Synopses & Reviews
Defending Europe seeks to clarify the competing ambitions, the contrasting visions and the trans-Atlantic tensions related to the recent quest by Europe for autonomy in the sphere of security and defense. Scholars from both sides of the Atlantic explore the development of ESDI within NATO, the revival of the WEU and the launch of the EU's Common European Security and Defense Policy. Among the issues discussed are the Euro-American capabilities gap, concerns regarding decoupling, discrimination, and duplication, and the complications posed by NATO/EU enlargement. Two contrary conclusions debate whether ESDP is more likely to strengthen or undermine the Atlantic Alliance. This informative foray into trans-Atlantic security and defense issues is a crucial addition to the ongoing dialogue concerning this shifting and evolving relationship.
This collection of essays, written by top European and US academics in the field, explore the impact that issues such as the end of the Cold War, the loss of the looming threat of Soviet Russia, and fragmentation in the Balkans have had on NATO and the future of the US-European security framework. Throughout the length of post-World War II history, Western Europe (with the exception of France) and the United States have worked almost as a single unit on issues of European security and defense through NATO. These essays examine the rifts have developed in that military lockstep and the decisions that Europe has taken that work toward a more autonomous approach to European security.
About the Author
is Professor of European Political Union at the University of Bath. He is author or editor of many books including The European Union and National Defence Policy.
John T.S. Keeler is a Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for West European Studies/European Union Center at the University of Washington (Seattle).
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. NATO, the EU and the Quest for European Autonomy
Jolyon Howorth and John T.S. Keeler
I. NATO AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ESDI/ESDP
Chapter 2. ESDP, the United States and the Atlantic Alliance
Chapter 3. The CJTF Framework and the Limits of European Autonomy
Chapter 4. The Effects of Kosovo and the Danger of Decoupling
II. THE EURO-AMERICAN CAPABILITIES GAP
Chapter 5. The US-European Capabilities Gap and the Prospects for ESDP
Chapter 6. The United States, ESDP and Constructive Duplication
III. NATO ENLARGEMENT, ESDP AND THE DISCRIMINATION ISSUE
Chapter 7. Non-EU NATO Members and the Issue of Discrimination
Chapter 8. NATO Enlargement and European Defense Autonomy
Chapter 9. Dilemmas of NATO Enlargement
TWO CONTRARY CONCLUSIONS
Chapter 10. Why ESDP is Misguided and Dangerous for the Alliance
Chapter 11. Why ESDP is Necessary and Beneficial for the Alliance