media images of Smalltown, U.S.A. According to Orvell, the small town is 'both place and an idea,' with advocates and detractors imbuing it with their own value judgments and imposing a simplistic one-size-fits-all dogma on the diversity and complexity of genuine smalltown life. Though Sinclair Lewis's Main Street 'shatter the complacency of small-town America' in 1920, Main Street came to occupy 'a mythic plane' in the 1930s and 1940s. Orvell reviews economic and technological innovations, ranging from mail-order catalogues and rail shipping to the social impact of the automobile. More recently, the New Urbanism movement sees the 'warm and fuzzy memories of the past' as a legitimate model for new communities. As Orvell notes, these memories often deliberately ignore lynchings and exclusionary practices. He astutely observes that the smalltown myth 'nurture a sense of community in a society that is otherwise a scene of fragmentation and social disintegration.' Illus." Publishers Weekly Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
About the Author
Miles Orvell is professor of English and American studies at Temple University. He is author of several books, including American Photography and The Real Thing: Imitation and Authenticity in American Culture, 1880-1940.