Synopses & Reviews
After 21 years of military rule, Brazil returned to democracy in 1985. Over the past decade and a half, Brazilians in the Nova República (New Republic) have struggled with a range of diverse challenges that have tested the durability and quality of the young democracy. How well have they succeeded? To what extent can we say that Brazilian democracy has consolidated? What actors, institutions, and processes have emerged as most salient over the past 15 years? Although Brazil is Latin America's largest country, the world's third largest democracy, and a country with a population and GNP larger than Yeltsin's Russia, more than a decade has passed since the last collaborative effort to examine regime change in Brazil, and no work in English has yet provided a comprehensive appraisal of Brazilian democracy in the period since 1985.
Democratic Brazil analyzes Brazilian democracy in a comprehensive, systematic fashion, covering the full period of the New Republic from Presidents Sarney to Cardoso. Democratic Brazil brings together twelve top scholars, the “next generation of Brazilianists,” with wide-ranging specialties including institutional analysis, state autonomy, federalism and decentralization, economic management and business-state relations, the military, the Catholic Church and the new religious pluralism, social movements, the left, regional integration, demographic change, and human rights and the rule of law. Each chapter focuses on a crucial process or actor in the New Republic, with emphasis on its relationship to democratic consolidation. The volume also contains a comprehensive bibliography on Brazilian politics and society since 1985. Prominent Brazilian historian Thomas Skidmore has contributed a foreword to the volume.
Democratic Brazil speaks to a wide audience, including Brazilianists, Latin Americanists generally, students of comparative democratization, as well as specialists within the various thematic subfields represented by the contributors. Written in a clear, accessible style, the book is ideally suited for use in upper-level undergraduate courses and graduate seminars on Latin American politics and development.
“stands out sharply as the first thorough and systematic book-length evaluation of the workings, progress and products of Brazilian democracy over the 15 years since the military dictatorship ended in 1985. ... The book is particularly strong in its examination of the social aspects of Brazilian democracy. ...covers the gamut for a comprehensive, thorough and nuanced picture of Brazilian politics that is a commendable starting point for the academic generalist or the advanced undergraduate yet provides new insights and interconnections for the laready informed specialist.”
—Latin American Politics and Society
Includes bibliographical references (p. 289-326) and index.
Table of Contents
Foreword: a new test for Brazilian democracy / Thomas E. Skidmore -- Introduction: still standing or standing still?: the Brazilian democratic regime since 1985 / Peter R. Kingstone and Timothy J. Power -- Political institutions in democratic Brazil: politics as a permanent constitutional convention / Timothy J. Power -- The Brazilian state in the new democracy / Kurt Weyland -- Devolving democracy? political decentralization and the new Brazilian federalism / Alfred P. Montero -- Reinventing local government? municipalities and intergovernmental relations in democratic Brazil / David Samuels -- Assessing civil-military relations in postauthoritarian Brazil / Wendy Hunter -- The making of a loyal opposition: the Workers' Party (PT) and the consolidation of democracy in Brazil / William R. Nylen -- The Catholic Church, religious pluralism, and democracy in Brazil / Kenneth P. Serbin -- Democratizing pressures from below? social movements in the new Brazilian democracy / Kathryn Hochstetler -- Muddling through gridlock: economic policy performance, business responses, and democratic sustainability / Peter R. Kingstone -- Democracy looks south: Mercosul and the politics of Brazilian trade strategy / Jeffrey Cason -- An ugly democracy?: state violence and the rule of law in postauthoritarian Brazil / Anthony W. Pereira -- A new Brazil?: the changing sociodemographic context of Brazilian democracy / Timothy J. Power and J. Timmons Roberts.